Madrid (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Madrid
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Madrid).png
Location of Madrid within Spain
Province Madrid
Autonomous community Community of Madrid
Population 6,436,996 (2016)
Electorate 4,927,932 (2016)
Major settlements Madrid, Móstoles, Alcalá de Henares, Fuenlabrada, Leganés, Getafe, Alcorcón, Torrejón de Ardoz, Parla, Alcobendas
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 32 (1977–1986)
33 (1986–1993)
34 (1993–2004)
35 (2004–2011)
36 (2011–)

Madrid is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects 36 deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Madrid is currently set at 36. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Madrid 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
4 3 11 11 3
1st 1979
4 12 12 3 1
2nd 1982
1 18 1 1 11
3rd 1986
2 15 5 11
4th 1989
5 12 4 12
5th 1993
5 13 16
6th 1996
6 11 17
7th 2000
3 12 19
8th 2004
2 16 17
9th 2008
1 15 1 18
10th 2011
3 10 4 19
11th 2015
2 8 6 7 13
12th 2016
8 7 6 15

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,325,665 38.25 +4.81 15 +2
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuoCLI–AS)1 737,885 21.29 –4.95 8 –2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 678,340 19.57 +1.73 7 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 616,503 17.79 –1.03 6 –1
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 39,117 1.13 +0.35 0 ±0
Blank ballots 18,137 0.52 ±0.00
Total 3,465,795 100.00 36 ±0
Valid votes 3,465,795 99.32 –0.04
Invalid votes 23,581 0.68 +0.04
Votes cast / turnout 3,489,376 70.81 –3.31
Abstentions 1,438,556 29.19 +3.31
Registered voters 4,927,932
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,210,219 33.44 –17.53 13 –6
We Can (Podemos) 756,257 20.90 New 8 +8
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 681,167 18.82 New 7 +7
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 645,645 17.84 –8.21 6 –4
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 190,193 5.26 –2.78 2 –1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 43,508 1.20 –9.10 0 –4
Blank ballots 18,751 0.52 –0.52
Total 3,618,918 100.00 36 ±0
Valid votes 3,618,918 99.36 +0.40
Invalid votes 23,209 0.64 –0.40
Votes cast / turnout 3,642,127 74.12 +0.86
Abstentions 1,271,766 25.88 –0.86
Registered voters 4,913,893
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,719,709 50.97 +1.78 19 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 878,724 26.05 –13.63 10 –5
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 347,354 10.30 +6.56 4 +3
United LeftThe Greens: Plural Left (IU–LV) 271,209 8.04 +3.38 3 +2
Equo (eQuo) 65,169 1.93 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 35,093 1.04 +0.09
Total 3,373,805 100.00 36 +1
Valid votes 3,373,805 98.96 –0.52
Invalid votes 35,526 1.04 +0.52
Votes cast / turnout 3,409,331 73.26 –5.82
Abstentions 1,244,448 26.74 +5.82
Registered voters 4,653,779
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,737,688 49.19 +4.17 18 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1,401,785 39.68 –4.43 15 –1
United Left of the Madrid Community–Alternative (IUCM) 164,595 4.66 –1.77 1 –1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 132,095 3.74 New 1 +1
Blank ballots 33,539 0.95 –1.11
Total 3,532,381 100.00 35 ±0
Valid votes 3,532,381 99.48 –0.02
Invalid votes 18,477 0.52 +0.02
Votes cast / turnout 3,550,858 79.08 +0.15
Abstentions 939,182 20.92 –0.15
Registered voters 4,490,040
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,576,636 45.02 –7.50 17 –2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1,544,676 44.11 +11.05 16 +4
United Left of the Madrid Community (IUCM) 225,109 6.43 –2.69 2 –1
Blank ballots 72,038 2.06 +0.18
Total 3,501,778 100.00 35 +1
Valid votes 3,501,778 99.50 +0.02
Invalid votes 17,465 0.50 –0.02
Votes cast / turnout 3,519,243 78.93 +6.85
Abstentions 939,297 21.07 –6.85
Registered voters 4,458,540
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,625,831 52.52 +3.23 19 +2
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 1,023,212 33.06 +1.64 12 +1
United Left of the Madrid Community (IUCM) 282,180 9.12 –7.32 3 –3
Independent Liberal Group (GIL) 32,432 1.05 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 58,114 1.88 +0.62
Total 3,095,467 100.00 34 ±0
Valid votes 3,095,467 99.48 –0.20
Invalid votes 16,195 0.52 +0.20
Votes cast / turnout 3,111,662 72.08 –7.51
Abstentions 1,205,484 27.92 +7.51
Registered voters 4,317,146
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,642,489 49.29 +5.37 17 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1,046,904 31.42 –3.54 11 –2
