In Lady Killer (1933)
|Born||Violet Mary Klotz
August 16, 1910
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||April 29, 1992
Woodland Hills, California, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Lew Brice (1928-divorced)
Stevens Bancroft (1937-divorced)
Herbert Langdon (1946-divorced)
Mae Clarke (born Violet Mary Klotz; August 16, 1910 – April 29, 1992) was an American actress. She is best remembered for playing Henry Frankenstein's bride Elizabeth Lavenza, who is chased by Boris Karloff, in Frankenstein, and also for having a grapefruit smashed into her face by James Cagney in The Public Enemy. Both films were released in 1931.
Mae Clarke started her professional career as a dancer in New York City, sharing a room with Barbara Stanwyck. She subsequently starred in many films for Universal Studios, including the original screen version of The Front Page (1931) and the first sound version of Frankenstein (1931) with Boris Karloff. Clarke played the role of Henry Frankenstein's fiancée, Elizabeth, who is attacked by the Monster (Karloff), on her wedding day.
The Public Enemy, released that same year, contained one of cinema's most famous (and frequently parodied) scenes, in which James Cagney pushes a half grapefruit into Clarke's face, then goes out to pick up Jean Harlow. The film was so popular that it ran 24 hours a day at a theater in Times Square upon its initial release; Clarke's ex-husband had the grapefruit scene timed and would frequently buy a ticket, enter the theater to again enjoy that sequence, then immediately leave the theater.
Clarke appeared as Myra Deauville in the 1931 pre-Code version of Waterloo Bridge. In the film she portrays a young American woman who is forced by circumstance into a life of prostitution in World War I London; both the film and Clarke's performance were well received by the critics.
In the 1950s and 1960s, Clarke played uncredited bit parts in several notable films, including Singin' in the Rain, The Great Caruso, and Thoroughly Modern Millie. Her last screen appearance was in the 1970 film Watermelon Man.
Personal life and death
Clarke was married and divorced three times: to Fanny Brice's brother Lew Brice, Stevens Bancroft, and Herbert Langdon. All the unions were childless. Early in her career, Clarke and Joan Crawford were roommates, and the two were identified as on-and-off lovers by Jerry Asher, Crawford's close friend and press agent.
- Screen Snapshots (1932)
- Screen Snapshots Series 16, No. 7 (1937)
- FOLKART, BURT A.; STASSEL, STEPHANIE (1992-04-30). "Mae Clarke, Famed for Grapefruit Scene, Dies". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2018-01-02.
- Mae Clarke at AllMovie
- Halliwell 1987, p. 130.
- Madsen 1994, pp. 16–17, 20.
- Clarke 1996, p. back cover.
- Cagney 1981, p. 211.
- Mank, Gregory William (2005-05-17). Women in Horror Films, 1930s. McFarland. ISBN 9780786423347.
- Goldman 1992, pp. 7–10.
- Quirk, Lawrence J. and William Schoell (2002). Joan Crawford: The Essential Biography. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. p. 41. ISBN 978-0813122540. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
- Cagney, James. Cagney by Cagney. New York: Doubleday, 1981. ISBN 978-0385520263.
- Clarke, Mae. Featured Player: An Oral Autobiography of Mae Clarke; Edited With An Introduction by James Curtis. Santa Barbara: Santa Teresa Press, 1996. ISBN 978-0810830448.
- Goldman, Herbert G. Fanny Brice. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. ISBN 978-0-19-535901-5.
- Halliwell, Leslie. Halliwell's Filmgoers Companion (Halliwell's Who's Who in the Movies). New York: Collins Reference, 1997. ISBN 978-0062734785.
- Madsen, Axel. Stanwyck: A Biography. New York: HarperCollins, 1994. ISBN 0-06-017997-X.
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