Madrilenian regional election, 2011

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Madrilenian regional election, 2011
Community of Madrid
← 2007 22 May 2011 2015 →

All 129 seats in the Assembly of Madrid
65 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered 4,622,750 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3.7%
Turnout 2,993,235 (65.9%)
Red Arrow Down.svg1.4 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Esperanza Aguirre (cropped).jpg Tomás Gómez (2012) (cropped).jpg Gregorio Gordo Pradel político Izquierda Unida (IU) (cropped).jpg
Leader Esperanza Aguirre Tomás Goméz Gregorio Gordo
Party PP PSOE IUCMLV
Leader since 16 October 2002 27 July 2007 20 March 2009
Leader's seat Madrid Madrid Madrid
Last election 67 seats, 53.3% 42 seats, 33.6% 11 seats, 8.9%
Seats won 72 36 13
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg5 Red Arrow Down.svg6 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2
Popular vote 1,548,306 786,297 287,707
Percentage 51.7% 26.3% 9.6%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg1.6 pp Red Arrow Down.svg7.3 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.7 pp

  Fourth party
  Luis de Velasco Rami 2011b (cropped).jpg
Leader Luis de Velasco Rami
Party UPyD
Leader since 23 October 2010
Leader's seat Madrid
Last election Did not contest
Seats won 8
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg8
Popular vote 189,055
Percentage 6.3%
Swing New party

President before election

Esperanza Aguirre
PP

Elected President

Esperanza Aguirre
PP

The 2011 Madrilenian regional election was held on Sunday, 22 May 2011, to elect the 9th Assembly of the Community of Madrid. All 129 seats in the Assembly were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in 12 other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.

The election was won by the People's Party (PP), which had formed the regional government since the 1995 election. Overall, the PP under incumbent President Esperanza Aguirre won 72 seats, although the party's overall vote share decreased. In contrast, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) under former Mayor of Parla Tomás Goméz had their worst result in terms of votes and seats up until that date. The third largest party, United Left (IU), polled their highest share of the vote since 1995, whereas Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD), a party formed after the 2007 election, surpassed the 5% threshold and entered the Assembly for the first time.

Electoral system[edit]

The 129 members of the Assembly of Madrid were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 per 100 of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied regionally. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. The Assembly was entitled to one member per each 50,000 inhabitants or fraction greater than 25,000, according to the updated data of the population census.[1][2] Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen, registered in the Community of Madrid and in full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Madrilenians abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure at least the signature of 0.5 per 100 of the electors entered in electoral register of the Community of Madrid. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days from the election call.[1][4][5]

Elections were fixed for the fourth Sunday of May every four years. The President of the Community of Madrid had the prerogative to dissolve the Assembly and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process, no nationwide election was due and some time requirements were met—namely, that dissolution did not occur either during the first legislative session or within the legislature's last year ahead of its scheduled expiry, nor before one year had elapsed since a previous dissolution—. Additionally, the chamber was to be automatically dissolved and a new election called if an investiture process failed to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot. Any snap election held as a result of these circumstances would not alter the period to the next ordinary election, with elected deputies merely serving out what remained of their four-year terms.[2][4]

Opinion polls[edit]

Individual poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If that date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance of a tie, the figures with the highest percentages are shaded. in the case of seat projections, they are displayed in bold and in a different font. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. 65 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Assembly of Madrid (61 until 1 January 2010).

Color key:

  Exit poll

Results[edit]

Summary of the 22 May 2011 Assembly of Madrid election results
MadridAssemblyDiagram2011.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 1,548,306 51.73 –1.56 72 +5
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 786,297 26.27 –7.30 36 –6
United Left of the Community of MadridThe Greens (IUCM–LV) 287,707 9.61 +0.75 13 +2
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 189,055 6.32 New 8 +8
Blank ballots 71,458 2.39 +0.66
Total 2,993,236 100.00 129 +9
Valid votes 2,993,236 98.32 –1.23
Invalid votes 51,113 1.68 +1.23
Votes cast / turnout 3,044,349 65.86 –1.45
Abstentions 1,578,401 34.14 +1.45
Registered voters 4,622,750
Source(s): Assembly of Madrid, historiaelectoral.com
Popular vote
PP
  
51.73%
PSOE
  
26.27%
IUCMLV
  
9.61%
UPyD
  
6.32%
Others
  
3.69%
Blank ballots
  
2.39%
Seats
PP
  
55.81%
PSOE
  
27.91%
IUCMLV
  
10.08%
UPyD
  
6.20%

Aftermath[edit]

Investiture[edit]

Investiture processes to elect the President of the Community of Madrid required for an absolute majority—more than half the votes cast—to be obtained in the first ballot. If unsuccessful, a new ballot would be held 48 hours later requiring only of a simple majority—more affirmative than negative votes—to succeed. If such majorities were not achieved, successive candidate proposals would be processed under the same procedure. In the event of the investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Assembly would be automatically dissolved and a snap election called.[2]

Investiture of
Esperanza Aguirre (PP)
Yes No Abstentions
15 June 2011 (1st ballot)
(65/129 required)
72 PP (72) 57 PSOE (36)
IU–CM (13)
UPyD (8)
0
Source: historiaelectoral.com

On 17 September 2012, Esperanza Aguirre announced her resignation as President of the Community of Madrid, being succeeded by Ignacio González González.

