Madurai railway division

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Madurai railway division
Madurai Junction.jpg
Front view of Madurai Junction
Locale Tamil Nadu, India
Dates of operation 1956; 62 years ago (1956)
Predecessor Southern Railways
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
Previous gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Length 1,356 km (843 mi)
Headquarters Madurai
Website Madurai railway division

Madurai railway division is a railway division belonging to the Southern Railways (SR), India. Officially created in 1856, it spans over 1,356 km (843 mi) making it the largest railway division of the Southern Railways.[1] Prior to the formation of the Thiruvananthapuram railway division which was carved out of the division, it was one of the largest railway divisions in the whole of the country. Currently it covers up to 12 districts of Tamil Nadu and 1 in Kerala. Its headquarters is in Madurai.[2]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The first railway line in this region was open in 1857 connecting Madurai to Trichirappalli {Trichy} via Dindigul and onward. In the following year, the railway line from Madurai to the port city of Thoothukudi was completed. In the same year, another line branching off from Vanchi Maniyachchi to Tirunelveli was opened.[1]

Only in the next century, most of the other present lines were completed. Among them were:[1]

  • Madurai-Mandapam line in 1902
  • Tirunelveli-Kallidaikurichi line in 1902
  • Kallidaikurichi-Sengottai line in 1903
  • Kollam-Punalur line in 1904
  • Punalur-Sengottai line in 1904
  • Pamban-Rameswaram line in 1906
  • Pamban-Dhanushkodi line in 1908
  • Mandapam-Pamban line in 1914
  • Virudhunagar-Tenkasi line in 1927
  • Dindigul-Pollachi line in 1928
  • Thiruchirappalli-Pudukkottai line in 1929
  • Pudukkottai-Manamadurai Jn line in 1930

Inception[edit]

The Madurai railway division was formed in 1956, comprising the Ernakulam-Thiruvananthapuram line, Thiruvananthapuram-Nagercoil-Tirunelveli-Madurai line, Kollam-Sengottai-Tirunelveli line, Rameswaram-Manamaadurai-Madurai line, Manamadurai-Karaikudi-Tiruchirappalli line, Madurai-Dindigul-Pollachi line and the other branches of these lines. All lines currently in use have been converted to Broad Gauge while remaining sections namely Madurai-Bodinayakkanur section and Punalur-Sengottai section are in the process of gauge conversion.

In 1979, certain sections of the railway division were carved out to form the Thiruvananthapuram railway division. The Metre Gauge sections of Madurai division were retained, while all the newly laid Broad Gauge Sections of Madurai Division were transferred to Trivandrum Division. Thus, the Thiruvananthapuram-Nagercoil-Kanyakumari BG line, and the under-construction Tirunelveli-Nagercoil BG line were transferred to Trivandrum Division thus bringing down the jurisdiction of the division to 1356 km.[3] It was then mentioned that when the Tirunelveli-Madurai line is converted into BG line the sections falling under Kanyakumari district and Tirunelveli District would be transferred back to Madurai Division. The Tirunelveli-Madurai line was converted into BG line on 8-4-1981 but the railway lines in the southern district haven't been restored till date.Kanyakumari terminal station lacks the required Railway infrastructures and therefore request for more train services were always turned down by them citing the same handicap as the reason.[4]

Administration and jurisdiction[edit]

Th division spans across two states namely Tamil Nadu and Kerala. In Tamil Nadu it serves a total number of 12 districts, those being: Coimbatore, Dindigul, Madurai, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram, Sivagangai, Theni, Tiruppur, Thoothukudi, Tiruchirappalli, Tirunelveli and Virudhunagar districts. In Kerala, the division covers the district of Kollam till Kilikollur railway station.[5]

Categorisation of stations[edit]

The list includes the stations under the Madurai railway division and their station category.[6][7]

Category of station No. of stations Names of stations
A-1 Category 1 Madurai Junction
A Category 9 Kovilpatti, Dindigul Junction, Rameswaram, Tirunelveli Junction , Tuticorin, Virudhunagar Junction Karaikkudi Junction, Manamadurai Junction, Tenkasi Jn,
B Category 6 Arumuganeri, Pudukkottai, Ramanathapuram, Paramakkudi, Sivaganga, Aruppukkottai, Vanchi Maniyachchi Junction railway station
C Category
(Suburban station)
29 Kudalnagar, Samayanallur, Vaadippatti, Silaimaan, Tirumangalam, Tirupparankundram, Vadapalanji, Samayanallur, Madurai East, Tirunelveli Town, Palayankottai, Pettai, Melappalayam, Thalayoothu, Kodai RD, Vellodu, Tamaraippadi, Kallidaikurichi, Kadambur, Tuti Melur, Milavittan, Nazreth, Gangaikondaan, Thattankulam, Narikkinar, Kalligudi, Sivarakkottai, Ambasamudram, Pandiyapuram.
D Category - -
E Category - -
F Category
Halt Station
- -
Total Above 150 -

Stations closed for Passengers -

Performance and Earnings[edit]

The division won the inter-divisional overall efficiency - Best Division - award for its performance and earnings in the financial year of 2013. The total originating earnings for the year 2013-14 is Rs 576.29 crore as against the 2012-13 actual of Rs 523.68 crore leading to a 10% growth in overall earnings. On the punctuality front, the division achieved 96.2% for express and mail trains and 96.8% for passenger trains against the target of 96 per cent. Cash awards and merit certificates were distributed to officers and stations for their performance and maintenance. Railway school students performed cultural events during the celebrations.[8]

Operations and Services[edit]

Regular trains[edit]

No of Trains run Daily Non-Daily
Express 25 34
Passenger 56 0

Special trains[edit]

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 (Up to October)
1965 1848 700

Stations[edit]

Passenger Halts No. of stations
Block stations 101
Flag stations 20
Halt stations 16

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Southern Railways - Madurai railway division" (PDF). Southern Railways, India. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.sr.indianrailways.gov.in/uploads/files/1401881140695-wttmdu.pdf
  3. ^ "Southern Railways - Thiruvananthapuram railway division". Southern Railways, India. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  4. ^ http://164.100.47.132/newdebate/15/12/11122012/Fullday.pdf
  5. ^ "Madurai Division System Map" (PDF). Southern Railway. Retrieved 14 May 2017. 
  6. ^ "Statement showing Category-wise No.of stations in IR based on Pass. earning of 2011" (PDF). Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  7. ^ "PASSENGER AMENITIES - CRITERIA= For Categorisation Of Stations" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  8. ^ "Madurai division records growth in overall earnings". Times of India. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 

External links[edit]