United Left (IU) 547,901 16.44 +1.86 6 +1
Blank ballots 41,927 1.26 +0.28
Total 3,332,046 100.00 34 ±0
Valid votes 3,332,046 99.68 +0.07
Invalid votes 10,582 0.32 –0.07
Votes cast / turnout 3,342,628 79.59 +0.67
Abstentions 857,171 20.41 –0.67
Registered voters 4,199,799
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,373,042 43.92 +9.70 16 +4
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1,093,015 34.96 +1.47 13 +1
United Left (IU) 455,685 14.58 –0.84 5 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 93,347 2.99 –8.00 0 –4
The Greens (LV) 33,295 1.07 –0.07 0 ±0
Blank ballots 30,554 0.98 –0.04
Total 3,126,150 100.00 34 +1
Valid votes 3,126,150 99.61 +0.14
Invalid votes 12,361 0.39 –0.14
Votes cast / turnout 3,138,511 78.92 +6.20
Abstentions 838,551 21.08 –6.20
Registered voters 3,977,062
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapCongress1989.png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP)1 919,357 34.22 +2.25 12 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 899,723 33.49 –7.32 12 –3
United Left (IU) 414,392 15.42 +9.39 5 +3
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 295,189 10.99 –2.95 4 –1
The Greens–Green List (LV–LV) 30,495 1.14 +0.42 0 ±0
Blank ballots 27,303 1.02 +0.06
Total 2,686,715 100.00 33 ±0
Valid votes 2,686,715 99.47 +1.18
Invalid votes 14,227 0.53 –1.18
Votes cast / turnout 2,700,942 72.72 –1.18
Abstentions 1,012,999 27.28 +1.18
Registered voters 3,713,941
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapCongress1986.png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1,054,730 40.81 –11.28 15 –3
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 826,206 31.97 –0.29 11 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 360,246 13.94 +9.84 5 +4
United Left (IU)2 155,932 6.03 +1.05 2 +1
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 63.928 2.47 New 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 36,709 1.42 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 24,814 0.96 +0.53
Total 2,584,562 100.00 33 +1
Valid votes 2,584,562 98.29 +0.16
Invalid votes 44,844 1.71 –0.16
Votes cast / turnout 2,629,406 73.90 –12.06
Abstentions 928,522 26.10 +12.06
Registered voters 3,557,928
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapCongress1982.png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 1,439,137 52.09 +18.75 18 +6
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 891,372 32.26 +23.66 11 +8
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 137,459 4.98 –8.48 1 –3
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 113,384 4.10 New 1 +1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 92,508 3.35 –29.79 1 –11
Blank ballots 11,826 0.43 +0.05
Total 2,762,663 100.00 32 ±0
Valid votes 2,762,663 98.13 –0.99
Invalid votes 52,635 1.87 +0.99
Votes cast / turnout 2,815,298 85.96 +12.69
Abstentions 459,668 14.04 –12.69
Registered voters 3,274,966
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapCongress1979.png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 769,328 33.34 –7.50 12 –2
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 764,830 33.14 +1.19 12 +1
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 310,496 13.46 +2.76 4 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 198,345 8.60 –1.88 3 ±0
National Union (UN)3 110,730 4.80 +4.21 1 +1
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT)4 48,354 2.10 +1.39 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE)5 25,832 1.12 +0.54 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,691 0.38 +0.12
Total 2,307,644 100.00 32 ±0
Valid votes 2,307,644 99.12 +0.14
Invalid votes 20,585 0.88 –0.14
Votes cast / turnout 2,328,229 73.27 –11.73
Abstentions 849,503 26.73 +11.73
Registered voters 3,177,732
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

MadridMunicipalMapCongress1977.png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Madrid
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 737,699 31.95 11
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 731,380 31.68 11
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 247,038 10.70 4
People's Alliance (AP) 242,077 10.48 3
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 211,440 9.16 3
Christian Democracy FederationChristian Democracy Team (FDC–EDC) 34,113 1.48 0
Democratic Socialist Alliance (ASDCI) 28,363 1.23 0
Blank ballots 6,111 0.26
Total 2,308,916 100.00 32
Valid votes 2,308,916 98.98
Invalid votes 23,744 1.02
Votes cast / turnout 2,332,660 85.00
Abstentions 411,492 15.00
Registered voters 2,744,152
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 40°30′N 3°40′W / 40.500°N 3.667°W / 40.500; -3.667