Madulain

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Madulain
Madulain.jpg
Coat of arms of Madulain
Coat of arms
Madulain is located in Switzerland
Madulain
Madulain
Madulain is located in Canton of Graubünden
Madulain
Madulain
Coordinates: 46°35′N 9°56′E / 46.583°N 9.933°E / 46.583; 9.933Coordinates: 46°35′N 9°56′E / 46.583°N 9.933°E / 46.583; 9.933
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Maloja
Area[1]
 • Total 16.28 km2 (6.29 sq mi)
Elevation 1,697 m (5,568 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 229
 • Density 14/km2 (36/sq mi)
Postal code 7523
SFOS number 3783
Surrounded by Bever, La Punt-Chamues-ch, Pontresina, S-chanf, Zuoz
Website www.madulain.ch
SFSO statistics

Madulain (About this sound [mɐduˈlaɪ̯n] ) is a municipality in the Maloja Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Madulain is first mentioned around 1137-39 as Madulene.[3]

Guardaval Castle was built near the village of Madulain in the 13th century to administer the estates of the Bishop of Chur in the Upper Engadine. In 1409 the Bishop had to pledge the castle to the League of God's House to pay off some of his debts. Under the League, the castle was no longer an administrative center and was abandoned, falling into ruin.[4]

Geography[edit]

Madulain in the winter

Madulain has an area, (as of the 2004/09 survey) of 16.28 km2 (6.29 sq mi).[1] Of this area, about 30.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 14.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and 52.2% is unproductive land. In the 2004/09 survey a total of 13 ha (32 acres) or about 0.8% of the total area was covered with buildings, an increase of 6 ha (15 acres) over the 1985 amount. Over the same time period, the amount of recreational space in the municipality increased by 14 ha (35 acres) and is now about 0.98% of the total area. Of the agricultural land, 74 ha (180 acres) is fields and grasslands and 473 ha (1,170 acres) consists of alpine grazing areas. Since 1985 the amount of agricultural land has decreased by 45 ha (110 acres). Over the same time period the amount of forested land has increased by 9 ha (22 acres). Rivers and lakes cover 23 ha (57 acres) in the municipality.[5][6]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Oberengadin sub-district of the Maloja district, after 2017 it was part of the Maloja Region.[7] It is the smallest of the eleven municipalities in the district. It is located in the upper Engadin valley between La Punt-Chamues-ch and Zuoz about 15 minutes from St. Moritz on the Inn River. It consists of the Haufendorf village (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) of Madulain on the Inn at an elevation of 1,684 m (5,525 ft). Until 1943 Madulain was known as Madulein.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Madulain has a population (as of December 2015) of 229.[2] As of 2014, 32.3% of the population are resident foreign nationals. In 2015 a small minority (22 or 9.6% of the population) was born in Italy a small minority (27 or 11.8% of the population) was born in Portugal.[9] Over the last 4 years (2010-2014) the population has changed at a rate of 19.59%. The birth rate in the municipality, in 2014, was 13.1, while the death rate was 13.1 per thousand residents.[6]

As of 2014, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 17.7% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) are 65.5% of the population and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 16.8%.[6] In 2015 there were 86 single residents, 116 people who were married or in a civil partnership, 8 widows or widowers and 19 divorced residents.[10]

In 2014 there were 109 private households in Madulain with an average household size of 2.13 persons. Of the 94 inhabited buildings in the municipality, in 2000, about 34.0% were single family homes and 41.5% were multiple family buildings. Additionally, about 19.1% of the buildings were built before 1919, while 29.8% were built between 1991 and 2000.[11] In 2013 there was no new construction in the municipality. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2015, was 0.94%.[6]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[12]

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (53.9%), with Romansh being second most common (22.2%) and Italian being third (17.2%).[13] Currently, a minority of the population speaks the Upper-Engadin Romansh dialect of Puter, though until the early 19th Century the entire village spoke it. Due to increasing trade with the outside world, Romansh usage began to decline. In 1880, 68% named Romansh as their native language in the Swiss census, while in 1900 it was only 55% and by 1910 there were 36 native Romansh speakers and 47 native German speakers. However, during World War II the majority language switched several times. In 1941 the village was 50% Romansh speaking. By 1970 German was again the majority. In 1990, 27.5% named Romansh as their language of best command, with 50.8% naming it as a habitually spoken language, while in 2000 it was the language of best command for 22.2% and a habitually spoken language for 42.8%.

Languages in Madulain (1980: native language; 1990-2000: language of best command)
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 42 44.68% 48 40.00% 97 53.89%
Romansh 35 37.23% 33 27.50% 40 22.22%
Italian 15 15.96% 28 23.33% 31 17.22%
Population 94 100% 120 100% 180 100%

Politics[edit]

In the 2015 federal election the most popular party was the SVP with 27.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (24.0%), the GLP (16.0%) and the FDP (14.7%). In the federal election, a total of 76 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 55.9%. The 2015 election saw a large change in the voting when compared to 2011. The percentage of the vote received by the SVP increased sharply from 18.8% in 2011 to 27.2% in 2015[14]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 38.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (37%), the FDP (12.2%) and the CVP (10.2%).[13]

Education[edit]

In Madulain about 71.2% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[13]

Economy[edit]

Madulain is classed as a semitourist community.[15]

As of 2014, there were a total of 77 people employed in the municipality. Of these, a total of 15 people worked in 5 businesses in the primary economic sector. The secondary sector employed 9 workers in 4 separate businesses. Finally, the tertiary sector provided 53 jobs in 23 businesses.[16]

In 2015 the average cantonal, municipal and church tax rate in the municipality for a couple with two children making 80,000 SFr. was 3.3% and the rate for a single person making 150,000 SFr. was 14.1%. The canton has an average tax rate for those making 80,000 SFr. and an average rate for those making 150,000 SFr.. In 2013 the average income in the municipality per tax payer was 51,954 SFr. and the per person average was 44,630 SFr., which is less than the cantonal average of 69,964 SFr. but greater than the per person amount of 33,075 SFr.. It is also less than the national per tax payer average of 82,682 SFr. but greater than the per person average of 35,825 SFr.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ Madulain in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Guardaval in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ "Arealstatistik Land Use - Gemeinden nach 10 Klassen". http://www.landuse-stat.admin.ch. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 24 November 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.  External link in |website= (help)
  6. ^ a b c d Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Regional portraits accessed 27 October 2016
  7. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  8. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  9. ^ Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (Land) accessed 31 October 2016
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geschlecht, Zivilstand und Geburtsort (German) accessed 8 September 2016
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Thema 09 - Bau- und Wohnungswesen (German) accessed 5 May 2016
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 27 April 2016
  13. ^ a b c Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 20 October 2009
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Nationalratswahlen 2015: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung nach Gemeinden (German) accessed 18 July 2016
  15. ^ "Die Raumgliederungen der Schweiz 2016" (in German, French, Italian, and English). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 17 February 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  16. ^ Federal Statistical Office -Arbeitsstätten und Beschäftigte nach Gemeinde, Wirtschaftssektor und Grössenklasse accessed 31 October 2016
  17. ^ "18 - Öffentliche Finanzen > Steuern". Swiss Atlas. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 

External links[edit]