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Madonna albums discography

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Madonna albums discography
Madonna, wearing a black eyepatch with a jeweled X and dressed in a black hooded robe with jeweled crosses, sings to a microphone.
Madonna performing the title track from her fourth studio, Like a Prayer, on the Madame X Tour (2019–2020). Like a Prayer became her third number one album on the Billboard 200.
Studio albums14
Live albums5
Compilation albums6
Soundtrack albums3
Limited releases35

American singer Madonna has released 14 studio albums, three soundtrack albums, five live albums, six compilation albums, and 35 other limited releases. In 1982, Madonna signed a recording contract with Sire Records, a label owned by Warner Bros. Records.[1] The first release under the label was her self-titled debut album, Madonna (1983).[2] It peaked at number eight on the Billboard 200 and was certified five-time platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).[3][4] She followed the debut album with Like a Virgin (1984), which became her first chart-topper in various countries and was certified diamond by the RIAA.[4] Her third studio album, True Blue (1986), reached number one in a record-breaking 28 countries and was once named the best-selling album by a woman of all time by the 1992 edition of Guinness World Records.[5] During 1987, she released two albums that reached platinum status in the United States: the Who's That Girl soundtrack and her first remix compilation, You Can Dance.[6] Madonna's fourth studio album, Like a Prayer (1989), made her the woman with most Billboard 200 number-one albums of the 1980s (second overall, behind only Bruce Springsteen).[7]

Madonna entered the 1990s with the release of I'm Breathless (1990), which contained songs from and inspired by the film Dick Tracy, and her first greatest hits compilation, The Immaculate Collection (1990).[8] The latter became her second diamond-certified album in the US and remains the best-selling compilation album by a solo artist with global sales of over 30 million units.[4][9] In 1992, Madonna founded her own record label, Maverick Records, as a joint venture with Time Warner. She was paid an advance of $60 million and received 20% royalties from the music proceedings, the highest rate in the industry at the time, equaled only by that of Michael Jackson.[10] Her next releases under Maverick were the studio albums, Erotica (1992) and Bedtime Stories (1994), as well as Something to Remember (1995), a collection of Madonna ballads. All of them reached multi-platinum status in the US.[4] Madonna scored her best-selling studio album of the decade with Ray of Light (1998), which sold over 16 million copies worldwide.[11]

After charting five albums at number two on the Billboard 200 during the 1990s, Madonna returned to the top of the chart with Music (2000).[12] The album sold over 11 million copies worldwide,[13] of which four million were sold within the first ten days.[14] She continued her chart-topping streak with studio albums American Life (2003) and Confessions on a Dance Floor (2005); the latter became a number-one album in 40 countries with global sales of over 10 million copies.[15][16] In 2007, Madonna signed a 360 deal with Live Nation for $120 million.[17] Her remaining contract with Warner Bros. ended with her eleventh studio album, Hard Candy (2008), and her career-spanning greatest hits compilation, Celebration (2009).[18][19] Through her Live Nation partnership, Madonna signed a three-album deal with Interscope Records in 2011.[20] MDNA (2012) was her first release with the label, which marked her fifth studio album to debut at number one on the Billboard 200. Madonna's albums sales kept declining with Rebel Heart (2015) and Madame X (2019), despite the latter being her ninth chart-topper on the Billboard 200.[3]

Recognized as the world's best-selling female recording artist of all time by the Guinness World Records, Madonna has accumulated a total record sales of more than 300 million units worldwide.[21][22] In their 2006 press release, the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) confirmed that Madonna's albums alone had sold over 200 million copies worldwide.[23] She is ranked by the RIAA as the best-selling female rock artist of the 20th century and third highest-certified female artist in the United States, with 64.5 million album units.[24][25] Her albums, The Immaculate Collection, Like a Virgin and True Blue, are among the top 100 certified albums according to the RIAA.[26] She is the most successful female artist in Germany and the United Kingdom, with a total of 12 number-one albums in each country.[27][28]

