Madridejos, Cebu

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Madridejos
Municipality
Fishing boats at Kota beach
Fishing boats at Kota beach
Official seal of Madridejos
Seal
Map of Cebu with Madridejos highlighted
Map of Cebu with Madridejos highlighted
Madridejos is located in Philippines
Madridejos
Madridejos
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°16′N 123°44′E / 11.27°N 123.73°E / 11.27; 123.73Coordinates: 11°16′N 123°44′E / 11.27°N 123.73°E / 11.27; 123.73
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu
District 4th district of Cebu
Founded 2 January 1917
Barangay 14 (see § Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Jay dela Fuente (NUP)
 • Vice mayor Salvador dela Fuente
 • Town Council
 • Representative Benhur Salimbangon
Area[2]
 • Total 23.95 km2 (9.25 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 36,429
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
 • Voter(2016)[4] 23,134
Demonym(s) Lawisanon
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6053
IDD:area code +63 (0)32
Income class 4th class
PSGC 072228000
Website elgu.ncc.gov.ph/ecommunity/madridejos-cebu/

Madridejos is a 4th municipal income class municipality on Bantayan Island in the province of Cebu, Philippines.[2] According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 36,429.[3] In the 2016 election, it had 23,134 registered voters.[4] It is one of the three municipalities that make up the island of Bantayan, which lies to the west of the northern tip of Cebu. It is bounded to the south by the municipality of Bantayan, and on all other sides by the Visayan Sea.

There is a light station – LS Madridejos[5] – about 50 metres (160 ft) north of the mean highwater mark at Kota point 11°18′08″N 123°43′45″E / 11.30222°N 123.72917°E / 11.30222; 123.72917.

History[edit]

Ruins of Kota at Madridejos founded in 1630 by Lázaro Mangubat

Lawis was the old name of Madridejos. Even today people still use the name "Lawis", meaning "promontory", the portion carved out to constitute the municipality of Madridejos being the peninsula located on the northern side of Bantayan island facing the Visayan Sea.

During the time of governor Sebastián Hurtado de Corcuera (1635–1644), the Visayas were continually harassed by the Moros, who wreaked dreadful havoc, capturing, massacring, robbing, sacking churches, and burning everything there was.

The kota (cota or cuta = fort) was built in 1630 by Lázaro Mangubat. Blowing of the budyong [a] served as signal of the coming of the Moros. A watch tower was built in Kaongkod, a barrio about (4 kilometres (2.5 mi)) from the fort. It is the place from where the approach of the Moros could easily be seen, to give a timely warning to the townsfolk of their coming. All watchtowers on Bantayan where built by Fr. Doroteo Andrada del Rosario, parish priest of Bantayan in the 19th century[not in citation given] (Moro attacks were worst around 1840s).

The general scenery of Lawis was that of a quiet place, of virgin grounds covered by small shrubs and lantana. When more people discovered Lawis and flocked to it, the place became a visita.[6]

In 1917 barrio Lawis became a town named Madridejos.[7] This was the name given to the third town of Bantayan island in honour of Benito Romero de Madridejos the former archbishop of Cebu.[b] The town's feast day is celebrated annually on 8 December.

Immaculate Conception parish church[edit]

In the year 1600s, before Madridejos was made into a town, there was a barrio called Lawis at the tip of Bantayan island. In this barrio was a chapel built by the Augustinians who also built the parish church of Bantayan in the year 1580.[c]

The chapel was located within the Spanish fort near the seashore. Inside the chapel, there was a framed picture of La Virgen Purisima Concepcion which was the object of devotion and before which the Holy Rosary was prayed every afternoon. Once a month and during church feasts, the chapel was visited by the priest of Bantayan to say mass and celebrate its annual feast.

In the 1700s there was an image of La Virgen Purisima carved in the Island from batikuling wood. It was 16 inches (41 centimetres) tall and was placed on the altar of the first chapel built by the Augustinian priests near the seashore of barrio Lawis. Folklore say there would be times when the clothes of the image were wet and damp although there was no rain, and was full of amorseko (crab grass) [d] – a kind of weed in the fields. During the time of the El Tor epidemic a beautiful lady was observed ministering to the sick mountain folks.

Since olden times, every October the Virgin is brought in a fluvial procession and the Holy Rosary is prayed. The feast was celebrated every eight day of December, until Lawis became a parish in the year 1928.

