Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport

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Adolfo Suárez
Madrid–Barajas Airport[1]

Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez
Madrid air logo.png
Madrid-Barajas - Aerial photograph.jpg
Airport type Public
Operator ENAIRE
Serves Madrid, Spain
Location District of Barajas, Madrid
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 610 m / 2,000 ft
Coordinates 40°28′20″N 003°33′39″W / 40.47222°N 3.56083°W / 40.47222; -3.56083Coordinates: 40°28′20″N 003°33′39″W / 40.47222°N 3.56083°W / 40.47222; -3.56083
MAD is located in Madrid
MAD is located in Community of Madrid
MAD is located in Spain
MAD is located in Europe
Location within Madrid
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14R/32L 4,100 13,451 Asphalt
18L/36R 3,500 11,482 Asphalt
14L/32R 3,500 11,482 Asphalt
18R/36L 4,350 14,268 Asphalt / Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 53,402,506
Passenger change 16-17 Increase 5.9%
Aircraft Movements 387,566
Movements change 16-17 Increase 2.5%
Cargo (t) 470,795
Cargo change 16-17 Increase 13.1%
Economic impact (2012) $10.9 billion[2]
Social impact (2012) 130,900[2]
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[3]
Spanish AIP, AENA[4]

Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas [(a)eɾoˈpwerto aˈðolfo ˈswaɾeθ maˈðɾi(ð) βaˈɾaxas]) (IATA: MADICAO: LEMD),[5] commonly known as Madrid–Barajas Airport, is the main international airport serving Madrid in Spain. At 3,050 ha (7,500 acres) in area, it is the largest airport in Europe by physical size along with Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport.[6][7] In 2017, 53.4 million passengers used Madrid–Barajas making it the country's largest and busiest airport, and Europe's sixth busiest.

The airport opened in 1928, and has grown to be one of the most important aviation centres of Europe. Located within the city limits of Madrid, it is just 9 km (6 mi) from the city's financial district and 13 km (8 mi) northeast of the Puerta del Sol or Plaza Mayor de Madrid, the Madrid's historic centre. The airport name derives from the adjacent district of Barajas, which has its own metro station on the same rail line serving the airport. Barajas serves as the gateway to the Iberian peninsula from the rest of Europe and the world, and is a particularly key link between Europe and Latin America. The airport is the primary hub and maintenance base for Iberia. Consequently, Iberia is responsible for more than 40 percent of Barajas' traffic. The airport has five passenger terminals named T1, T2, T3, T4 and T4S.


Early years[edit]

The airport was constructed in 1927, opening to national and international air traffic on 22 April 1931, although regular commercial operations began two years later. A small terminal was constructed with a capacity for 30,000 passengers a year, in addition to several hangars and the building of the Avión Club. The first regular flight was established by Lineas Aéreas Postales Españolas (LAPE) with its route to Barcelona. In the 1930s, flights started to serve some European and African destinations, the first international flights from the airport.

Originally, the flight field was a large circle bordered in white with the name of Madrid in its interior, unpaved, consisting of land covered with natural grass. It was not until the 1940s that the flight field was paved and new runways were designed. The first runway which started operation in 1944 was 1,400 metres long and 45 metres wide.[8] By the end of the decade the airport had three runways, none of which exist today. In the late 1940s, scheduled flights to Latin America and the Philippines started.

In the 1950s, the airport supported over half a million passengers, increasing to five runways and scheduled flights to New York City began. The National Terminal, currently T2, began construction in 1954 and opened later that year. In the Plan of Airports of 1957, Barajas Airport is classified as a first-class international airport. By the 1970s, large jets were landing at Barajas, and the growth of traffic mainly as a result of tourism exceeded forecasts. At the beginning of the decade, the airport reached the 1.2 million passengers, double that envisaged in the Plan of Airports of 1957.

In the 1970s, with the boom in tourism and the arrival of the Boeing 747, the airport reached 4 million passengers and began the construction of the international terminal (current T1). In 1974, Iberia, L.A.E. introduced the shuttle service between Madrid and Barcelona, a service with multiple daily frequencies and available without prior reservation.