Major releases

Studio albums

Title Album details Peak chart positions Certifications Sales
US
[3]
AUS
[29]
AUT
[30]
CAN
[31]
FRA
[32]
GER
[33]
ITA
[34]
SPA
[35]
SWI
[36]
UK
[37]
Madonna 8 10 15 16 8 28 50 35 6
Like a Virgin
  • Released: November 12, 1984
  • Label:
    • Sire
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • cassette
    • CD
    • picture disc
1 2 3 3 2 1 1 1 3 1
True Blue
  • Released: June 30, 1986
  • Label:
    • Sire
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • cassette
    • CD
    • picture disc
1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
  • US: 7× Platinum[4]
  • AUS: 4× Platinum[56]
  • AUT: Platinum[41]
  • CAN: Diamond[49]
  • FRA: Diamond[39]
  • GER: 2× Platinum[40]
  • ITA: 4× Platinum[41]
  • SPA: 3× Platinum[42]
  • SWI: 3× Platinum[41]
  • UK: 7× Platinum[43]
Like a Prayer
  • Released: March 21, 1989
  • Label:
    • Sire
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • cassette
    • CD
    • picture disc
1 4 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
  • US: 4× Platinum[4]
  • AUS: 4× Platinum[61]
  • AUT: Platinum[62]
  • CAN: 5× Platinum[49]
  • FRA: 2× Platinum[39]
  • GER: 3× Gold[40]
  • SPA: 4× Platinum[42]
  • SWI: 2× Platinum[50]
  • UK: 4× Platinum[43]
Erotica
  • Released: October 20, 1992
  • Label:
    • Maverick
    • Sire
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • cassette
    • CD
    • picture disc
2 1 10 4 1 5 2 5 5 2
Bedtime Stories
  • Released: October 25, 1994
  • Label:
    • Maverick, Sire
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • cassette
    • CD
    • picture disc
3 1 7 4 2 4 2 5 7 2
Ray of Light 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1
  • US: 4× Platinum[4]
  • AUS: 3× Platinum[65]
  • AUT: 2× Platinum[62]
  • CAN: 7× Platinum[49]
  • FRA: 3× Platinum[39]
  • GER: 3× Platinum[40]
  • ITA: 5× Platinum[74]
  • SPA: 3× Platinum[42]
  • SWI: 3× Platinum[50]
  • UK: 6× Platinum[43]
Music
  • Released: September 19, 2000
  • Label:
    • Maverick
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • Cassette
    • CD
    • digital download
    • LP
1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
  • US: 3× Platinum[4]
  • AUS: 3× Platinum[65]
  • AUT: Platinum[62]
  • CAN: 3× Platinum[49]
  • FRA: 2× Platinum[39]
  • GER: 2× Platinum[40]
  • SPA: 2× Platinum[42]
  • SWI: 2× Platinum[50]
  • UK: 5× Platinum[43]
American Life
  • Released: April 22, 2003
  • Label:
    • Maverick
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • Cassette
    • CD
    • digital download
    • LP
    • box set
1 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
Confessions on a Dance Floor
  • Released: November 11, 2005
  • Label: Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • CD
    • digital download
    • LP
    • box set
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
  • US: Platinum[4]
  • AUS: 2× Platinum[85]
  • CAN: 5× Platinum[49]
  • FRA: Diamond[39]
  • GER: 3× Platinum[40]
  • ITA: 4× Platinum[86]
  • SPA: 2× Platinum[87]
  • SWI: 3× Platinum[50]
  • UK: 4× Platinum[43]
Hard Candy
  • Released: April 19, 2008
  • Label: Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • CD
    • digital download
    • LP
    • box set
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
MDNA
  • Released: March 23, 2012
  • Label: Interscope
  • Formats:
    • CD
    • digital download
    • LP
1 1 3 1 2 3 1 1 2 1
Rebel Heart
  • Released: March 6, 2015
  • Label: Interscope
  • Formats:
    • CD
    • digital download
    • LP
2 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 2
Madame X
  • Released: June 14, 2019
  • Label: Interscope
  • Formats:
    • CD
    • digital download
    • LP
    • cassette
    • box set
1 2 4 2 4 5 2 3 2 2
"—" denotes items which were not released in that country or failed to chart.

