Mae Sot

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Mae Sot
แม่สอด
City Municipality
Official seal of Mae Sot
Seal
Mae Sot is located in Thailand
Mae Sot
Mae Sot
Location of Mae Sot within Thailand
Coordinates: 16°42′47″N 98°34′29″E / 16.71306°N 98.57472°E / 16.71306; 98.57472Coordinates: 16°42′47″N 98°34′29″E / 16.71306°N 98.57472°E / 16.71306; 98.57472
Country  Thailand
Province Tak Province
Government
 • Type City municipality
Area
 • Total 27.2 km2 (10.5 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 52,350 [1]
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Website http://www.nakhonmaesotcity.go.th

Mae Sot (Thai: แม่สอด, pronounced [mɛ̂ː sɔ̀ːt]; Burmese: မဲဆောက်, [mɛ́ sʰaʊʔ]; Shan: ႄႈသၢႆ, [ɛ sʰaaj]) is a city in western Thailand that shares a border with Burma to the west. It is notable as a trade hub and for its substantial population of Burmese migrants and refugees. The city is part of Tak Province, 87 km from the city of Tak and 509 km from Bangkok. It is home to the district headquarters of Mae Sot District, and is the main gateway between Thailand and Burma. As a result, it has gained notoriety for its trade in gems and teak, as well as black market services such as people trafficking and drugs.

Mae Sot is 492 km northwest of Bangkok.

History[edit]

In 1937 Mae Sot was a local administration, administered by a headman, usually called village headman or village chief (ผู้ใหญ่บ้าน phu yai ban),[2] Its population at the time was approximately 12,000 people. On September 30, 1939 Mae Sot was established as a municipality[3] and governed 27 villages. It was upgraded to a city municipality in 2010.[4]

Geography[edit]

Neighboring districts are Mae Pa tambon administrative organization (TAO) in the north; Mae Tao (TAO) to the south; Mae Pa and Phra That Pha Daeng (TAO) to the east; and Tha Sai Luat Subdistrict Municipality to the west.

Economy[edit]

Rim Moei Market

Trade with Burma constitutes the largest portion of Mae Sot's economy. It has an established market for commodities such as wholesale gems and teak. Most of the town's service industries are supported by Burmese migrants who work in sweat-shops and factories throughout the region. The town also suffers from a black market in illegal smuggling, people trafficking, and narcotics. The Thai-Myanmar Friendship Bridge is the primary gateway for trade with Burma. The border region, several kilometres west from central Mae Sot, includes the Rim Moei Market that deals in imported goods and woodwork.

Climate[edit]

Mae Sot has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Winters are dry and very warm. Temperatures rise until April, which is very hot with the average daily maximum at 36.8 °C (98.2 °F). The monsoon season runs from May to October, with heavy rain and somewhat cooler temperatures during the day, although nights remain warm.

Climate data for เทศบาลนครแม่สอด (2504-2533)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.0
(95)
37.5
(99.5)
39.0
(102.2)
40.5
(104.9)
39.8
(103.6)
35.0
(95)
34.8
(94.6)
35.4
(95.7)
35.8
(96.4)
35.6
(96.1)
35.2
(95.4)
34.4
(93.9)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
33.5
(92.3)
35.6
(96.1)
36.6
(97.9)
33.8
(92.8)
30.6
(87.1)
29.8
(85.6)
29.6
(85.3)
30.8
(87.4)
31.6
(88.9)
30.9
(87.6)
30.0
(86)
31.97
(89.53)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.3
(72.1)
24.8
(76.6)
27.6
(81.7)
29.4
(84.9)
28.0
(82.4)
26.2
(79.2)
25.6
(78.1)
25.5
(77.9)
26.0
(78.8)
26.1
(79)
24.5
(76.1)
22.2
(72)
25.68
(78.23)
Average low °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
16.4
(61.5)
19.6
(67.3)
22.8
(73)
23.9
(75)
23.4
(74.1)
23.1
(73.6)
23.0
(73.4)
23.0
(73.4)
22.2
(72)
19.1
(66.4)
15.2
(59.4)
20.52
(68.93)
Record low °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
9.7
(49.5)
11.8
(53.2)
16.5
(61.7)
19.9
(67.8)
21.1
(70)
20.9
(69.6)
20.5
(68.9)
19.3
(66.7)
14.2
(57.6)
8.4
(47.1)
4.7
(40.5)
4.7
(40.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.5
(0.138)
5.3
(0.209)
6.2
(0.244)
34.9
(1.374)
179.1
(7.051)
256.6
(10.102)
305.2
(12.016)
353.5
(13.917)
174.3
(6.862)
108.0
(4.252)
20.5
(0.807)
3.0
(0.118)
1,450.1
(57.09)
Average precipitation days 1 1 1 5 17 26 27 27 21 14 4 1 145
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department [5]
Source #2: NOAA (mean, extreme temperatures)[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b ส่วนวิจัยและพัฒนาระบบ รูปแบบและโครงสร้าง. "ส่วนวิจัยและพัฒนาระบบ รูปแบบและโครงสร้าง สำนักพัฒนาระบบ รูปแบบและโครงสร้าง กรมส่งเสริมการปกครองท้องถิ่น." [ออนไลน์]. เข้าถึงได้จาก: [1] 2557. สืบค้น 6 กุมภาพันธ์ 2558.
  2. ^ Yudthaphon Vichianin (Aug 5, 2003). "Village Chief Lee". Thai Language Program. University of Hawaii at Manoa. Archived from the original (interactive) on March 20, 2012. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  3. ^ "พระราชกฤษฎีกาจัดตั้งเทศบาลตำบลแม่สอด จังหวัดตาก พุทธศักราช ๒๔๘๒" (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai) 56 (0 ก): 959–962. 1939-09-30. 
  4. ^ "ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนแปลงฐานะเทศบาลเมืองแม่สอด อำเภอแม่สอด จังหวัดตาก เป็นเทศบาลนครแม่สอด" (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai) 127 (พิเศษ 50 ง): 7. 2010-04-21. 
  5. ^ "Mae Sot". Thai Meteorological Department. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "Climate Normals for Mae Sot". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 

External links[edit]

  • Mae Sot travel guide from Wikivoyage