American entertainer Madonna has released 69 music videos, 10 concert tour videos, 4 music video compilations, 4 music video singles, 2 documentaries, 2 box sets, and 4 promotional videos. In 1982, Madonna signed a recording contract with Sire Records and released her first two singles before launching her eponymous debut album. Her first video to receive attention on MTV was "Borderline" which was followed by "Lucky Star". Together with the 1984 video for "Like a Virgin", they led to an increase in Madonna's image, fashion and popularity. With the "title track" from her third studio album True Blue (1986), Madonna's impact on MTV and popular music was established when a contest entitled Making My Video, was held to create a music video for the song. "La Isla Bonita" and "Who's That Girl", both released in 1987, portrayed Madonna's fascination with Hispanic culture and included religious symbolism. In 1989, Madonna signed a $5 million deal with Pepsi to use her song "Like a Prayer" in one of their commercial advertisements. The video portrayed her dancing in front of burning crosses, receiving stigmata, kissing a black saint and having sex with him in a church altar. When she released it, the video faced strong reaction from religious groups and media. "Express Yourself" released the same year was critically appreciated for its positive feminist themes.
In 1990, Madonna released the song "Vogue", which portrayed the underground gay subculture dance routine called voguing, and the glamorous look of golden era Hollywood. The following videos all explored sexuality and erotica in them, including "Justify My Love" (1990) and "Erotica" (1992). Facing backlash for the overtly sexual undertones portrayed in them, the video for "Secret", lead single from her sixth studio album, Bedtime Stories (1994), showed Madonna with scenes of rebirth and social stigma. "Bedtime Story", from the same album, showed a dream sequence, inspired by paintings of Frida Kahlo and Remedios Varo, while incorporating new age surrealistic images. In 1998, Madonna released her seventh studio album, Ray of Light. The music video for the lead single, "Frozen", ushered in a new image for her with the incorporation of Indian influences. The video for the title track was a high-speed one, portraying Japanese people going through their daily lives, interspersed with Madonna in black denim dancing to the music. Her incorporation of Asian culture continued with the video of "Nothing Really Matters" (1999) where she appeared as a geisha.
In 2000, Madonna released her eighth studio album, Music. The video for the title song featured her in the role of a glamorous cowgirl-cum-pimp. With the follow-up music videos, the singer portrayed violence and vandalism, in "What It Feels Like for a Girl" (2001), "Die Another Day" (2002) and "American Life" (2003), the latter being pulled from release due to the Iraq war of 2003. "Hung Up", lead single from Confessions on a Dance Floor (2005) was a tribute to John Travolta and his movies. "4 Minutes", the lead single from Hard Candy (2008), portrayed her as a superhero tackling physical obstacles. Her more recent music videos like that of the song "Celebration" (2009) and "Girl Gone Wild" (2012) was received favorably for paying homage to her past videos and a return to her dance roots.
Madonna has worked with successful directors and produced music videos that are considered by critics as works of art. Her videos have depicted controversial subjects such as teen pregnancy, racism, religion, sex, and violence. In their book, The Madonna Companion, authors Allen Metz and Carol Benson explained that more than any other pop star, Madonna had used MTV and music videos to establish her popularity and to enhance her recorded work. Madonna has been honored with 20 MTV Video Music Awards—the most for any artist—including the lifetime achievement "Video Vanguard Award" in 1986. In 2003, MTV named her "The Greatest Music Video Star Ever" and said that "Madonna's innovation, creativity and contribution to the music video art form is what won her the award."