The 1982 FIFA World Cup brought significant expansion and modernisation of the airport's two existing terminals.[8]

In the 1990s, the airport expanded further. In 1994, the first cargo terminal was constructed and the control tower was renovated. In 1997, it opened the North Dock, which is used as an exclusive terminal for Iberia's Schengen flights. In 1998, it inaugurated a new control tower, 71 m tall and then in 1999 the new South Dock opened, which implies an expansion of the international terminal. During this time, the distribution of the terminals changed: The south dock and most of the International Terminal were now called T1, the rest of the International Terminal and Domestic Terminal were now called T2 and the north dock was called T3.

In November 1998, the new runway 18R-36L started operations (replacing the previous 18–36), 4,400 m long, one of the largest in Europe under expansion plans called Major Barajas. In 2000, it began the construction of new terminals T4 and its satellite, T4S, designed by architects Antonio Lamela, Richard Rogers and Luis Vidal. Two parallel runways to the existing ones were also built.

Development since the 2000s[edit]

The new terminals and runways were completed in 2004, but administrative delays and equipment, as well as the controversy over the redeployment of terminals, delayed service until 5 February 2006.

Terminal 4, designed by Antonio Lamela, Richard Rogers and Luis Vidal, (winning team of the 2006 Stirling Prize) and TPS Engineers, (winning team of the 2006 IStructE Award for Commercial Structures)[9] was built by Ferrovial[10] and inaugurated on 5 February 2006. Terminal 4 is one of the world's largest airport terminals in terms of area, with 760,000 square meters (8,180,572 square feet) in separate landside and airside structures. It consists of a main building, T4 (470,000 m²) and a satellite building, T4S (290,000 m²), which are approximately 2.5 km apart. The new Terminal 4 is designed to give passengers a stress-free start to their journey. This is managed through careful use of illumination, with glass panes instead of walls and numerous skylights which allow natural light into the structure. With this new addition, Barajas is designed to handle 70 million passengers annually.

During the construction of Terminal 4, two more runways (15L/33R and 18L/36R) were constructed to aid in the flow of air traffic arriving and departing from Barajas. These runways were officially inaugurated on 5 February 2006 (together with the terminals), but had already been used on several occasions beforehand to test flight and air traffic manoeuvres. Thus, Barajas came to have four runways: two on a north–south axis and parallel to each other (separated by 1.8 km) and two on a northwest–southeast axis (and separated by 2.5 km). This allowed simultaneous takeoffs and landings into the airport, allowing 120 operations an hour (one takeoff or landing every 30 seconds).

Terminals 1, 2 and 3 are adjacent terminals that are home to SkyTeam and Star Alliance airlines. Terminal 4 is home to Iberia, its franchise Air Nostrum and all Oneworld partner airlines. Gate numbers are continuous in terminals 1, 2 and 3 (A1 to E89), but are separately numbered in terminal 4 (H, J, K and M, R, S, U in satellite building).

The Madrid–Barcelona air shuttle service, known as the "Puente Aéreo" (in Spanish), literally called "Air Bridge", is the busiest route between two European airports[11] with 55 daily flights in 2012.[12] The schedule has been reduced since the February 2008 opening of the Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line which covers the distance in ​2 12 hours.

In 2007, the airport processed more than 52 million passengers. Barajas was voted "Best Airport" in the 2008 Condé Nast Traveller Reader Awards.[13]

In December 2010, the Spanish government announced plans to tender Madrid–Barajas airport to companies in the private sector for a period of up to 40 years.[14]

On 27 January 2012, Spanair suspended all flights affecting Madrid–Barajas as well as other domestic and international connections.[15] On 20 September 2012, both runways 15/33 were renamed as 14R/32L (the longest) and 14L/32R (the shortest).

On 1 August 2015, the first scheduled Airbus A380 flight landed in Madrid-Barajas in a daily service to Dubai by Emirates.

Following the death of former Spanish Prime Minister, Adolfo Suárez, in 2014, the Spanish Ministry of Public Works and Transport announced[16] that the airport would be renamed Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez, Madrid–Barajas. This renaming seeks recognition for Suárez's role as the first Prime Minister of Spain after the restoration of democracy and his key participation in the transition to democracy after the dictatorship of Francisco Franco.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

old map of the runways
Interior of Terminal 4
Entrance of Terminal 4 at Madrid Barajas Airport
Madrid-Barajas T4 interior
Terminal 4 Madrid-Barajas
Interior of Terminal 4
Barajas Terminal 4 panorama
Ground control tower at T4S
Terminal 1 interior
Terminal T-4 Madrid - Barajas Airport
A Ryanair 737-800 taxiing
The main control tower


Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
Aeroméxico Mexico City
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Arabia Maroc Tangier
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital, São Paulo–Guarulhos
Air Europa A Coruña, Alicante, Almeria, Amsterdam, Asunción, Barcelona, Bilbao, Bogotá, Brussels, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cancún, Caracas, Cordoba, Düsseldorf (begins 18 June 2018), Frankfurt, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Guayaquil, Havana, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Lima, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Málaga, Marrakesh, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Montevideo, Munich, New York–JFK, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Orly, Porto, Punta Cana, Quito, Recife, Rome–Fiumicino, Salvador da Bahia, San Juan, San Pedro Sula, Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru, Santo Domingo-Las Americas, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sevilla, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–North, Valencia, Vigo, Venice (begins 25 March 2018), Vigo, Zürich
Seasonal: Boston[17]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air India Delhi
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau
Alitalia Milan–Linate (resumes 3 April 2018), Rome–Fiumicino
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, New York–JFK, Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte
Avianca Bogotá, Cali, Medellín–JMC
Beijing Capital Airlines Chengdu, Hangzhou
Blue Air Bacău, Bucharest, Turin
Boliviana de Aviación Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru
Seasonal: Cochabamba
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Ceiba Intercontinental Airlines Malabo
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
Cobalt Air Larnaca
Cubana de Aviación Havana, Santiago De Cuba
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York–JFK
easyJet Berlin–Tegel, Bristol, Edinburgh, Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Lyon, Milan–Malpensa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Vienna
Evelop Airlines Cancún, Havana, Punta Cana
Seasonal: Mauritius
Finnair Helsinki
Hainan Airlines Shenzhen (begins 22 March 2018)[18]
Iberia A Coruña, Algiers, Athens, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Bilbao, Bogotá, Brussels, Budapest, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Caracas, Casablanca (ends 24 March 2018),[19] Chicago–O'Hare, Dakar, Düsseldorf, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Granada, Guatemala City, Hamburg, Havana, Jerez de la Frontera, Johannesburg–OR Tambo, Lima, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Managua (begins 1 October 2018),[20] Marrakech, Medellín–JMC, Mexico City, Miami, Milan–Linate, Milan–Malpensa, Montevideo, Moscow–Domodedovo, Munich, New York–JFK, Oran, Oviedo, Panama City–Tocumen, Paris–Orly, Porto (begins 25 March 2018),[21] Prague, Quito, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Rome–Fiumicino, San José (CR), San Salvador, Santander, Santiago de Chile, Santiago de Compostela, Santo Domingo–Las Americas, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Shanghai–Pudong, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo–Narita, Venice, Vienna, Vigo, Zürich
Seasonal: Boston, Dubrovnik, Los Angeles, San Francisco (begins 25 April 2018),[20] St Petersburg (resumes 30 June 2018), San Juan, Split, Zagreb
Iberia Express Amsterdam, Berlin–Tegel, Bordeaux, Birmingham, Copenhagen, Dublin, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, La Palma, Lanzarote, London–Gatwick, Lyon, Málaga, Manchester, Nantes, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rennes, Santiago de Compostela, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Seville, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Bucharest, Cagliari, Cardiff, Cork, Edinburgh, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kraków, Malta, Menorca, Mykonos (begins 13 June 2018),[22] Oslo–Gardermoen, Palermo (begins 5 July 2018),[22] Reykjavik–Keflavik, Santorini, Toulouse
Iberia Regional Alicante, Almería, Badajoz, Bologna, Bordeaux, Casablanca (begins 25 March 2018),[19] Frankfurt, Granada, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Lisbon, Logroño, Lyon, Marrakech, Marseille, Melilla, Menorca, Murcia, Nantes, Nice, Oviedo, Palma de Mallorca, Pamplona, Porto (ends 24 March 2018),[21] San Sebastián, Santander, Strasbourg (PSO),[23] Tangier, Toulouse, Turin, Valencia, Vigo
Seasonal: Biarritz, Faro, Funchal, Malta, Olbia, Perpignan, Split
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM Chile Frankfurt, Santiago de Chile
LATAM Ecuador Guayaquil
LATAM Perú Lima
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Middle East Airlines Beirut (resumes 16 June 2018)
Meridiana Naples
Seasonal: Olbia
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Helsinki, London–Gatwick, Los Angeles (begins 15 July 2018), New York-JFK (begins 18 July 2018),[24] Oslo-Gardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, Reykjavik–Keflavik, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tenerife–North
Seasonal: Bergen (begins 25 March 2018), Catania, Dubrovnik, Malta, Marrakesh
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas Barcelona,[25] Lima, Santiago de Chile[26]
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Bari,[27] Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Birmingham, Bologna, Bratislava, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cagliari, Catania, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dublin, Eindhoven, Fes, Frankfurt, Fuerteventura, Glasgow,[27] Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Ibiza, Kraków, Lanzarote, Lamezia Terme, London–Stansted, Luxembourg, Malta, Manchester, Marrakech, Marseille, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nuremberg, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Porto, Poznań, Prague,[27] Rabat, Rome–Ciampino, Santiago de Compostela, Sofia, Tangier, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Toulouse, Verona, Vilnius, Warsaw–Modlin, Wroclaw
Seasonal: Menorca
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
SmartWings Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion (begins 15 April 2018)[28]
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon, Porto
TAROM Bucharest, Iași (ends 24 March 2018)
Transavia France Paris–Orly
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk
Twin Jet Seasonal charter: Andorra (begins 9 March 2018)[29]
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil, Lviv
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Washington–Dulles
Volotea Bordeaux, Genoa (begins 30 March 2018), Nantes
Seasonal: Alghero (begins 7 May 2018)
Vueling Barcelona, Florence, Ibiza, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino
Seasonal: Menorca
Wamos Air Cancún, Guatemala City,[30] Punta Cana, Varadero
Charter: Aruba, Athens, Bogotá, Bologna, Helsinki, Malmö, Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru, Santo Domingo, Tallinn, Trondheim
Seasonal charter: Miami
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Cluj-Napoca, Craiova, Sibiu, Sofia, Timișoara