Soundtrack albums

Title Album details Peak chart positions Certifications Sales
US
[3]
AUS
[29]
AUT
[30]
CAN
[31]
FRA
[32]
GER
[33]
ITA
[34]
SPA
[35]
SWI
[36]
UK
[37]
Who's That Girl
  • Released: July 21, 1987
  • Label:
    • Sire
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • cassette
    • CD
    • picture disc
7 24 5 4 2 1 2 4 4 4
I'm Breathless
  • Released: May 22, 1990
  • Label:
    • Sire
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • cassette
    • CD
2 1 5 3 3 1 2 2 3 2
Evita
  • Released: November 12, 1996
  • Label: Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • Cassette
    • CD
    • digital download
2 5 1 5 2 2 2 16 1 1
"—" denotes items which were not released in that country or failed to chart.

Live albums

Title Album details Peak chart positions Certifications Sales
US
[3]
AUS
[29]
AUT
[30]
CAN
[31]
FRA
[32]
GER
[33]
ITA
[34]
SPA
[35]
SWI
[36]
UK
[37]
I'm Going to Tell You a Secret
  • Release: June 20, 2006
  • Label: Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • CD+DVD
    • digital download
33 12 4 8 8 1 7 18
The Confessions Tour
  • Release: January 30, 2007
  • Label: Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • CD+DVD
    • digital download
15 2 2 2 1 1 2 7
Sticky & Sweet Tour
  • Release: March 30, 2010
  • Label: Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
10 3 6 11 2 3 5 17
MDNA World Tour
  • Release: September 9, 2013
  • Label: Interscope
  • Formats:
    • 2CD
    • DVD
    • Blu-ray
    • digital download
90 6 2 4 55
Rebel Heart Tour
  • Release: September 15, 2017
  • Label: Eagle
  • Formats:
    • 2CD
    • DVD+CD
    • Blu-ray+CD
    • digital download
20 20 8 4 4 30 42
"—" denotes items which were not released in that country or failed to chart.

Compilation albums

Title Album details Peak chart positions Certifications Sales
US
[3]
AUS
[29]
AUT
[30]
CAN
[31]
FRA
[32]
GER
[33]
ITA
[34]
SPA
[35]
SWI
[36]
UK
[37]
You Can Dance
  • Released: November 17, 1987
  • Label:
    • Sire
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • cassette
    • CD
    • picture disc
14 13 13 11 2 13 1 16 11 5
The Immaculate Collection
  • Released: November 9, 1990
  • Label:
    • Sire
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • cassette
    • CD
    • digital download
    • MiniDisc
    • box set
2 1 6 1 2 10 2 5 3 1
Something to Remember
  • Released: November 7, 1995
  • Label:
    • Maverick
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • cassette
    • CD
6 1 1 4 3 2 1 6 7 3
GHV2
  • Released: November 13, 2001
  • Label:
    • Maverick
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • Cassette
    • CD
    • digital download
7 3 1 11 2 3 7 3 3 2
Remixed & Revisited
  • Released: November 24, 2003
  • Label:
    • Maverick
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • CD
    • digital download
115 80
Celebration
  • Released: September 18, 2009
  • Label: Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • CD
    • 2xCD
    • digital download
    • LP
7 6 4 1 34 1 1 2 3 1
"—" denotes items which were not released in that country or failed to chart.