|1982||"Everybody"||Ed Steinberg||An in-house video featuring Madonna singing with a group of dancers against a neon-lit background|
|1983||"Burning Up"||Steve Barron||The video portrays Madonna, in a white dress, writhing on a road, singing the song about her lover. The boy drives a car, presumably to run her over.|
|1984||"Borderline"||Mary Lambert||The video portrays Madonna as a young woman who is dancing in the streets when she catches the eye of a professional photographer. Her boyfriend doesn't want her to leave with the photographer, but she does anyway. After accidentally spray painting the photographer's car during a photo shoot, he yells at her and she returns to her boyfriend.|
|"Lucky Star"||Arthur Pierson||The video portrays Madonna in her boy-toy image, dancing in front of a white background, flanked by two dancers. One of the dancers, is her brother, Christopher Ciccone, as it says so in his book, "Life With My Sister Madonna."|
|"Like a Virgin"||Mary Lambert||In the video, Madonna roams around the streets of Venice and through marble-pillared rooms wearing a white wedding dress; this clip is interspersed by images of a lion and a man wearing a lion mask. It faced negative reaction from family organizations and social workers, who complained that it promoted sex outside marriage and undermined family values, offering an unsavory image of Madonna as a whore.|
|1985||"Material Girl"||Pictured as a video-within-a-video, Madonna sings the song dressed up in a pink sleeveless gown, flanked by boys in black coats. The video imitated Marilyn Monroe's version of "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend" from the 1953 film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. The video and the song together culminated in Madonna's nickname as "material girl" in mainstream media.|
|"Crazy for You"||Harold Becker||Made with clips from the movie Vision Quest|
|"Into the Groove"||Susan Seidelman||Made with film clips from Desperately Seeking Susan.|
|"Gambler"||Harold Becker||Made with clips from the movie Vision Quest|
|"Dress You Up"||Danny Kleinman||The video was released with footage from The Virgin Tour.|
|1986||"Live to Tell"||James Foley||The video portrays Madonna with a new pale and subtle look, her shoulder-length hair is wavy and golden blond. Footage from the movie At Close Range is interspersed, with Madonna appearing to speak for the character.|
|"Papa Don't Preach"||In this video, Madonna adopts the gamine look portrayed by Shirley MacLaine and Audrey Hepburn during the 1950s. She portrays a tomboy who wants to tell her father about her pregnancy. Interspersed with scenes of a sexier Madonna with a toned body, wearing a black bustier.|
|"True Blue"||The American version from MTV's Make My Video Contest was directed by Ángel Gracia and Cliff Guest, where Madonna does not appear. The international release directed by Foley portrays Madonna and her friends in an all-blue diner.|
|"Open Your Heart"||Jean-Baptiste Mondino||The video pays homage to actresses Liza Minnelli and Marlene Dietrich. Madonna plays an exotic dancer in a peep-show club who befriends a little boy and escapes from there. The video was negatively received, because it portrays the entry of a child in a strip club.|
|1987||"La Isla Bonita"||Mary Lambert||Madonna plays a woman living in a Spanish barrio. She portrays two characters: a boyishly-dressed Catholic woman and a colorful Flamenco dancer. The video portrays Madonna's fascination with Hispanic culture and the inclusion of religious symbolism.|
|"Who's That Girl"||Peter Rosenthal||The video portrays Madonna dressed in Spanish style as a young lady in search of a treasure. It includes scenes from the film of the same name.|
|1989||"Like a Prayer"||Mary Lambert||The video portrays Madonna to be a witness of an interracial murder and goes to pray in a church. Various scenes like Madonna kissing a black saint, receiving stigmata, scantily dressed and dancing in front of burning crosses are shown. In the end, she helps to free the man who is falsely accused of murder. Religious groups protested that the video was a blasphemous use of Christian imagery. The Pope banned Madonna from appearing in Italy and urged a national boycott of Pepsi. The latter withdrew their contract with Madonna while letting her keep the $5 million.|
|"Express Yourself"||David Fincher||Inspired by the film Metropolis, the video portrays Madonna as the leader of a company, and later as a glamorous lady and chained masochist. Muscular men act as her workers. In the end, Madonna picks one of them to be her date. The music video for "Express Yourself" was the most expensive video at the time of its release with production cost of $5 million.|
