Maeatae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Maeatae were a confederation of tribes who lived probably beyond the Antonine Wall in Roman Britain.

The historical sources are vague as to the exact region they inhabited, though an association is thought to be indicated in the names of two hills with fortifications.[1] Near the summit of Dumyat hill in the Ochils, overlooking Stirling, there are remains of a fort and the name of the hill (in Gaelic Dùn Mhèad) is believed to derive from name meaning the hill of the Maeatae.[2] This prominent hill fort may have marked their northern boundary, while Myot Hill[3] near Falkirk plausibly marks their southern limits.

They appear to have come together as a result of treaties struck between the Roman Empire and the various frontier tribes in the 180s AD under the governorship of Ulpius Marcellus.

In 210 AD they began a serious revolt against the Roman Empire, and again the following year.[4]

The Miathi, mentioned in Adomnán's Life of Columba, probably to be identified with the Southern Picts, have been posited as the same group, their identity seemingly surviving in some form as late as the 6th or 7th centuries AD.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Evans, Nicholas (March 2009). "Royal succession and kingship among the Picts". The Innes Review. Edinburgh University Press (subscription required). 59 (1). doi:10.3366/E0020157X08000140. 
  2. ^ Mann, J C (1974). "THE NORTHERN FRONTIER AFTER A.D. 369". Glasgow Archaeological Journal (subscription required). 3: 40. JSTOR 27923546. 
  3. ^ "Myot Hill". Canmore. Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 9 October 2016. 
  4. ^ Birley, Robin (October 1963). "The Roman Legionary Fortress at Carpow, Perthshire". Scottish Historical Review (subscription required). 42 (134): 131. JSTOR 25528524. 
  5. ^ MacLean, Hector (1872–1906). "The Ancient Peoples of Ireland and Scotland Considered". Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (subscription required): 164. JSTOR 2842234.