Madrid (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

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Madrid
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Madrid).png
Location of Madrid within Spain.
Province Province of Madrid
Autonomous community Community of Madrid
Population 6,454,440 (2015)
Electorate 4,913,893 (2015)
Major settlements Madrid, Móstoles, Alcalá de Henares, Fuenlabrada, Leganés, Getafe, Alcorcón, Torrejón de Ardoz, Parla, Alcobendas
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 32 (1977–1982)
33 (1986–1989)
34 (1993–2000)
35 (2004–2008)
36 (2011–)

Madrid is one of the 52 electoral districts (Spanish: circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies – the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. The method of election is the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

As of 2015 it is the most populated of all the 52 districts. Due to its large seat apportionment, it is one of the few districts (aside from Barcelona) where the 3% threshold is effectively applied. In most other districts, the application of the d'Hondt method introduces a de facto threshold at the constituency level. Due to this fact, third parties such as IU, UPyD and the CDS have historically found it easiest to win seats in this district even if unable to do so in most other constituencies.

The most-populated municipalities are Madrid with over 3,000,000 inhabitants, Móstoles and Alcalá de Henares with over 200,000, Fuenlabrada, Leganés, Getafe and Alcorcón with over 150,000, and Torrejón de Ardoz, Parla and Alcobendas with over 100,000.

Traditionally, candidates running for Prime Minister of parties contesting a general election nationwide have led their party's electoral list in Madrid.

Overview[edit]

Boundaries and electoral system[edit]

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [1] the boundaries must be the same as the province of Madrid and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% or more of all valid votes cast, including votes "en blanco" i.e. for "none of the above" can be considered for seats. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

Eligibility[edit]

Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible.[1]

Number of members[edit]

In the general elections of 1977, 1979 and 1982 Madrid returned 32 members. That figure was increased to 33 members for the 1986 General Election, to 34 members for the 1993 election and then to its current figure of 35 from the 2004 General Election.

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population.[2] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) The practical effect of this law has been to overrepresent smaller provinces at the expense of larger provinces like Madrid.

In 2004 for example Spain had 34,571,831 voters giving an average of 98,777 voters per deputy.[3] In Madrid however the number of voters per deputy was 127,377[4] the second largest ratio after Barcelona. In contrast the ratio was 38,714 and 26,177 respectively in the smallest provinces of Teruel [5] and Soria.[6]

Seat summary (1977–2016)[edit]

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008 2011 2015 2016
Seats 32 32 32 33 33 34 34 34 35 35 36 36 36
AP/CD/CP/PP 3 3 11 11 12 16 17 19 17 18 19 13 15
Podemos/UP 8 8
IU 4 4 1 2 5 5 6 3 2 1 3 2
PSOE 11 12 18 15 12 13 11 12 16 15 10 6 7
PSP 3
C's 7 6
UPyD 1 4
CDS 1 5 4
UCD 11 12 1
UN 1

General elections[edit]

2016[edit]

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,315,847 38.27 +4.83 15 +2
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuoCLIAS)[a] 729,870 21.23 –4.93 8 –2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 674,825 19.62 +1.78 7 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 610,391 17.75 –1.07 6 –1
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 38,918 1.13 +0.35 0 ±0
Blank ballots 17,994 0.52 ±0.00
Total 3,438,672 100.00 36 ±0
Valid votes 3,438,672 99.32 –0.04
Invalid votes 23,598 0.68 +0.04
Votes cast / turnout[b] 3,462,270 70.29 –3.83
Abstentions
Registered voters 4,925,835
Source: Ministry of the Interior (Provisional results)
  1. ^ Unidos Podemos results are compared to the combined totals of Podemos and IU–UPeC in the 2015 election.
  2. ^ Shown turnout doesn't account for those voting abroad yet, but registered voters do. Final turnout figures will end up slightly higher than the value
    shown here, but considerably lower than registered voter turnout at 20:00 CEST, not counting abroad registered voters (74.3%).