Airlines Destinations
ASL Airlines Belgium Brussels, Liège
Atlantic Airlines Liège
Cygnus Air Frankfurt, Gran Canaria, Tenerife–North
DHL Aviation Beijing–Capital, Casablanca, Copenhagen, East Midlands, Frankfurt, Leipzig/Halle, London–Heathrow, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Emirates Sky Cargo Dubai–Al Maktoum
FedEx Feeder Dublin, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
MASkargo Frankfurt, Kuala Lumpur–International
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Swiftair Algiers, Athens, Barcelona, Bilbao Casablanca, Gran Canaria, Larnaca, Lisbon, Milan–Malpensa, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tenerife–North[31]
Turkish Airlines Cargo Algiers, Belgrade, Casablanca, Houston-Intercontinental, Istanbul–Atatürk. Miami[32]
UPS Airlines Casablanca, Chicago–O'Hare, Cologne/Bonn, London–Stansted

Traffic and statistics[edit]

Passenger numbers[edit]

Passengers Aircraft Movements Cargo (tonnes)
2001 34,050,215 375,558 295,944
2002 33,915,302 368,029 295,711
2003 35,855,861 383,804 307,026
2004 38,718,614 401,503 341,177
2005 42,146,784 415,704 333,138
2006 45,799,983 434,959 325,702
2007 52,110,787 483,292 325,201
2008 50,846,494 469,746 329,187
2009 48,437,147 435,187 302,863
2010 49,863,504 433,683 373,380
2011 49,671,270 429,390 394,154
2012 45,195,014 373,185 359,362
2013 39,735,618 333,056 346,602
2014 41,833,374 342,601 366,645
2015 46,828,279 366,605 381,069
2016 50,420,583 378,150 415,774
2017 53,402,506 387,566 470,795
2018 (JAN YTD) 4,130,156 31,369 37,831
Source: Aena Statistics[3]

Route statistics[edit]

