From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Participant in World War I
Znak odbojové organizace Maffie - verze 1918-1920.png
Logo of Maffia
Active 1914–1918
Ideology independence, espionage, subversion, separatism
Leaders Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Edvard Beneš
Karel Kramář
Milan Rastislav Štefánik
Headquarters Paris
Area of operations  Bohemia
Size over 200 members
Allies Allied Powers
Czechoslovak National Council
Czechoslovak Legion
Opponents Central Powers

Maffia (Maffie or Mafie in Czech) was a secret organization acting during World War I. It was founded after emigration of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk in 1914 by Czech politician Edvard Beneš, who later became second president of Czechoslovakia, and others main anti-royalist (Karel Kramář, Alois Rašín, Josef Scheiner and Přemysl Šámal). Maffia was based on the principles of Sicilian Mafia (name "Maffia"), it was central part of the First Czechoslovak Resistance and its main objective was to overthrow the Emperor of Austria and the disintegration of his country. Maffia plot against Austria-Hungary and Central Powers was revealed by police in 1915, some members of Maffia (Karel Kramář, Alois Rašín, Vincent Červinka and Josef Zamazal) were arrested and sentenced to death (they were later amnestied by emperor Charles I.) and Edvard Beneš escaped from Austria-Hungary to Switzerland, but subversive activities of Maffia continued, under the leadership of Přemysl Šámal, until the end of the First World War. Maffia had over 200 members and it was supported from aboard (US, Italy etc.).