Magahat language

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Southern Binukidnon
Native toPhilippines
Native speakers
7,600 (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3mtw

Magahat (also called Southern Binukidnon) is a Central Philippine language of the mountains of Negros in the Philippines that has been strongly influenced by Cebuano and Hiligaynon. It is similar to Karolanos, but otherwise of uncertain affiliation. Lobel (2013)[3] suggests that it is a Bisayan language.


Oracion (1974)[4] reported a Magahat population of just under 400 people in Basay, Negros Oriental. Dantes (2015)[5] reported a Magahat population of 2,478 individuals.

According to the Ethnologue, Magahat is spoken in the Mount Arniyo area near Bayawan, upper Tayaban, Tanjay, Santa Catalina, and Siaton municipalities in southern Negros Oriental Province, located just west of Dumaguete City.

Sound changes[edit]

Lobel (2013: 39, 249, 273)[3] reports that Southern Binukidnon is a Bisayan language that has some unique sound changes, such as Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *l > zero and the preservation of Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *-h in coda positions.


  1. ^ Magahat at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Southern Binukidnon". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Lobel, Jason William. 2013. Philippine and North Bornean languages: issues in description, subgrouping, and reconstruction. Ph.D. dissertation. Manoa: University of Hawai'i at Manoa.
  4. ^ Oracion, Timoteo S. (1974). "The Magahats of Southern Negros, Philippines: Problems and Prospects". Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society. 2 (1/2): 38–46. JSTOR 29791118.
  5. ^ Dantes, Edmundo. 2015. Anthropology Development in Negros Oriental.