Limited releases

Title Details Notes
Like a Virgin & Other Big Hits!
  • Released: October 10, 1984
  • Label:
    • Sire
    • Warner-Pioneer Japan
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • CD
  • Japan-only EP released in 1984 by Warner-Pioneer Japan. Includes "Like a Virgin" (Extended Dance Remix), "Holiday", "Lucky Star" (Extended Dance Remix) and "Borderline" (Extended Dance Remix). It was later released as a CD maxi-single.[161]
Madonna Mix
  • Released: 1985
  • Label:
    • WEA
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats: LP
  • Rare Venezuelan vinyl EP released in 1985. Includes the tracks: "Borderline", "Holiday" and "Into the Groove" on Side A. "Angel", "Material Girl" and "Dress You Up" on the other side. All tracks are sequenced into each other, like a DJ set and are the original album versions. This set was also later released in Colombia and Ecuador.[162] Due to this release, Madonna's 1987 compilation You Can Dance was retitled You Can Dance: Madonna Mix 2 in Venezuela.[163]
Super Club Mix: True Blue
  • Released: October 1986
  • Label:
    • Sire
    • Warner-Pioneer Japan
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • CD
  • Japan-only EP released in 1986 by Warner-Pioneer Japan. Includes "True Blue" (The Color Mix), "Everybody" (Dub Version), "Papa Don't Preach" (Extended Remix), "Everybody" (Extended Version) and "Live to Tell" (Instrumental). It was later released as a CD maxi-single.[164]
La Isla Bonita: Super Mix EP
  • Released: May 25, 1987
  • Label:
    • Sire
    • Warner-Pioneer Japan
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • CD
  • Japan-only EP released in 1987 by Warner-Pioneer Japan. Includes "La Isla Bonita" (Extended Remix), "Open Your Heart" (Extended Version), "Gambler", "Crazy for You" and "La Isla Bonita" (Instrumental). It was later released as a CD maxi-single.[165]
Remixed Prayers
  • Released: August 23, 1989
  • Label:
    • Sire
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • CD
Madonna 1983–1989
  • Released: September 20, 1989
  • Label:
    • Sire
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • CD
  • Japanese greatest hits EP released in September 1989 for DJs and retailers only. It was later re-released in May 1990 as Madonna 1983–1990, replacing the tracks "Crazy for You" and "Into the Groove" with "Vogue" and "Keep It Together".[166]
True Blue/Like a Prayer
  • Australian-only release with two albums on a single cassette. Uniquely, it includes the studio album True Blue on one side of the cassette and Like a Prayer on the other.[168]
Vogue EP
  • Released: September 25, 1990
  • Label:
    • Sire
    • WEA Japan
  • Formats: CD
  • Japan-only EP released in 1990 by WEA Japan. Includes three remixes of "Vogue", two remixes of "Hanky Panky" and the album version of "More".[169]
  • It peaked at number 72 on the Oricon Albums Chart.[170]
The Holiday Collection
  • Released: June 2, 1991
  • Label:
    • Sire
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • CD
    • Cassette
Deeper and Deeper EP
  • Released: April 10, 1993
  • Label:
    • Maverick
    • Sire
    • Warner Music Japan
  • Formats: CD
  • Japan-only 12-track EP released in 1993 by Warner Music Japan. Includes six remixes of "Deeper and Deeper", "Bad Girl" (Extended Mix) and five remixes of "Erotica".[171]
Rain EP
  • Released: October 25, 1993
  • Label:
    • Maverick
    • Sire
    • Warner Music Japan
  • Formats: CD
  • Japan-only 10-track EP released in 1993 by Warner Music Japan. Includes three versions of "Rain", "Waiting" (Remix), "Up Down Suite" (Dub), "Bad Girl" (Extended Mix) and four remixes of "Fever".[172]
  • It peaked at number 78 on the Oricon Albums Chart.[173]
The Girlie Show
  • Released: September 1993
  • Label: Warner Music Brazil
  • Formats: CD
  • Brazilian promotional EP to promote The Girlie Show World Tour. Includes the tracks "Erotica", "Deeper and Deeper", "Bad Girl", "Fever", "Rain" and "Bye Bye Baby". This release uses the same photography from the single release of the latter.[174]
CD Single Collection
The Immaculate Collection/You Can Dance
  • Box set including the original album releases of The Immaculate Collection and You Can Dance.[176]
  • It sold around 30,000 units in France.[177]
Ray of Light/The Immaculate Collection
  • Released: 1999
  • Label: WEA Music, Warner
  • Box set of Ray of Light and The Immaculate Collection released in New Zealand; also titled Ray of Light (Special Edition)
  • Certified Gold by the RIANZ[178][179]
3 for One
  • Box set including the original album releases of Madonna – The First Album (1985 reissue), Like a Virgin (not including "Into the Groove") and True Blue.[180]
Like a Virgin/Madonna – The First Album
  • Released: October 17, 2000
  • Label:
    • WEA Music
    • Warner Music France
  • Formats: CD
  • Box set including the 1985 reissue editions of Like a Virgin (with "Into the Groove") and Madonna – The First Album.[181]
You Can Dance/Erotica
  • Released: October 17, 2000
  • Label:
    • WEA Music
    • Warner Music France
  • Formats: CD
  • Box set including the original album releases of You Can Dance and Erotica.[182]
  • The box set has sold an estimated 20,000 copies in France.[183]
The Immaculate Collection/Something to Remember
  • Released: November 2001
  • Label:
    • WEA Records
    • Warner Music Australia