Busiest domestic routes at Adolfo Suárez, Madrid–Barajas International Airport (2017)
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Barcelona 2,341,062 Air Europa, Iberia, Vueling
2 Palma de Mallorca 1,816,204 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
3 Gran Canaria 1,511,303 Air Europa, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
4 Tenerife (North) 1,382,264 Air Europa, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair
5 Bilbao 743,844 Air Europa, Iberia, Swiftair
6 Ibiza 730,162 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Ryanair, Vueling
7 A Coruña 621,971 Air Europa, Iberia
8 Santiago de Compostela 608,003 Iberia Express, Ryanair
9 Vigo 594,044 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Swiftair
10 Oviedo 479,819 Iberia
Busiest European routes at Madrid–Barajas International Airport (2017)
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Portugal Lisbon, Portugal 1,429,092 Air Nostrum, easyJet, Iberia, Privilege Style, TAP Express, TAP Portugal
2 United Kingdom London (Heathrow), United Kingdom 1,382,307 British Airways, Iberia
3 France Paris (Orly), France 1,152,677 Air Europa, Iberia, Transavia France
4 France Paris (CDG), France 1,106,769 Air France, easyJet, Iberia Express, Vueling
5 Italy Rome (Fiumicino), Italy 1,095,812 Air Europa, Alitalia, Iberia, Vueling
6 Germany Frankfurt, Germany 1,057,874 Air Europa, Air Nostrum, Iberia, LATAM Chile, Lufthansa
7 United Kingdom London (Gatwick), United Kingdom 1,030,404 Air Europa, easyJet, Iberia Express, Norwegian Air International
8 Netherlands Amsterdam, The Netherlands 1,027,895 Air Europa, Iberia Express, KLM
9 Belgium Brussels, Belgium 965,715 Air Europa, Brussels Airlines, Iberia, Ryanair
10 Germany Munich, Germany 829,574 Air Europa, Iberia, Lufthansa
11 Switzerland Zurich, Switzerland 622,518 Air Europa, Iberia, Swiss International Air Lines
12 Portugal Porto, Portugal 615,307 Air Europa, Iberia, Ryanair, TAP Air Portugal
13 Italy Milan (Malpensa), Italy 602,604 Air Europa, easyJet, Iberia
14 Republic of Ireland Dublin, Ireland 547,915 Aer Lingus, Iberia Express, Ryanair
15 Switzerland Geneva, Switzerland 520,440 easyJet Switzerland, Iberia, Swiss International Air Lines
16 United Kingdom London (Stansted), United Kingdom 475,739 Ryanair
17 Romania Bucharest, Romania 440,254 Blue Air, Iberia Express, Ryanair, TAROM, Wizz Air
18 Italy Rome (Ciampino), Italy 389,633 Ryanair
19 France Toulouse, France 367,940 Air Nostrum, Iberia Express, Ryanair
20 Denmark Copenhagen, Denmark 360,902 Iberia Express, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Ryanair
21 Germany Düsseldorf, Germany 340,069 Iberia
22 Italy Venice, Italy 320,860 Iberia
23 Italy Bergamo, Italy 315,850 Ryanair
24 Italy Bologna, Italy 287,162 Air Nostrum, Ryanair
25 Austria Vienna, Austria 281,321 Eurowings, Iberia
26 Greece Athens, Greece 279,572 Aegean Airlines, Iberia
27 Turkey Istanbul (Atatürk), Turkey 260,132 Turkish Airlines
28 Czech Republic Prague, Czech Republic 248,502 Czech Airlines, Iberia, Ryanair
29 Germany Berlin (Tegel), Germany 233,565 easyJet, Iberia Express
30 Hungary Budapest, Hungary 231,267 Iberia, Ryanair, Wizz Air
31 Italy Milan (Linate), Italy 227,837 Iberia
32 France Lyon, France 222,085 Air Nostrum, easyJet, Iberia Express
33 Russia Moscow (Sheremetyevo), Russia 213,388 Aeroflot
