Madiun

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Madiun
(Kota Madiun)
City
Seal
Seal
Madiun is located in Indonesia
Madiun
Madiun
Location of Madiun in Indonesia
Coordinates: 7°37′48″S 111°31′23″E / 7.63000°S 111.52306°E / -7.63000; 111.52306Coordinates: 7°37′48″S 111°31′23″E / 7.63000°S 111.52306°E / -7.63000; 111.52306
Country Indonesia
Province East Java
Established 23 June 1926
Government
 • Mayor Bambang Irianto
Area
 • Total 33.92 km2 (13.10 sq mi)
Elevation 65 m (213 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 175,767
 • Density 5,200/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Website www.madiun.go.id

Madiun is a city in the western part of East Java, known for its agricultural center. It was formerly (until 2010) the capital of the Madiun Regency, but is now administratively separated from the regency.

Madiun, located 169 km south west of Surabaya, covers an area of 33.92 sq. km, and had a population of 170,964 at the 2010 Census;[1] the latest official estimate (as at 2014) is 175,767. This town is an average of 63 metres above sea level and lies on the Madiun River, a tributary of the Bengawan Solo River. It is surrounded by a number of mountains, including Mount Wilis (2,169 m) to the east, to the south the Kapur Selatan range (500–1000 m) and to the west Mount Lawu (3,285 m). Madiun has an average temperature of 20-35 degrees Celsius.

Administration[edit]

The city is divided into three districts (kecamatan), listed below with their 2010 Census populations:[2]

  • Mangu Harjo (49,391)
  • Taman (72,667)
  • Kartoharjo (48,916)

History[edit]

See also: Madiun Affair

Madiun was the site of a noted uprising in 1948 by elements of the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI), the "Madiun Affair". After the signing of the Renville Agreement that year, guerrilla units and militias under the influence of PKI were ordered to disband. In Madiun a group of PKI militia refused to disarm and were killed in September. The killings sparked a violent uprising. Army sources claimed that the PKI had announced the proclamation of the "Soviet Republic of Indonesia" on 18 September with Muso as its president and Amir Sjarifuddin as its prime minister.

The uprising was suppressed by republican troops. On 30 September, Madiun was taken over by republican troops of the Silwangi Division. Thousands of party cadres were killed and 36,000 were imprisoned. Amongst the executed PKi members were several leaders including Muso killed on 31 October, allegedly while trying to escape from prison. Other PKI leaders such as D.N. Aidit went into exile in China.

Climate[edit]

Climate, Wind Speed, and Humidity Data for Madiun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Des
Precipitation (mm) 169 159 119 63 24 15 7 5 7 20 60 136
Average Rainy Days (days) 20 15 15 9 8 5 5 0 0 2 10 16
Max Temperature (oC) 30.4 30.6 31 31.7 31.9 32 31.9 32.6 33.5 33.7 32.8 31.4
Min Temperature (oC) 22.8 23 23 22.9 22.5 21.5 20.7 20.6 21.3 22.1 22.7 22.9
Average Temperature (oC) 26.6 26.8 27 27.3 27.2 26.7 27.3 26.6 27.4 27.9 27.7 27.1
Hot Days (oC) 33 32 32 32 32 32 33 34 35 36 35 34
Cold Nights (oC) 22 22 21 21 20 19 18 18 19 20 22 21
Average Wind Speed (km/h) 6 6 5 4 5 6 7 8 9 8 6 6
Max Wind Speed (km/h) 9 9 8 7 7 9 10 11 12 11 9 9
Min Wind Speed (km/h) 3 2 2 2 3 4 5 6 6 5 3 3
Relative Humidity (%) 80 81 80 77 73 72 69 65 63 65 72 78

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.

External links[edit]