2015[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapG2015(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,210,219 33.44 –17.53 13 –6
We Can (Podemos) 756,257 20.90 New 8 +8
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 681,167 18.82 New 7 +7
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 645,645 17.84 –8.21 6 –4
United Left–Popular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 190,193 5.26 –2.78 2 –1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 43,508 1.20 –9.10 0 –4
Blank ballots 18,751 0.52 –0.52
Total 3,618,918 100.00 36 ±0
Valid votes 3,618,918 99.36 +0.40
Invalid votes 23,209 0.64 –0.40
Votes cast / turnout 3,642,127 74.12 +0.86
Abstentions 1,271,766 25.88 –0.86
Registered voters 4,913,893
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapG2011(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,719,709 50.97 +1.78 19 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 878,724 26.05 –13.63 10 –5
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 347,354 10.30 +6.56 4 +3
United Left–The Greens: Plural Left (IU–LV) 271,209 8.04 +3.38 3 +2
Equo (eQuo) 65,169 1.93 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 35,093 1.04 +0.09
Total 3,373,805 100.00 36 +1
Valid votes 3,373,805 98.96 –0.52
Invalid votes 35,526 1.04 +0.52
Votes cast / turnout 3,409,331 73.26 –5.82
Abstentions 1,244,448 26.74 +5.82
Registered voters 4,653,779
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapG2008(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,737,688 49.19 +4.17 18 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1,401,785 39.68 –4.43 15 –1
United Left of the Madrid Community–Alternative (IUCM) 164,595 4.66 –1.77 1 –1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 132,095 3.74 New 1 +1
Blank ballots 33,539 0.95 –1.11
Total 3,532,381 100.00 35 ±0
Valid votes 3,532,381 99.48 –0.02
Invalid votes 18,477 0.52 +0.02
Votes cast / turnout 3,550,858 79.08 +0.15
Abstentions 939,182 20.92 –0.15
Registered voters 4,490,040
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapG2004(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,576,636 45.02 –7.50 17 –2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1,544,676 44.11 +11.05 16 +4
United Left of the Madrid Community (IUCM) 225,109 6.43 –2.69 2 –1
Blank ballots 72,038 2.06 +0.18
Total 3,501,778 100.00 35 +1
Valid votes 3,501,778 99.50 +0.02
Invalid votes 17,465 0.50 –0.02
Votes cast / turnout 3,519,243 78.93 +6.85
Abstentions 939,297 21.07 –6.85
Registered voters 4,458,540
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapG2000(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,625,831 52.52 +3.23 19 +2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party–Progressives (PSOE) 1,023,212 33.06 +1.64 12 +1
United Left of the Madrid Community (IUCM) 282,180 9.12 –7.32 3 –3
Independent Liberal Group (GIL) 32,432 1.05 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 58,114 1.88 +0.62
Total 3,095,467 100.00 34 ±0
Valid votes 3,095,467 99.48 –0.20
Invalid votes 16,195 0.52 +0.20
Votes cast / turnout 3,111,662 72.08 –7.51
Abstentions 1,205,484 27.92 +7.51
Registered voters 4,317,146
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapG1996(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,642,489 49.29 +5.37 17 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1,046,904 31.42 –3.54 11 –2
United Left (IU) 547,901 16.44 +1.86 6 +1
Blank ballots 41,927 1.26 +0.28
Total 3,332,046 100.00 34 ±0
Valid votes 3,332,046 99.68 +0.07
Invalid votes 10,582 0.32 –0.07
Votes cast / turnout 3,342,628 79.59 +0.67
Abstentions 857,171 20.41 –0.67
Registered voters 4,199,799
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapG1993(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,373,042 43.92 +9.70 16 +4
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1,093,015 34.96 +1.47 13 +1
United Left (IU) 455,685 14.58 –0.84 5 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 93,347 2.99 –8.00 0 –4
The Greens (LV) 33,295 1.07 –0.07 0 ±0
Blank ballots 30,554 0.98 –0.04
Total 3,126,150 100.00 34 +1
Valid votes 3,126,150 99.61 +0.14
Invalid votes 12,361 0.39 –0.14
Votes cast / turnout 3,138,511 78.92 +6.20
Abstentions 838,551 21.08 –6.20
Registered voters 3,977,062
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapG1989(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP)[a] 919,357 34.22 +2.25 12 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 899,723 33.49 –7.32 12 –3
United Left (IU) 414,392 15.42 +9.39 5 +3
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 295,189 10.99 –2.95 4 –1
The Greens–Green List (LV–LV) 30,495 1.14 +0.42 0 ±0
Blank ballots 27,303 1.02 +0.06
Total 2,686,715 100.00 33 ±0
Valid votes 2,686,715 99.47 +1.18
Invalid votes 14,227 0.53 –1.18
Votes cast / turnout 2,700,942 72.72 –1.18
Abstentions 1,012,999 27.28 +1.18
Registered voters 3,713,941
Source: Ministry of the Interior
  1. ^ People's Party results are compared to People's Coalition totals in the 1986 election.
  2. ^ PTE–UC results are compared to Communists' Unity Board totals in the 1986 election.

