Madisonville Town Hall
|Elevation||7 ft (2 m)|
|Area||2.5 sq mi (6.5 km2)|
|- land||2.5 sq mi (6 km2)|
|- water||0.0 sq mi (0 km2), 0%|
|Density||299.2 / sq mi (115.5 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.51 square miles (6.51 km2), of which 2.49 square miles (6.46 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.06 km2), or 0.86%, is water.
Madisonville was founded by Jean Baptiste Baham in 1800, before the United States acquired this area, as the town of Coquille or Cokie because of the abundance of shells in the area, at the site of the Native American village of Chiconcte. The town was renamed in honor of President James Madison circa 1811.
Madisonville was an important port, providing bricks and other products of the towns along the Tchefuncte River to New Orleans, in the decades before the Civil War. After the Union capture of New Orleans, this area remained under nominal Confederate control; and the cutoff of trade with New Orleans across "enemy lines" was devastating to the local economy, which did not recover for decades after the peace.
Much of the town flooded with the Lake Pontchartrain storm surge of Hurricane Katrina, in 2005. The police station was destroyed by the flood waters, along with the lower floors of the fire station. A temporary police substation was built by a Madisonville-based company, T. Sturdevant Inc/dba Barnstormers. The ruined police station was repaired by town workers and reopened for use, while the substation was left intact and is still used as the main office of the Chief of Police.
Madisonville hosts the Lake Pontchartrain Basin Maritime Museum, which puts on the Wooden Boat Festival each fall.
The Tchefuncte River Lighthouse was built in 1837 and is on the National Register of Historic Places. The land route to the lighthouse was destroyed in 1965 by Hurricane Betsy, and it has since been accessible only by boat.
John Neely Kennedy, the current Louisiana State Treasurer, is a resident of Madisonville.
The ZIP code is 70447.
As of the census of 2000, there were 677 people, 302 households, and 186 families residing in the town. The population density was 277.0 people per square mile (107.1/km²). There were 346 housing units at an average density of 141.6 per square mile (54.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 85.67% White, 10.04% Black, 0.74% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 1.77% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.51% of the population.
There were 302 households out of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.81.
In the town the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 103.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $50,625, and the median income for a family was $57,083. Males had a median income of $41,042 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,114. About 4.5% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.3% of those under age 18 and 17.8% of those age 65 or over.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Madisonville, Louisiana.|
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Madisonville town, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Madisonville town, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
- Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. "Madisonville Historical Marker".
- Lake Pontchartrain Basin Maritime Museum site, accessed 29 Sept 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- American FactFinder; census.gov
- Brenda Brown Finnegan, Lighthouse Digest.