|"Cherish"||Herb Ritts||Madonna plays on the beach with mermen and merchild. In the end she falls in love with one of the mermen.|
|"Dear Jessie"||Derek Hayes||An animated video featuring Madonna as an animated fairy. The video was released only outside the United States.|
|"Oh Father"||David Fincher||A black-and-white video portraying the death scene of a young mother and the tempestuous relationship that ensues between the husband and the daughter. Years later Madonna, as the grown-up daughter, reconciles with the father at the woman's grave.|
|1990||"Vogue"||David Fincher||Black-and-white video recreating the glamorous look of old Hollywood with men in suits and Madonna dressed in gowns. It also displays the dance form called vogue. The video was praised for making the sex and gender roles ambiguous in its portrayal of people, and for bringing an underground culture in the mainstream limelight.|
|"Justify My Love"||Jean-Baptiste Mondino||Black-and-white video portraying Madonna coming to a hotel room to satisfy her sexual fantasy. Scenes of sadomasochism, voyeurism and bisexuality are also portrayed. Critics were polarized over the video's content with some of them applauding Madonna's boldness while others took the brazenness of the video negatively. Madonna called the video "a celebration of sex". She released the video as a video single and it went on to become the best-selling music video single of all time, earning a four-times platinum certification from the Recording Industry Association of America.|
|1992||"This Used to Be My Playground"||Alek Keshishian||The video is a walkthrough of memories. While Madonna melancholically sings about the old days, the viewer flips through a photo album which feature moving images of a singing Madonna as well as images from the movie A League of Their Own.|
|"Erotica"||Fabien Baron||Madonna is portrayed as a masked dominatrix with a golden tooth and a whip. Montages of sexual imagery are shown that are shot during the photography of Madonna's Sex book. It is a montage of sexually charged images, designed to shock the audience. MTV put the video into heavy rotation, but only after midnight.|
|"Deeper and Deeper"||Bobby Woods||Madonna portrays Warhol protégé Edie Sedgwick. She goes to a disco and looks for something which ends with a man releasing the balloons she is carrying. Interspersed with scenes of Madonna being photographed and she and her friends watching a man dancing in underwear.|
|1993||"Bad Girl"||David Fincher||The video opens and closes with shots of a murdered Madonna, who, having lived a life of promiscuous sex, presumably joins her dead lover and guardian angel, portrayed by actor Christopher Walken.|
|"Fever"||Stéphane Sednaoui||The video portrays Madonna as a Balinese idol with red hair and another shot of her being silver painted. Interspersed with scenes of a man in thongs, his body painted gold. The audio used in the original video is the "Edit One" remix instead of the original album version.|
|"Rain"||Mark Romanek||The video portrays Madonna with short cropped, black hair, recording the song in a studio. Interspersed with scenes of Madonna kissing a man behind a glass on which water falls. Critical appreciation came for the music video, whose technical brilliance was awarded at the 1993 MTV Video Music Awards.|
|1994||"I'll Remember"||Alek Keshishian||Madonna singing the song in a recording studio, while being supervised by herself in an androgynous look. Interspersed with clips from the movie With Honors.|
|"Secret"||Melodie McDaniel||Black-and-white video featuring Madonna as a blues singer singing in a club. Scenes of rebirth, transvestites and damnation are interspersed with Madonna walking down a street to her home.|
|"Take a Bow"||Michael Haussman||Madonna portrays the mistress of a Spanish bullfighter. Their affair ends after Madonna is being abused by the fighter. Religious imagery forms the backbone of the video.|
|1995||"Bedtime Story"||Mark Romanek||A surreal dream sequence arising from some sort of controlled experiment on a prostrate Madonna, lying in a blue spaceship-like room. The production cost of the video was $5 million, making it one of the costliest videos. The video was honored as a permanent collection in New York's Museum of Modern Art in 1996.|
|"Human Nature"||Jean-Baptiste Mondino||Madonna and her dancers in front of a white background, wearing black, PVC catsuits, perform a number of S&M-inspired dance moves.|
|"I Want You" (featuring Massive Attack)||Earle Sebastian||Madonna in an apartment and on a bed, longing for whomever, but not daring to phone him. A very slow b/w-video. Madonna's only video to date for a non-single song.|
