|Municipality of Madridejos|
Fishing boats at Kota beach
Map of Cebu with Madridejos highlighted
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|District||4th district of Cebu|
|Founded||2 January 1917|
|Barangays||14 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Jay dela Fuente|
|• Vice Mayor||Salvador dela Fuente|
|• Congressman||Benhur Salimbangon|
|• Electorate||23,134 voters (2016)|
|• Total||23.95 km2 (9.25 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)32|
|Climate type||Tropical climate|
|Income class||4th municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||97.3 million (2016)|
Madridejos, officially the Municipality of Madridejos, (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Madridejos; Tagalog: Bayan ng Madridejos), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 36,429 people.
It is one of the three municipalities that make up the island of Bantayan, which lies to the west of the northern tip of Cebu. Madridejos is bordered to the north and west by the Visayan Sea, to the east is the town of Medellin and to the south is the town of Bantayan.
Lawis was the old name of Madridejos. Even today people still use the name "Lawis", meaning "promontory", the portion carved out to constitute the municipality of Madridejos being the peninsula located on the northern side of Bantayan island facing the Visayan Sea.
During the time of governor Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera (1635–1644), the Visayas were continually harassed by the Moros, who wreaked dreadful havoc, capturing, massacring, robbing, sacking churches, and burning everything there was.
The kota (cota or cuta = fort) also built in 1790s. Blowing of the budyong [a] served as signal of the coming of the Moros. A watch tower was built in Kaongkod, a barrio about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) from the fort. It is the place from where the approach of the Moros could easily be seen, to give a timely warning to the townsfolk of their coming. All watchtowers on Bantayan where built by Fr. Doroteo Andrada del Rosario, parish priest of Bantayan in the 19th century (Moro attacks were worst around 1840s).
In 1917 the pueblo Lawis became a municipality named Madridejos. This was the name given to the third town of Bantayan island in honour of Benito Romero de Madridejos the former archbishop of Cebu. [b] The town's feast day is celebrated annually on 8 December.
Immaculate Conception parish church
In the year 1600s, before Madridejos was made into a town, there was a barrio called Lawis at the tip of Bantayan island. In this barrio was a chapel built by the Augustinians who also built the parish church of Bantayan in the year 1580.[c]
The chapel was located within the Spanish fort near the seashore. Inside the chapel, there was a framed picture of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception which was the object of devotion and before which the Holy Rosary was prayed every afternoon. Once a month and during church feasts, the chapel was visited by the priest of Bantayan to say mass and celebrate its annual feast.
In the 1700s there was an image of La Virgen Purisima carved in the Island from batikuling wood. It was 16 inches (41 centimetres) tall and was placed on the altar of the first chapel built by the Augustinian priests near the seashore of barrio Lawis. Folklore say there would be times when the clothes of the image were wet and damp although there was no rain, and was full of amorseko (crab grass) [d] – a kind of weed in the fields. During the time of the El Tor epidemic a beautiful lady was observed ministering to the sick mountain folks.
Since olden times, every October the Virgin is brought in a fluvial [sic] procession and the Holy Rosary is prayed. The feast was celebrated every eight day of December, until Lawis became a parish in the year 1928.
Second World War
- 1942 - occupation by Japanese Imperial forces.
- 1945 - liberation by the Philippine Commonwealth troops of the 3rd, 8th, 82nd & 83rd Infantry Divisions of the Philippine Commonwealth Army which landed in Madridejos at the front of battles against Japanese forces in the Battle of Bantayan. The built of the general headquarters of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was stationed in Madridejos and active from 1945 to 1946 during and after the war.
Madridejos comprises 14 barangays:
|Population of Madridejos, Cebu|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
The main industries of Madridejos are fishing, poultry and tourism.
Because of its rich fishing grounds, Madridejos earned the name of "Little Alaska of the Philippines": the first canning factory in the country was established here, but it lost its sustaining impact in the history of the municipality after it was bombed during World War II. At present, poultry-raising is a growing industry and Madridejos provides a substantial quantity of eggs produced for sale to the neighboring provinces.
There are two radio stations:
- Bag-ong Adlaw DYCM-FM 99.0 MHz
- Radyo Natin DYEE-FM 102.9 MHz
Madridejos can be reached by boat from Cebu City via Santa Fe with 75-minutes ferry service to San Remigio (Hagnaya) via Island Shipping or SuperShuttle Ferry. Bus (jeepney) travel to Madridejos via the municipality of Bantayan takes about a further hour.
There are currently NO overnight boats from Cebu City to Bantayan Island, nor are there any scheduled commercial air flights. Private air companies occasionally fly smaller Cessna and Piper aircraft into Bantayan Airport.
- horn – could be a conch shell or the horn of a carabao
- Benito Romero O.F.M. (appointed 28 January 1876 - died 4 November 1885)
- Thanks to: Rev. Fr. Cristobal Garcia at the Cebu Metropolitan Cathedral, to whom this written history was submitted, as required by the Archdiocese of Cebu, on the occasion of the solemn processional of the thirty nine (39) images with the titles of "La Virgin Purisima" joining the said procession of the International Marian Year.
- Formal description at Kew,description with photographs 
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Philippine Coast Guard - LIGHTSTATIONS - CENTRAL EASTERN VISAYAS
- Spicer 1967.
- Lavilles 1965, p. 91.
- Clayton et al. 2002.
- Galinato, Moody & Piggin 1999.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "SCSIT – Salazar Colleges and Institute of Technology". scsit.edu.ph. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
- Blair, Emma Helen & Robertson, James Alexander, eds. (1905). The Philippine Islands, 1493–1898. Volume 23 of 55 (1629–1630). Historical introduction and additional notes by Edward Gaylord Bourne;. Cleveland, Ohio: Arthur H. Clark Company. ISBN 978-1153716369. OCLC 769945716.
- Clayton, W Derek; Vorontsova, Maria S; Harman, Kehan T & Williamson, H (2002). "World Grass Species: Descriptions, Identification, and Information Retrieval" (Online database). GrassBase – The Online World Grass Flora. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
Dallwitz (1980); and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher should also be cited
- Galinato, Marita Ignacio; Moody, Keith & Piggin, Colin M (1999). Upland Rice Weeds of South and Southeast Asia (Online book). Manila: IRRI. pp. 66–67 Chrysopogon aciculatus. ISBN 978-9712201301.
- Lavilles, Gervasio L. (1965). History: Cebu's 4 cities & 49 municipalities with trimmed accounts of Christianization of the Philippines. Lavilles.
- de Medina, Fray Juan (1630) . Historia de los sucesos de la orden de n. gran P. S. Agustin de estas islas Filipinas: desde que se descubrieron y se poblaron por los españoles, con las noticias memorables / compuesta por el venerable Fray Juan de Medina [History of the Augustinian Order in the Filipinas Islands] (scan) (in Spanish). Manila: Chofréy y Comp. OCLC 11769618.
- Panublion (2003). "Region 7: Central Visayas ••• Bantayan Island". Islas de los Pintados: The Visayan Islands. JESCOM / Ateneo de Manila. Archived from the original on 11 February 2006.
- Rodríguez, Jesús & Mariblanca, David (2000). "HISTORIA - Existe otro Madridejos en Filipinas" (in Spanish). madridejos.net. Archived from the original on 5 October 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
- Spicer, Edward Holland (1967) . Cycles of Conquest: The Impact of Spain, Mexico, and the United States on Indians of the Southwest, 1533–1960. Tucson, Az: University of Arizona Press. ISBN 978-0816500215.
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