|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||BLAENAU FFESTINIOG|
|Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament|
Maentwrog (Welsh pronunciation) is a village and community in the Welsh county of Merionethshire (now part of Gwynedd), lying in the Vale of Ffestiniog just below Blaenau Ffestiniog, within the Snowdonia National Park. The River Dwyryd runs alongside the village. Its population of 585 in 2001 increased to 631 at the 2011 Census. The Community of Maentwrog includes the village of Gellilydan.
Location and transport
The village lies on the A496 between Harlech and Blaenau Ffestiniog, and also on the Roman road Sarn Helen, now classified as the B4410, at the junction with the A487 from Porthmadog, leading to the A470 (to Trawsfynydd and Dolgellau).
Nearby Plas Tan y Bwlch, substantially rebuilt during the 19th century by the rich Oakeley family on the site of a first house probably built in the early 17th century, overlooks the village. Plas Tan y Bwlch has its own halt - Plas Halt - on the Ffestiniog Railway, and nearby Tan-y-Bwlch railway station is the railway's principal intermediate station. The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) stated that Tan-y-Bwlch was the postal town of Maentwrog.
Between 1882 and 1964 the nearest mainline station for passengers was 'Maentwrog Road', some two miles away; the use of "Road" in a station's name was a GWR euphemism for "not near the settlement in the station's name".
Maentwrog means "Twrog's stone" (Welsh maen = stone). According to legend, a giant known as Twrog hurled a boulder from the top of a hill down into the settlement, destroying a pagan altar. This stone is said to be the one located in St Twrog's Church courtyard. It is said that if one rubs this boulder one is fated to return to the village in the future.
The name was already in existence before the 12th Century as, according to a story found in the Mabinogion, Pryderi is buried "at Maen Tyfiawg, above Y Felenrhyd" after being killed by Gwydion in a battle at Y Felenrhyd on the banks of the River Dwyryd about a mile from the town. The boulder supposedly hurled by the giant is also the one said to mark Pryderi's grave. An alternative source, the 'Stanzas of the Graves' from The Black Book of Carmarthen, states that the grave is at Aber Gwenoli  which is located in the woodland now known as Coed Felinrhyd just above Y Felenrhyd.
The church is dedicated to the memory of Twrog, an eminent British saint, who lived in the 5th and 6th Centuries. According to information in St Twrog's Church, based on a late addition to the Bonedd y Saint, there were four brothers and sons of Ithel Hael o Lydaw (Brittany) who came to Wales as Christian missionaries:
- Saint Baglan is the founder and patron saint of Baglan;
- Saint Tanwg is the founder and patron saint of Llandanwg;
- Saint Tegai is the founder and patron saint of Llandegai;
- Saint Twrog is the founder and patron saint of Llandwrog and of Maentwrog.
The village settlement expanded in the 19th century to house workers from local slate mines. Within the village community is the imposing Plas Tan y Bwlch, home of the Snowdonia National Park Study Centre and former residence of the Oakeley family.
Maentwrog hydro-electric power station was opened in 1928, and still produces electricity today. It is supplied by water from Llyn Trawsfynydd, a large man-made reservoir located near the village of Trawsfynydd.
The power station produces electricity for the local Welsh Power network while controlling the level of the water in the lake to protect the local wildlife on the lake shores.
The station has 2 turbine sets, capable of producing approximately 32 MW, the head of water being roughly 180m.
- Edmund Prys, the poet and biblical translator, born in nearby Llandecwyn, was rector between 1572 and 1624 and is buried inside St Twrog's Church.
- Thomas Love Peacock lived at Maentwrog in 1810, and subsequently married Jane Gryffydh, daughter of the parson.
- British astrologer Russell Grant lives in nearby Tan-y-Bwlch.
- Snowdonia National Park Authority - 2001 Census Figures[permanent dead link]
- "Community population 2011". Retrieved 18 May 2015.
- BBC page - Plas Tan y Bwlch
- Genuki history website
- Williams, Martin F.; Lowe, Derek J. (2018). The Bala Branch. Lydney: Lightmoor Press. pp. 140–144. ISBN 978-1-91103-847-4.
- Megalithic Portal website
- Davies (translator), Sioned (2007). The Mabinogion. Oxford: Oxford. p. 51. ISBN 9780192832429.
- The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales
- Pennar (translator), Meirion (1989). The Black Book of Carmarthen. Lampeter: Llanerch. p. 103. ISBN 0947992316.
- Genuki history website
- Quarry Proprietors - The Meirionnydd Quarries
- "Maentwrog Hydroelectric Power Station website". Archived from the original on 3 February 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2009.
- "Edmund Prys". Hymnary.org.
- Thomas Love Peacock, Nicholas A. Joukovsky The Letters of Thomas Love Peacock: 1792-1827 Chronology
- The Journal of The Ffestiniog Railway Society, Issue 201, Page 611, Summer 2008
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maentwrog.|
- GENUKI(tm) page
- Plas Tan y Bwlch - Snowdonia National Park Study Centre
- www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Maentwrog and surrounding area
- for Maentwrog