1986[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapG1986(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1,054,730 40.81 –11.28 15 –3
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)[a] 826,206 31.97 –0.29 11 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 360,246 13.94 +9.84 5 +4
United Left (IU)[b] 155,932 6.03 +1.05 2 +1
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 63.928 2.47 New 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 36,709 1.42 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 24,814 0.96 +0.53
Total 2,584,562 100.00 33 +1
Valid votes 2,584,562 98.29 +0.16
Invalid votes 44,844 1.71 –0.16
Votes cast / turnout 2,629,406 73.90 –12.06
Abstentions 928,522 26.10 +12.06
Registered voters 3,557,928
Source: Ministry of the Interior
  1. ^ People's Coalition results are compared to AP–PDP totals in the 1982 election.
  2. ^ United Left results are compared to the Communist Party of Spain totals in the 1982 election.

1982[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapG1982(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1,439,137 52.09 +18.75 18 +6
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)[a] 891,372 32.26 +23.66 11 +8
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 137,459 4.98 –8.48 1 –3
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 113,384 4.10 New 1 +1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 92,508 3.35 –29.79 1 –11
Blank ballots 11,826 0.43 +0.05
Total 2,762,663 100.00 32 ±0
Valid votes 2,762,663 98.13 –0.99
Invalid votes 52,635 1.87 +0.99
Votes cast / turnout 2,815,298 85.96 +12.69
Abstentions 459,668 14.04 –12.69
Registered voters 3,274,966
Source: Ministry of the Interior
  1. ^ AP–PDP results are compared to Democratic Coalition totals in the 1979 election.
  2. ^ New Force results are compared to National Union totals in the 1979 election.

1979[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapG1979(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)[a] 769,328 33.34 –7.50 12 –2
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 764,830 33.14 +1.19 12 +1
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 310,496 13.46 +2.76 4 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)[b] 198,345 8.60 –1.88 3 ±0
National Union (UN) 110,730 4.80 New 1 +1
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT) 48,354 2.10 +1.39 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE) 25,832 1.12 +0.54 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,691 0.38 +0.12
Total 2,307,644 100.00 32 ±0
Valid votes 2,307,644 99.12 +0.14
Invalid votes 20,585 0.88 –0.14
Votes cast / turnout 2,328,229 73.27 –11.73
Abstentions 849,503 26.73 +11.73
Registered voters 3,177,732
Source: Ministry of the Interior
  1. ^ Spanish Socialist Workers' Party results are compared to the combined totals of the PSOE and PSP–US in the 1977 election.
  2. ^ Democratic Coalition results are compared to People's Alliance totals in the 1977 election.
  3. ^ Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (historical) results are compared to Democratic Socialist Alliance totals in the 1977 election.

1977[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapG1977(VoteShare).png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 737,699 31.95 11
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 731,380 31.68 11
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 247,038 10.70 4
People's Alliance (AP) 242,077 10.48 3
People's Socialist Party–Socialist Unity (PSP–US) 211,440 9.16 3
Christian Democracy FederationChristian Democracy Team (FDC–EDC) 34,113 1.48 0
Democratic Socialist Alliance (ASDCI) 28,363 1.23 0
Blank ballots 6,111 0.26
Total 2,308,916 100.00 32
Valid votes 2,308,916 98.98
Invalid votes 23,744 1.02
Votes cast / turnout 2,332,660 85.00
Abstentions 411,492 15.00
Registered voters 2,744,152
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

Coordinates: 40°30′N 3°40′W / 40.500°N 3.667°W / 40.500; -3.667