Madurai Adheenam is the oldest Saivite mutt or aadheenam (mutt) in South India established more than 1,300 years ago, and is said to have been rejuvenated by Thirugnana Sambandar. It is located near the famous Meenakshi Amman Temple in Madurai, which is one of the most famous Siva-Shakthi shrines in the world. It is an active centre of Saiva Siddhanta philosophy. It is currently headed by Srila Sri Arunagirinatha Gnanasambantha Desika Paramacharya - who is the 292nd Guru Maha Sannidhanam or Pontiff of the Aadheenm.
On APRIL 22, 2016, V. Thirunavukarasu from Pillaiyarpatti has been anointed successor to the present head of Madurai Adheenam, the centuries-old Saivite institution and assumed the name of Kumara Sundara Gnanasambanda Desika Paramacharya.
The adheenam is the hereditary trustee of four temples in Thanjavur District
- Agniswarar Temple, Kanjanur
- Sakshinatheswarar Temple, Thiruppurambiyam
- Kachaneswara Swami Temple, Kachanam
- Pannagaparameswara Swami Temple
- சைவ ஆதீனங்கள் (History of Śaiva Ādīnams), முனைவர் தவத்திரு ஊரான் அடிகள் (Professor Ūrān Adigal), வர்த்தமானன் பதிப்பக வெளியீடு (Vardamāna Publishers), 2002 ப. 545–550
- How to Become a Hindu: A Guide for Seekers and Born Hindus, Sivaya Subramuniyaswami, Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 2002 p. 387