  • Formats: CD
  • Box set including the greatest hits album The Immaculate Collection and the ballads compilation Something to Remember. Released to coincide with the release of the greatest hits package GHV2.[184]
GHV2 Remixed: The Best of 1991–2001
  • Released: November 20, 2001
  • Label:
    • Maverick
    • Warner Bros.
  • Formats:
    • LP
    • CD
  • Promo only remix album consisting of remixed tracks from GHV2 (2001).
True Blue/Like a Virgin
  • Box set including the 2001 remastered album releases of True Blue and Like a Virgin.[185]
2 CD Hit Collection
  • Box set including Erotica and the 2001 remastered version of Madonna.[186]
The Best of I + II
  • Released: 2002
  • Label: Warner Music Germany
  • Formats: CD
  • Box set including the original album releases of The Immaculate Collection and GHV2.[187]
Édition Spéciale 2CDs: American Life + Remixed & Revisited
  • Released: December 9, 2003
  • Label:
    • Maverick
    • Warner Music France
  • Formats: CD
  • Box set including the album release of American Life and the remix compilation Remixed & Revisited[188]
American Life/Music
  • Released: 2005
  • Label:
    • Warner Strategic Marketing
    • Warner Music France
  • Formats: CD
  • Box set including the album release of American Life and the 11-track version of Music (with "American Pie" bonus track).[189]
American Life/Music/Ray of Light
  • Released: 2005
  • Label:
    • Warner Strategic Marketing
    • Warner Music France
  • Formats: CD
  • Box set including the album release of American Life, the 11-track version of Music (with "American Pie" bonus track) and Ray of Light.[190]
  • It charted at number 174 on the French Albums Chart for two weeks,[32] and managed to sell 10,000 copies across the country.[191]
Confessions Remixed
  • Released: April 11, 2006
  • Label: Warner Bros.
  • Formats: Triple LP
  • Limited remixed vinyl edition accompanying Confessions on a Dance Floor (2005).[192]
The Complete Collection
  • Box set including all 17 albums and compilations from Madonna to I'm Going to Tell You a Secret (CD/DVD), the only album not included is the Evita soundtrack. Given as a promotional item to the media to celebrate the London leg of the Confessions Tour with only 100 copies made by Warner Music UK.[193]
Madonna: Dalle Origini Al Mito (From the Beginning to the Myth)
  • Box set sold weekly by Italian newspaper Corriere Della Sera in 2008 which includes exclusive outer card sleeves design for each CD with Madonna logo spanning across the spines. Albums included were Madonna, Like a Virgin and True Blue (remastered versions), Who's That Girl, Like a Prayer, I'm Breathless, Erotica, Bedtime Stories and Evita plus two DVDs of The Immaculate Collection and Ciao, Italia! – Live from Italy.[194]
Original Album Series
  • Released: March 26, 2012
  • Label: Warner Bros.
  • Formats: CD
  • European 5-disc box set containing True Blue (remastered), Like a Prayer, Ray of Light, Music and Confessions on a Dance Floor.[195]
  • It peaked at number 194 on the UK Albums chart,[196] and reached the number 35 in Hungary.[197] Around 300 units were sold in France.[198]
The Complete Studio Albums (1983–2008)
  • Released: March 26, 2012
  • Label: Warner Bros.
  • Formats: CD
  • Limited Edition European 11-disc box set containing Madonna (remastered), Like a Virgin (remastered), True Blue (remastered), Like a Prayer, Erotica, Bedtime Stories, Ray of Light, Music, American Life, Confessions on a Dance Floor and Hard Candy.[199]
  • It debuted at number 70 on the UK Albums Chart with sales of 2,055 copies.[200]
La Sélection Ideale: Madonna
  • Released: August 13, 2012
  • Label:
    • Rhino
    • WEA Music
    • Warner Music France
  • Formats: CD
  • French box set digi-pak containing the remastered versions of Madonna, True Blue (but omits the bonus extended remixes found on the normal releases) and American Life.[201]
Confessions on a Dance Floor/Like a Virgin
  • Released: July 22, 2013
  • Label:
    • WEA Music
    • Warner Music France
  • Formats: CD
  • French box set containing Confessions on a Dance Floor and the 2001 remastered version of Like a Virgin.[202]
Rebel Heart EP
  • Released: March 16, 2015
  • Label: Interscope
  • Formats: digital download
  • UK exclusive digital EP released to coincide with the studio album Rebel Heart. It includes the tracks "Beautiful Scars", "Borrowed Time", "Addicted", "Graffiti Heart" and two remixes of "Living for Love". These tracks were also released on the 2-disc CD version of the album.[203][204]
Like a Prayer 30th Anniversary
  • Released: March 21, 2019
  • Label:
    • Warner Bros.
    • WEA Music
  • Formats: digital download
  • Digital only remix compilation for Like a Prayer 30th anniversary celebration.[205]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Like a Virgin was certified platinum in 1986 by L'Associazione Fonografici Italiani (AFI), an equivalent of 500,000 units at that time.[54] The following year, in 1987, it received a double platinum award for combined sales of 400,000 copies only within that year.[41]
  2. ^ UK sales figures for Rebel Heart as of June 2015.[110]
  3. ^ The Recording Industry Association of America considers double CD as two different units, resulting in the quintuple platinum certification.[120]
  4. ^ Sales figures based in their debut.

