Magalang

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Magalang
Municipality
Municipality of Magalang
Downtown area
Downtown area
Official seal of Magalang
Seal
Nickname(s): Sweet Tamarind Capital of The Philippines
Motto(s): ONE MAGALANG!, Metung King Panyulung!
Map of Pampanga with Magalang highlighted
Map of Pampanga with Magalang highlighted
Magalang is located in Philippines
Magalang
Magalang
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°13′N 120°40′E / 15.22°N 120.67°E / 15.22; 120.67Coordinates: 15°13′N 120°40′E / 15.22°N 120.67°E / 15.22; 120.67
Country  Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Pampanga
District 1st District
Founded April 30, 1605
Barangays 27 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Maria Lourdes P. Lacson
 • Vice Mayor Norman L. Lacson
 • Electorate 53,948 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 97.32 km2 (37.58 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 113,147
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2011
PSGC 035411000
IDD:area code +63 (0)45
Climate type Tropical monsoon climate
Income class 1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱) 217,248,639.43 (2016)

Magalang, officially the Municipality of Magalang, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 113,147 people.[3]

Magalang is part of the First Congressional District of Pampanga where Angeles City and Mabalacat City are also included.

History[edit]

Magalang was mentioned as visita of nearby town of Arayat in December 29, 1598. In April 30, 1605, it was separated by the Augustinians from Arayat and attained township status due to bajo de la campana system. Augustinians appointed Fr. Gonzalo de Salazar, OSA as the first pastor. Magalang was initially called Magalo derived from Kapampangan word "Galo" which is means, wavy and moving; describing the dangerous water flows of Parua River. The town proper was located in Macapsa, however due to the natural calamities and revolts led by Andres Malong and his subordinate Melchor de Vera against the Spanish in 1660, it was nearly abandoned. It was moved to San Bartolome in 1734 until it was swept by the flood due to the overflow of Parua River in 1863. Transferred to the present site in barrio San Pedro Talimunduc on December 13, 1863 led by the parish priest, Fr. Ignacio Manzanares, OSA and some of the members of principalia including Pablo M. Luciano, gobernadorcillo of Magalang at that time. In 1885, the agricultural experiment station, La Granja Modelo de Luzon was transferred from San Isidro, Nueva Ecija to the foothills in Mt. Arayat; in which become the present Pampanga State Agricultural University. The revolutionary government took over the local government on June 12, 1898 led by General Francisco Macabulos and Colonel Lorenzo D. Camaya; and during that time, Magalang was one of the revolutionary centers in Pampanga due to its proximity to Camansi, a revolutionaries' headquarters located in Mt. Arayat. The forces of Major General Servillano Aquino defended Magalang against Americans until it was successfully captured on November 5, 1899 led by Major General Arthur MacArthur and Colonel Jacob H. Smith. On January 1, 1942, Japanese forces defeated the Filipino-American forces composed of Igorot troops led by Major Helmert Duisterhof and Capt. Russell W. Volckmann; paving away for the capture of Magalang. It was liberated by the 148th Infantry of 37th Division, US Army with the help of Hukbalahap on January 25, 1945. It was one of the hotbeds of Huk insurgency until the rebellion crushed in 1954. On December 30, 1963, Mayor Benedicto T. Dayrit was assassinated by the alleged men of Commander Sumulong during the annual night ball of Mountain Side Club in town plaza. In 1968, Mayor Daniel T. Lacson was sworn as mayor of Magalang until his term was ended in 1986. During the tenure of Mayor Pastor Z. Guiao, Magalang was awarded as one of the cleanliest municipality in the Philippines. Mayor Maria Lourdes P. Lacson was sworn as mayor of Magalang in June 30, 2016; the first woman mayor of Magalang.[4]

Barangays[edit]

Magalang is politically subdivided into 27 barangays, listed here with its population as of May 1, 2010, with total of 103,597 and 55,061 registered voters.