34 Germany Berlin (Schönefeld), Germany 205,942 Ryanair
35 Bulgaria Sofia, Bulgaria 200,788 Bulgaria Air, Ryanair, Wizz Air
36 Sweden Stockholm, Sweden 192,785 Iberia, Norwegian Air Shuttle
37 France Marseille, France 188,237 Air Nostrum, Ryanair
38 United Kingdom Edinburgh, United Kingdom 181,518 easyJet, Iberia Express
39 Finland Helsinki, Finland 177,648 Finnair, Norwegian Air Shuttle
40 Germany Hamburg, Germany 176,376 Iberia, Ryanair
Busiest intercontinental routes at Madrid–Barajas International Airport (2017)
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Argentina Buenos Aires (Ezeiza), Argentina 814,915 Aerolíneas Argentinas, Air Europa, Iberia
2 Colombia Bogotá, Colombia 790,035 Air Europa, Avianca, Iberia, Wamos Air
3 United States New York (JFK), United States 779,086 Air Europa, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Iberia
4 Mexico Mexico City, Mexico 681,814 Aeroméxico, Iberia
5 Peru Lima, Peru 653,066 Air Europa, Iberia, LATAM, Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas
6 United States Miami, United States 650,756 Air Europa, American Airlines, Iberia, Wamos Air
7 Brazil São Paulo (Guarulhos), Brazil 638,846 Air China, Air Europa, Iberia, LATAM
8 United Arab Emirates Dubai, United Arab Emirates 526,248 Emirates
9 Chile Santiago, Chile 497,844 Iberia, LATAM
10 Cuba Havana, Cuba 487,150 Air Europa, Cubana de Aviación, Evelop Airlines, Iberia
11 Israel Tel Aviv, Israel 440,936 Air Europa, El Al, Iberia
12 Dominican Republic Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 374,168 Air Europa, Iberia
13 Qatar Doha, Qatar 349,166 Qatar Airways
14 Mexico Cancún, Mexico 309,041 Air Europa, Evelop Airlines, Wamos Air
15 Morocco Marrakesh, Morocco 294,699 Air Europa, Iberia, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Ryanair
16 Dominican Republic Punta Cana, Dominican Republic 218,614 Air Europa, Evelop Airlines, Wamos Air
17 Uruguay Montevideo, Uruguay 213,837 Air Europa, Iberia
18 Morocco Casablanca, Morocco 210,036 Iberia, Royal Air Maroc
19 Costa Rica San José, Costa Rica 199,685 Iberia
20 Morocco Tangier, Morocco 191,155 Air Arabia Maroc, Air Nostrum, Royal Air Maroc Express, Ryanair
21 Ecuador Quito, Ecuador 178,870 Iberia
22 Bolivia Santa Cruz, Bolivia 174,368 Air Europa, Boliviana de Aviación
23 Ecuador Guayaquil, Ecuador 173,171 Air Europa, LATAM Ecuador
24 United States Chicago, United States 172,791 Iberia
25 Panama Panama City, Panama 172,457 Iberia
26 Venezuela Caracas, Venezuela 170,086 Air Europa, Conviasa, Iberia
27 United States Dallas, United States 159,372 American Airlines
28 Colombia Cali, Colombia 158,657 Avianca
29 China Shanghai, China 147,556 China Eastern Airlines, Iberia
30 United States Philadelphia, United States 137,149 American Airlines
31 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 135,928 Etihad Airways
32 United States Atlanta, United States 132,975 Delta Air Lines
33 Hong Kong Hong Kong, Hong Kong 131,033 Cathay Pacific
34 United States Newark, United States 121,915 United Airlines
35 United States Boston, United States 119,914 Air Europa, Iberia
36 Colombia Medellín, Colombia 115,283 Avianca, Iberia
37 Senegal Dakar, Senegal 105,382 Air Europa, Iberia
38 Brazil Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 105,317 Iberia
39 Algeria Algiers, Algeria 102,872 Air Algérie, Iberia
40 Canada Toronto, Canada 100,828 Air Canada