References

  1. ^ Caulfield, Keith (March 18, 2009). "Madonna Plans New Tracks For Hits Collection". Billboard. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013. Retrieved August 21, 2009.
  2. ^ Metz & Benson 1999, p. 25
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Madonna – Chart History: Billboard 200". Billboard. Archived from the original on September 15, 2017. Retrieved July 3, 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x "American album certifications – Madonna". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved August 21, 2009. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH. 
  5. ^ McFarlan 1992, p. 186
  6. ^ Rooksby 2004, p. 45
  7. ^ Grein, Paul (April 22, 1989). "Madonna's 'Prayer' Shoots To The Top; GN'R's 'Patience' Pays Off In Album Rise" (PDF). Billboard: 6. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved June 14, 2016.
  8. ^ Taraborrelli 2002
  9. ^ a b Mitchell, John (August 16, 2011). "Happy Birthday, Madonna!". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 31, 2016. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
  10. ^ Holden, Stephen (April 20, 1992). "Madonna Makes a $60 Million Deal". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 19, 2009. Retrieved August 21, 2009.
  11. ^ a b Thorpe, Vanessa (July 5, 2009). "Orbit switches from Madonna to Tennyson with live Radio 3 epic". The Guardian. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
  12. ^ Caulfield, Keith (September 28, 2000). "After 11 Year Absence, Madonna's Back At No. 1". Billboard. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved January 20, 2009.
  13. ^ a b Gerard, Chris (July 15, 2009). "Madonna's 'Hard Candy' Strikes Sour Note". Washington: WRC-TV. Archived from the original on December 28, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2010.
  14. ^ "Madonna's secret to making 'Music'". CNN. November 10, 2000. Archived from the original on June 18, 2013.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  15. ^ Harris, Chris (November 23, 2005). "Madonna's Confessions Floors Carrie And Carey For Billboard #1". MTV News. Archived from the original on June 7, 2009. Retrieved October 21, 2009.
  16. ^ Glenday 2007, p. 187
  17. ^ Pietroluongo, Silvio (October 23, 2007). "Update Madonna confirms deal with Live Nation". Billboard. Archived from the original on February 11, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2009.
  18. ^ Hasty, Katie (April 21, 2008). "Madonna Leads Busy Billboard 200 With 7th No. 1". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 23, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2009.
  19. ^ Caulfield, Keith (July 23, 2009). "Madonna's 'Celebration' Hits Collection To Feature Two New Songs". Billboard. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2009.
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Bibliography

External links