Investiture of
Ignacio González (PP)
Yes No Abstentions
26 September 2012 (1st ballot)
(65/129 required)
72 PP (72) 53 PSOE (34)
IU–CM (11)
UPyD (8)
0
Source: historiaelectoral.com

Opinion poll sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Mayoría absoluta del PP en Comunidad y Ayuntamiento y UPyD accede a las instituciones". Telemadrid (in Spanish). 2011-05-22. 
  2. ^ "Esperanza Aguirre seguiría imbatible y UPyD podría entrar en la Asamblea de Madrid". ForoCoches (in Spanish). 2011-05-16. 
  3. ^ "El PSOE se hunde en Madrid mientras el PP aumenta su mayoría absoluta". El País (in Spanish). 2011-05-02. 
  4. ^ "El PP aumenta su mayoría absoluta en la Comunidad de Madrid (El País)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 2011-05-02. Archived from the original on 2011-05-04. 
  5. ^ "El PP amplía su mayoría absoluta en Madrid". Telemadrid (in Spanish). 2011-04-28. Archived from the original on 2011-05-01. 
  6. ^ "El escándalo del 'caso Gürtel' no pasa factura electoral a Aguirre". Público (in Spanish). 2011-05-02. Archived from the original on 2011-08-26. 
  7. ^ "El PP lograría la mayoría absoluta en la Comunidad de Madrid y en Sevilla". Antena 3 (in Spanish). 2011-05-02. Archived from the original on 2011-05-05. 
  8. ^ "Los cuatro inexpugnables". La Razón (in Spanish). 2011-04-25. 
  9. ^ "Esperanza Aguirre conseguiría su tercera mayoría absoluta, más amplia que las dos anteriores". ForoCoches (in Spanish). 2011-04-25. 
  10. ^ "El PP logrará más de la mitad de los votos". ABC (in Spanish). 2011-04-25. 
  11. ^ "Barómetro electoral autonómico" (PDF). Celeste-Tel (in Spanish). 2011-05-09. 
  12. ^ "Preelectoral elecciones autonómicas y municipales 2011. Comunidad de Madrid y Ciudad de Madrid (Estudio nº 2871. Marzo-Abril 2011)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 2011-05-05. 
  13. ^ "El PSOE madrileño cosecharía el peor resultado de su historia". Intereconomía (in Spanish). 2011-05-08. Archived from the original on 2011-05-10. 
  14. ^ "IU crece a costa del PSOE en la Comunidad de Madrid (La Gaceta)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 2011-05-08. Archived from the original on 2011-05-11. 
  15. ^ "Esperanza Aguirre arrasa al 'Invictus' Tomás Gómez". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2011-04-25. 
  16. ^ "El PP de Aguirre bate récord y dobla al PSM de Gómez". La Razón (in Spanish). 2011-02-28. 
  17. ^ "El PP lograría la mayoría absoluta más holgada de su historia en la Comunidad de Madrid (La Razón)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 2011-02-28. Archived from the original on 2011-03-03. 
  18. ^ "Aguirre supera el triunfo histórico de 2007". La Razón (in Spanish). 2011-02-07. 
  19. ^ "UPyD podría irrumpir con 6 escaños en la Asamblea de Madrid (La Razón)". Electómetro (in Spanish). 2011-02-07. Archived from the original on 2011-02-08. 
  20. ^ "El PP aumenta su mayoría en la Comunidad de Madrid y gana al PSOE por 24,7 puntos". ABC (in Spanish). 2011-01-13. 
  21. ^ "Aguirre arrasa otra vez y aumenta su ventaja con el PSOE". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2011-01-06. 
  22. ^ "Esperanza Aguirre conserva la mayoría absoluta y Tomás Gómez mejora". El País (in Spanish). 2010-12-09. 
  23. ^ "Aguirre arrasa a Tomás Gómez". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2010-06-01. 
  24. ^ "El tirón electoral de Trinidad Jiménez supera al de Gómez". El País (in Spanish). 2010-09-12. 
  25. ^ "Aguirre arrasa a Tomás Gómez". El Confidencial (in Spanish). 2010-08-05. 
  26. ^ "La apuesta de Zapatero se hunde y Aguirre refuerza su mayoría absoluta". El Mundo (in Spanish). 2010-06-01. 
  27. ^ "Aguirre mejora su imagen de líder". El País (in Spanish). 2010-05-02. 
  28. ^ "Aguirre pierde ventaja". Público (in Spanish). 2010-04-19. Archived from the original on 2011-05-21. 
  29. ^ "El PP de Madrid lograría hoy la mayoría absoluta pese a los escándalos". El País (in Spanish). 2009-05-02. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Community of Madrid Electoral Law of 1986, Law No. 11 of November 16, 1986 Official Gazette of the Community of Madrid (in Spanish). Retrieved on 22 February 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Statute of Autonomy of the Community of Madrid of 1983, Organic Law No. 3 of February 25, 1983 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 22 February 2017.
  3. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  4. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.