|"You'll See"||Michael Haussman||Sequel to the music video of "Take a Bow". Madonna leaves the bullfighter but he still chases her around the world. Ultimately she sets herself free from him. The video for the Spanish version of the song, "Verás", intercalates scenes from "You'll See" with footage of Madonna recording the Spanish version of the song.|
|1996||"Love Don't Live Here Anymore"||Jean-Baptiste Mondino||Single-shot sepia-colored video showing Madonna in the middle of an empty suite of an abandoned hotel.|
|"You Must Love Me"||Alan Parker||Madonna was pregnant with her daughter Lourdes at the time of shooting the video. Her stomach was hidden behind a piano in the video.|
|"Don't Cry for Me Argentina"||Alan Parker||The music video for "Don't Cry for Me Argentina" is an excerpt from the film Evita.|
|"Another Suitcase in Another Hall"||Alan Parker||The video was the actual performance sequence from the film Evita.|
|1998||"Frozen"||Chris Cunningham||An all-blue video shot in the middle of Mojave Desert. Dressed in black clothing from head to foot, her long hair colored black and straight and mehndi on her hands, Madonna portrays a mystical creature and a witchy persona who sometimes turns into a dog, sometimes into a bird and sometimes levitates from the ground.|
|"Ray of Light"||Jonas Åkerlund||A high-speed video, showing ordinary people doing their daily routines. In between Madonna, dressed in casual jeans and flowing golden hair, dances to the song, ultimately falling asleep on a dance floor. It won the Video of the Year award at the 1998 MTV Video Music Awards.|
|"Drowned World/Substitute for Love"||Walter Stern||Portrays Madonna running away from the paparazzi in a car. After reaching home she takes her daughter in her arms.|
|"The Power of Good-Bye"||Matthew Rolston||Madonna and her lover play chess, and Madonna wins. After her lover reprimands her, Madonna goes out to the beach and starts walking along the shore, where she possibly commits suicide.|
|1999||"Nothing Really Matters"||Johan Renck||Japanese-themed video, featuring Madonna as a geisha wearing a red kimono and white clad Swedes of Asian heritage performing butoh dance moves.|
|"Beautiful Stranger"||Brett Ratner||Shot for the movie Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me (1999), the video features Madonna dancing in a club and actor Mike Myers as Austin Power trying to seduce her; his plan ultimately backfiring.|
|2000||"American Pie"||Philip Stolzl||Madonna sings the song in front of a giant Flag of the United States. Interspersed with scenes which are characteristic of the American life. Actor Rupert Everett makes an appearance.|
|"Music"||Jonas Åkerlund||Madonna and her friends board a limousine which takes them to a strip-club and disco. The strippers are brought over in the limousine by Madonna and her friends. An animated section is present where Madonna fights with some goons.|
|"Don't Tell Me"||Jean-Baptiste Mondino||The video shows Madonna walking on a conveyor belt in front of a video screen where cowboys are shown dancing. They join Madonna in front of the screen near the end of the video.|
|2001||"What It Feels Like for a Girl"||Guy Ritchie||Madonna picks up an old woman from an old-age home and speeds down the streets with her in a car. While driving she commits a number of crimes, including theft, destruction of property and murder. The video was banned in the United States for being too violent. The audio used in the video is the Above & Beyond remix instead of the original album version.|
|2002||"Die Another Day"||Traktor||Features a heavily-beat-up Madonna being brought to be executed in a gas chamber. Interspersed with scenes of a white-dressed and black-dressed Madonna sword fighting. In the end Madonna escapes from the execution. The former's video was the second most expensive video, production cost being around $6 million.|
|2003||"American Life"||Jonas Åkerlund||Original video showed Madonna among military-garbed models at a fashion show. Interspersed with shots of the catwalk was footage of explosions and planes dropping bombs. The video ends with Madonna throwing what appears to be a grenade into the lap of a George W. Bush lookalike. Madonna had initially claimed that the video was non-specific and anti-war. However, before its premiere on music channels in March 2003, Madonna cancelled the release and issued a statement saying that, "I do not believe that it is appropriate to air it [the video] at this time. Due to the volatile state of the world and out of sensitivity and respect for the armed forces, who I support and pray for, I do not want to risk offending anyone who might misinterpret the meaning of this video." Because of this, Madonna released the edited version of the video that features her singing in front of the world's flags.|
|"Hollywood"||Jean-Baptiste Mondino||Madonna portrays some of Hollywood's former actresses and the upheaval of a glamorous life.|
