Madisonville, Louisiana

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Madisonville, Louisiana
Town
Madisonville Town Hall
Madisonville Town Hall
Location of Madisonville in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Madisonville in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Coordinates: 30°24′26″N 90°09′42″W / 30.40722°N 90.16167°W / 30.40722; -90.16167Coordinates: 30°24′26″N 90°09′42″W / 30.40722°N 90.16167°W / 30.40722; -90.16167
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish St. Tammany
Founded 1800
Government
 • Mayor Jean Pelloat
Area[1]
 • Total 2.52 sq mi (6.51 km2)
 • Land 2.49 sq mi (6.46 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
Elevation 7 ft (2 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 748
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 835
 • Density 334.80/sq mi (129.29/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 985
FIPS code 22-47560
Website http://www.townofmadisonville.org

Madisonville is a town in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 748 at the 2010 census.[3] It is part of the New OrleansMetairieKenner Metropolitan Statistical Area. The ZIP code is 70447.

Geography[edit]

Madisonville's colorful waterfront, viewed here looking north from the drawbridge on LA 22, features outdoor dining along the Tchefuncte River estuary.

Madisonville is located at 30°24′26″N 90°9′42″W / 30.40722°N 90.16167°W / 30.40722; -90.16167 (30.407179, -90.161716),[4] on the banks of the Tchefuncte River, near where the river enters Lake Pontchartrain.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.51 square miles (6.51 km2), of which 2.49 square miles (6.46 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.06 km2), or 0.86%, is water.[5]

History[edit]

Historical marker next to the Tchefuncte River includes a reference to General Andrew Jackson's stop here late in 1814, en route to the Battle of New Orleans. David B. Morgan and other Madisonville residents were among the American defense forces at New Orleans; several of the men are buried in the historic Madisonville Cemetery.

Madisonville was founded by Jean Baptiste Baham in 1800, before the United States acquired this area, as the town of Coquille or Cokie because of the abundance of shells in the area, at the site of the Native American village of Chiconcte. The town was renamed in honor of President James Madison circa 1811.[6]

Madisonville was an important port, providing bricks and other products of the towns along the Tchefuncte River to New Orleans, in the decades before the Civil War. After the Union capture of New Orleans, this area remained under nominal Confederate control; and the cutoff of trade with New Orleans across "enemy lines" was devastating to the local economy, which did not recover for decades after the peace.

The opening of the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway and associated highways gradually brought Madisonville into the sphere of Greater New Orleans, in the second half of the 20th century.

Much of the town flooded with the Lake Pontchartrain storm surge of Hurricane Katrina, in 2005. The police station was destroyed by the flood waters, along with the lower floors of the fire station. A temporary police substation was built by a Madisonville-based company, T. Sturdevant Inc/dba Barnstormers. The ruined police station was repaired by town workers and reopened for use, while the substation was left intact and is still used as the main office of the Chief of Police.

Jahncke shipyard[edit]

Frederick (Fritz) Jahncke emigrated to New Orleans from Hamburg, Germany in 1870. After working as a mason he started a business that built the first sidewalks in New Orleans. He expanded and using a rented steam-driven hydraulic suction dredge was the first to pull sand and shell from the Tchefuncte and other rivers to make concrete used in expanding New Orleans.

Fritz purchased a half interest in the Baham Shipyard entering into shipbuilding. In 1905 he purchased the remaining interest acquiring land for yards, as well as warehouses, docks, storage facilities and equipment. He died in 1911 and the company passed to Ernest Lee, Paul F. and Walter F. Jahncke. In 1917 the company started building five wooden ships for the US Navy for World War I. Two ships were completed, the The SS Bayou Teche was launched in March 1918, and the SS Balabac on Sept. 29, 1918. The war ended Nov. 11, 1918, less than two years after US involvement, and three of the ships were not completed. The SS Abbeville was completed on Jan. 19, 1919, and the SS Pontchartrain on April 6, 1919. The last ship was hauled across the river and burned. Part of the hull is still visible at low tide.[7]

Ponchartrain Basin Maritime Museum[edit]

The Lake Pontchartrain Basin Maritime Museum cooperates in research with Southeastern Louisiana University and other educational institutions.

Madisonville hosts the Lake Pontchartrain Basin Maritime Museum, which puts on the Wooden Boat Festival each fall.[8]

Lighthouse[edit]

The Tchefuncte River Lighthouse is operated by the Lake Pontchartrain Basin Maritime Museum with a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services and the Southeastern Museum Conference, a gift from the Southeastern Louisiana University Development Fund that included live-streaming security cameras and on-site information about lake levels and wind and wave action by the Department of Computer Science, as well as contributions from private groups and individuals.[9] The Tchefuncte River Lighthouse was placed on the National Register of Historic Places July 14, 1986.

Government and politics[edit]

John Neely Kennedy, the current Louisiana State Treasurer, is a resident of Madisonville.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 398
1880 441 10.8%
1890 574 30.2%
1900 779 35.7%
1910 1,028 32.0%
1920 1,103 7.3%
1930 837 −24.1%
1940 915 9.3%
1950 861 −5.9%
1960 860 −0.1%
1970 801 −6.9%
1980 799 −0.2%
1990 659 −17.5%
2000 677 2.7%
2010 748 10.5%
Est. 2016 835 [2] 11.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 677 people, 302 households, and 186 families residing in the town. The population density was 277.0 people per square mile (107.1/km²). There were 346 housing units at an average density of 141.6 per square mile (54.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 85.67% White, 10.04% Black, 0.74% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 1.77% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.51% of the population.

Madisonville's Tchefuncte River Lighthouse, viewed from the east, stands on the north shore of Lake Pontchartrain. This lighthouse was built in 1837.[12]

There were 302 households out of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the town, the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 103.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,625, and the median income for a family was $57,083. Males had a median income of $41,042 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,114. About 4.5% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.3% of those under age 18 and 17.8% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 2, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Madisonville town, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 21, 2012. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Madisonville town, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 21, 2012. 
  6. ^ Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. "Madisonville Historical Marker". 
  7. ^ Jahncke shipyard- Retrieved 2017-01-06
  8. ^ Lake Pontchartrain Basin Maritime Museum site, accessed 29 Sept 2015.
  9. ^ Lighthouse funding- Retrieved 2017-01- 06
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ American FactFinder; census.gov
  12. ^ Brenda Brown Finnegan, Lighthouse Digest.

External links[edit]