Airline market share[edit]

Largest Airlines at Madrid–Barajas International Airport (2017)
Rank Airline Passengers
1 Iberia 14,055,597
2 Air Europa 7,783,953
3 Ryanair 6,697,100
4 Iberia Express 4,987,319
5 Air Nostrum 2,920,535
6 easyJet 1,495,941
7 Norwegian Air International 1,327,493
8 Vueling 1,223,888
9 Lufthansa 821,380
10 Air France 685,821
11 American Airlines 652,298
12 TAP Portugal 645,461
13 Avianca 586,573
14 KLM 558,590
15 British Airways 540,788

Ground transport[edit]


The Madrid Metro Line connects the airport with city centre station Nuevos Ministerios in Madrid's financial district. The Barajas Line 8 provides a fast route from the underground stations at Terminal 2 (access to T1 and T3) and Terminal 4 into central Madrid. The metro also provides links to stations on the Spanish railway network.

In October 2006, a bid was launched for the construction of a Cercanías link between Chamartín Station and Terminal 4. Now finished, this single Cercanías Line (C-1) links Madrid Barajas Terminal 4, with Chamartín Station and Atocha AVE high-speed train stations.[33] In June 2011 a decision was made to equip this link with dual gauge which will allow AVE high-speed trains to reach the airport station.[34]

The Nuevos Ministerios metro station allowed checking-in[35] right by the AZCA business area in central Madrid, but this convenience has been suspended indefinitely after the building of Terminal 4.[36]

EMT Bus[edit]

EMT (Madrid Municipal Transport Company) runs regular public bus services between the airport and Madrid (Avenida de América station): bus 200 runs as a complete line – dropping passengers at departures of terminals 1, 2 and 4 before collecting passengers in the reverse order at arrivals. The EMT public night bus service N4 (nicknamed "Buho", Owl) also services from Madrid downtown (Plaza Cibeles) to Barajas (Plaza de los Hermanos Falcó y Alvarez de Toledo, 400m from the airport through a passageway above the highway). EMT also have an express bus linking Barajas airport to Renfe's Atocha Station, the main rail station in Madrid, during day and Plaza Cibeles during night. Unlike the two services mentioned above, this line runs 24 hours of the day during all the days of the year.[37]

Airport People Mover[edit]

Automated People Mover that links Terminal 4 and the Terminal 4 Satellite

In early 2006, the first driverless transit system in Spain and the longest airport people mover system in Europe began transporting passengers between the new terminal (T4) and a new satellite terminal (T4S). Deploying the CITYFLO 550 automatic train control technology, the system is the only mode of transportation for passengers between the two terminals, which are spaced more than two kilometres apart.[38] Bombardier became the only contractor for the completely underground shuttle system, including the construction of the civil works, operation and maintenance of the system.

Airport parking[edit]

Long- and short-term car parking is provided at the airport with seven public parking areas. P1 is an outdoor car park located in front of the terminal building; P2 is an indoor car park with direct access to terminals T2 and T3. A Parking 'Express' facility, available for short periods only, is located at Terminal 2 and dedicated long-term parking is also available with 1,655 spaces; a free shuttle operates between the long-stay car park and all terminals. There are also VIP car parks.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 30 September 1972, Douglas C-47B EC-AQE of Spantax crashed on take-off. The aircraft was being used for training duties and the student pilot over-rotated and stalled. One of the six people on board was killed.[39]
  • On 29 July 1979, as part of a triple attack, a bomb placed by ETA political-military killed three people.[40]
  • On 27 November 1983, Avianca Flight 011 crashed while attempting to land. Flight 011 struck a series of hills, causing the plane's right wing to break off. The 747 then cartwheeled, shattering into five pieces before coming to rest upside-down. Only 11 of the 169 passengers survived – there were no survivors among the 23 crew.[41]
  • On 7 December 1983, an Iberia 727 operating as Iberia Flight 350[42] collided during takeoff with Aviaco Flight 134, a DC-9[43] The Aviaco DC-9 had accidentally entered the runway as the Iberia flight was taking off.[44] Ninety-three people were killed, including 51 from the Iberia 727 and 42 from the Aviaco DC-9.
  • On 15 July 2006, the winglet of a Thai Airways International Boeing 747-400 HS-TGY operating flight TG943 from Madrid Barajas Airport in Spain to Rome Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport cut off the tail of an Air France ERJ-145 while taxiing to the runway for take-off. No injuries were reported.[45]
  • On the morning of 30 December 2006, an explosion took place in the carpark building module D attached to Terminal 4. Authorities received a bomb threat at approximately 8:15 local time (7:15 GMT), with the caller stating that a car bomb carried with 800 kg of explosive would explode at 9:00 local time (8:00 GMT).[46] After receiving the warning, police were able to evacuate part of the airport.[47] Later, an anonymous caller stated that ETA claims responsibility for the bombing.[48] As a result of the explosion, two Ecuadorians who were sleeping in their cars died. The whole module D of the car park was levelled creating around 40,000 tonnes of debris. It took workers six days to recover the body of the second victim from the rubble.
  • On 20 August 2008, Spanair Flight 5022 which was travelling to Gran Canaria, veered off to the right and into the ground while climbing immediately after lifting off from runway 36L at 14:45 local time. The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) MD-82 with registration "EC-HFP", was carrying 172 people, including 162 passengers.[49] In the accident, 154 people were killed, two were seriously injured and 12 were slightly injured. Prime Minister Zapatero ordered three days of national mourning.[50]
  • On 3 December 2010, during the Spanish air traffic controllers strike, Madrid–Barajas Airport remained inoperative when all Spanish air traffic controllers walked out in a coordinated wildcat strike. Following the walkout, the Spanish Government authorized the Spanish military to assume operation of air traffic control.[51] On the morning of 4 December, the government declared a "State of Alert", ordering on the controllers back to work. Shortly after the measure was implemented, controllers started returning to work and the strike was called off.[52]


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website

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External links[edit]