|"Me Against the Music" (Britney Spears featuring Madonna)||Paul Hunter||Britney Spears and Madonna are shown in a club, playing opposite characters with Britney in the dark and Madonna in the white. A cat-and-mouse like chase ensues; Spears catches up to Madonna in the end.|
|"Love Profusion"||Luc Besson||Madonna walks on the sky and on the water with fairies, fishes, flowers and clouds surrounding her.|
|2005||"Hung Up"||Johan Renck||The video portrays Madonna clad in a pink leotard dancing alone in a ballet studio and concludes at a gaming parlour where she dances with her backup troupe. Interspersed are scenes of people displaying their dancing skills in a variety of settings.|
|2006||"Sorry"||Jamie King||A continuation from the "Hung Up" music video. Madonna and her troupe go around the town in a white van and dance in a skating arena.|
|"Get Together"||Logan||The video shows Madonna singing the song among graphical visuals portraying volcanoes erupting and a cityscape.|
|"Jump"||Jonas Åkerlund||The video features Madonna in a blond bob wig and singing the song in front of several neon signs. The video also features dancers performing the physical discipline parkour.|
(featuring Justin Timberlake and Timbaland)
|Jonas & François||Madonna and Timberlake sing and run away from a giant black screen that devours everything in its path. At the end of the video, Madonna and Timberlake are consumed by the screen.|
|"Give It 2 Me"||Tom Munro,
|Madonna in retro-makeup look dancing in a photography studio in various garments. Cameo appearance by Pharrell Williams.|
|"Miles Away"||Nathan Rissman||Live footage from the Sticky & Sweet Tour in Buenos Aires, mostly footage of the fans and stadium before and during the show. Originally unreleased, but finally included on the Celebration: The Video Collection DVD.|
|2009||"Celebration"||Jonas Åkerlund||A simple dance video featuring Madonna and her dancers doing the popping and locking style of dancing against black-and-white backgrounds. The audio used in the video is the Benny Benassi remix instead of the original album version.|
|2012||"Give Me All Your Luvin'"
(featuring Nicki Minaj and M.I.A.)
|Megaforce||The video shows Nicki Minaj and M.I.A (who are featured in the song), in cheerleader outfits cheering on Madonna, who wears a black outfit for most of the video. It then leads into a scene where Madonna, Minaj, and M.I.A are all dressed as Marilyn Monroe.|
|"Girl Gone Wild"||Mert and Marcus||The black-and-white video opens with Madonna with a retro-glam look, followed by scenes of her against a stark white background, erotic scenes with shirtless / nude male models (Sean O'Pry, Simon Nessman, Jon Kortajarena), and a dance sequence with heeled male dancers (Kazaky).|
|"Turn Up the Radio"||Tom Munro||After a successful escape from the paparazzi, Madonna rides through Florence, Italy, picking up the best looking men on the roadside.|
|2015||"Living for Love"||J.A.C.K.||Madonna dressed as a bullfighter performs a battle inspired choreography where she confronts and tames a number of male minotaurs.|
|"Ghosttown"||Jonas Åkerlund||Set in a post-nuclear destroyed city, the video shows Madonna as a survivor searching through the destruction, when she meets another man, played by actor Terence Howard.|
|"Bitch I'm Madonna"
(featuring Nicki Minaj)
|The "one-shot" very colorful and fun music video shows Madonna into and through a party, dancing and interacting with the partygoers. Many celebrities appear in the video, some was in the real footage (Rita Ora, Diplo, Chris Rock, Alexander Wang and Madonna sons Rocco and David), while others (Katy Perry, Miley Cyrus, Beyonce and Kanye West) were plotted on the screen in the chorus. Nicki Minaj appears on a screen at the party while she's rapping.|
Concert tour videos
|1985||Madonna Live: The Virgin Tour|
|1987||Who's That Girl: Live in Japan|
|1988||Ciao Italia: Live from Italy||
|1990||Blond Ambition: Japan Tour 90||
|Blond Ambition World Tour Live||
|1994||The Girlie Show: Live Down Under||
|2001||Drowned World Tour 2001||
|2007||The Confessions Tour|
|2010||Sticky & Sweet Tour||
|2013||MDNA World Tour||
|1991||Truth or Dare (aka In Bed with Madonna)||
|2006||I'm Going to Tell You a Secret||
Music video compilations
|1990||The Immaculate Collection||
|1999||The Video Collection 93:99||
|2009||Celebration: The Video Collection||
|2000||The Ultimate Collection||
|The Madonna Collection||
|1987||It's That Girl||
|1999||Rays of Light||
|1990||"Justify My Love"||
|1998||"Ray of Light"||
|2001||"What It Feels Like for a Girl"||
- Madonna albums discography
- Madonna singles discography
- List of unreleased Madonna songs
- List of most expensive music videos
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