Second World War[edit]

  • 1942 - occupation by Japanese Imperial forces.
  • 1945 - liberation by the Philippine Commonwealth troops of the 3rd, 8th, 81st, 82nd & 83rd Infantry Divisions of the Philippine Commonwealth Army which landed in Madridejos at the front of battles against Japanese forces in the Battle of Bantayan.[citation needed] The built of the general headquarters of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was stationed in Madridejos and active from 1945 to 1946 during and after the war.[citation needed]
Further information: Victor II

Barangays[edit]

Madridejos comprises 14 barangays:

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[10]
072228001 Bunakan 5.2% 1,888 1,870 +0.18%     
072228002 Kangwayan 3.0% 1,083 1,071 +0.21%     
072228003 Kaongkod 9.5% 3,454 3,088 +2.16%     
072228004 Kodia 5.7% 2,077 2,071 +0.06%     
072228005 Maalat 6.1% 2,212 2,042 +1.53%     
072228006 Malbago 7.1% 2,593 2,583 +0.07%     
072228007 Mancilang 13.5% 4,934 4,662 +1.09%     
072228009 Pili 6.7% 2,449 2,153 +2.48%     
072228010 Poblacion 9.6% 3,509 3,768 −1.35%     
072228011 San Agustin 6.6% 2,399 2,201 +1.65%     
072228012 Tabagak 5.3% 1,919 1,874 +0.45%     
072228013 Talangnan 9.0% 3,294 3,645 −1.91%     
072228014 Tarong 7.9% 2,879 2,212 +5.15%     
072228015 Tugas 4.8% 1,739 1,665 +0.83%     
Total 36,429 34,905 +0.82%


Mancilang: 4,662 (13.8%) Poblacion: 3,768 (11.1%) Talangnan: 3,645 (10.8%) Kaongkod: 3,088 (9.1%) Malbago: 2,583 (7.6%) Tarong: 2,212 (6.5%) San Agustin: 2,201 (6.5%) Pili: 2,153 (6.4%) Kodia: 2,071 (6.1%) Maalat: 2,042 (6.0%) Tabagak: 1,874 (5.5%) Bunakan: 1,870 (5.5%) Tugas: 1,665 (4.9%)Circle frame.svg

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Madridejos
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 18,865 —    
1990 25,746 +3.16%
1995 26,506 +0.55%
2000 29,020 +1.96%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2007 30,673 +0.77%
2010 34,905 +4.82%
2015 36,429 +0.82%
Source: Philippine Statistics Office[3][10][11]

In the 2016 election, it had 23,134 registered voters, meaning that 64% of the population are aged 18 and over.[4]

Economy[edit]

Fishing fleet leaving Madridejos, early evening.
Beach and walkway at Kota Point, with the light station visible past the end of the walkway.

The main industries of Madridejos are fishing, poultry and tourism.

Because of its rich fishing grounds, Madridejos earned the name of "Little Alaska of the Philippines": the first canning factory in the country was established here, but it lost its sustaining impact in the history of the municipality after it was bombed during World War II. At present, poultry-raising is a growing industry and Madridejos provides a substantial quantity of eggs produced for sale to the neighboring provinces.

Madridejos also hosts a fairly substantial tertiary college – Salazar College.[12]

There are two radio stations:

  • Bag-ong Adlaw DYCM-FM 99.0 MHz
  • Radyo Natin DYEE-FM 102.9 MHz

Transportation[edit]

Madridejos can be reached by boat from Cebu City via Santa Fe with 75-minutes ferry service to San Remigio (Hagnaya) via Island Shipping or SuperShuttle Ferry. Bus (jeepney) travel to Madridejos via the municipality of Bantayan takes about one hour.

There are currently NO overnight boats from Cebu City to Bantayan Island, nor are there any scheduled commercial air flights. Private air companies occasionally fly smaller Cessna and Piper aircraft into Bantayan Airport.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ horn – could be a conch shell or the horn of a carabao
  2. ^ Benito Romero O.F.M. (appointed 28 January 1876 - died 4 November 1885)
  3. ^ Thanks to: Rev. Fr. Cristobal Garcia at the Cebu Metropolitan Cathedral, to whom this written history was submitted, as required by the Archdiocese of Cebu, on the occasion of the solemn processional of the thirty nine (39) images with the titles of "La Virgin Purisima" joining the said procession of the International Marian Year.
  4. ^ Formal description at Kew,[8]description with photographs [9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Municipal: Madridejos, Cebu". PSA. Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  5. ^ Philippine Coast Guard - LIGHTSTATIONS - CENTRAL EASTERN VISAYAS
  6. ^ Spicer 1967.
  7. ^ Lavilles 1965, p. 91.
  8. ^ Clayton et al. 2002.
  9. ^ Galinato, Moody & Piggin 1999.
  10. ^ a b "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  11. ^ "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)". Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007): Total Population by Province, City and Municipality (Report). NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  12. ^ "SCSIT – Salazar Colleges and Institute of Technology". scsit.edu.ph. Retrieved 7 January 2015. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]