Barangay Population
(2010)
Rural/Urban
Camias
1,721
Rural
Dolores
1,579
Rural
San Antonio
1,679
Rural
San Agustin
2,728
Rural
Navaling
1,371
Rural
La Paz
1,682
Rural
Escaler
1,525
Rural
San Francisco
4,878
Rural
San Ildefonso
6,532
Rural
San Isidro
22,803
Rural
San Jose
2,760
Rural
San Miguel
2,352
Rural
San Nicolas 1st (Poblacion)
3,263
Urban
San Nicolas 2nd
3,535
Urban
San Pablo (Poblacion)
2,917
Urban
San Pedro I
1,761
Urban
San Pedro II
4,046
Urban
San Roque
2,360
Rural
San Vicente
3,407
Rural
Santa Cruz (Poblacion)
6,272
Urban
Santa Lucia
8,563
Urban
Santa Maria
2,499
Rural
Santo Niño
3,215
Rural
Santo Rosario
3,910
Rural
Bucanan
1,665
Rural
Turu
1,516
Rural
Ayala
3,058
Rural

Brgy. San Francisco[edit]

The present official name of the barrio is San Francisco. It was formerly called "Batiauan" because it was the only barrio of this town which had a watchtower during the Spanish regime. It is one of the largest barrios of Magalang.

Brgy. San Nicolas[edit]

From the beginning it has always been named San Nicolas. The barrio has no sitios. In 1868 it was separated from the barrio of San Pedro which at that time comprised the whole town. It was separated from the barrio of San Pedro through the efforts of the late Don Nicolas Tapnio, one of the first residents of the place. He gave the name to the barrio in honor of his patron saint, St. Nicolas. Brgy San Nicolas is divided into two, San Nicolas Uno (one) and San Nicolas Dos (2), with San Nicolas Dos to be found closer to the Municipal Hall, the Public Hospital of Balitucan, and the Municipal Sports Gym.

Brgy. San Pedro[edit]

It has always been called San Pedro ever since; no popular name was attached to it; and it has no sitios. However, it is believed it then comprised what are known as barrios San Nicolas and Sta. Cruz.

Brgy. Sta. Cruz[edit]

Formerly this barrio was named "Alasas", Sta. Cruz due to many "alasas" leaves that covered both sides of a small stream running across the barrio. The barrio was established in the year 1880. The original founders of the barrio were Don Pablo Luciano, Jacinto Catap, Alberto Maniago, Domingo David and Estanislao Dayrit.

Brgy. San Agustin[edit]

The present day of the barrio is San Agustin. It is popularly known as Dapa, meaning to lay down flat on the ground. This was the order of the lieutenant of the revolutionary forces to his soldiers.

Brgy. San Pablo[edit]

The barrio has three sitios, namely Talimunduc a Maragul, Talimunduc a Malati and Cubul. Talimunduc a malati was called such because there were only very few houses in the place. The popular name of the barrio is Talimunduc a maragul meaning a highland. When these three sitios were separated, from their mother barrio San Agustin it was named San Pablo in honor of Capitan Pablo Luciano.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Magalang
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 8,516—    
1918 9,780+0.93%
1939 16,634+2.56%
1948 13,049−2.66%
1960 18,626+3.01%
1970 26,342+3.52%
1975 31,462+3.63%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 34,840+2.06%
1990 43,940+2.35%
1995 52,607+3.43%
2000 77,530+8.67%
2007 98,595+3.37%
2010 103,597+1.82%
2015 113,147+1.69%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

In the 2015 census, the population of Magalang, Pampanga, was 113,147 people,[3] with a density of 1,200 inhabitants per square kilometre or 3,100 inhabitants per square mile.

Religion[edit]

Façade of St. Bartholomew Parish Church
United Methodist Church in Magalang

Roman Catholic 85%; In Magalang were church locales of Members Church of God International or Ang Dating Daan can be found which yields thousands of members. Other major religious groups are Iglesia ni Cristo, Evangelical Christians and others are also established in the municipality. Aside from Catholic churches, the town has a new United Methodist Church. In the year 1908, Protestantism was introduced and Vicente Naguit was the first convert.

San Bartolome Parish Church[edit]

Inside of St. Bartholomew Parish Church

St. Bartholomew Parish Church (Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Fernando, Vicariate of St. John the Beloved) was established by the Augustinians in 1605, it was the scene of the encounter between the followers of Andres Malong led by Melchor de Vera and the Spanish troops in 1660. Moved to San Bartolome in 1734, the church was swept by Parua river in the flood of 1863. It was re-established in Barrio San Pedro on December 13, 1863. The 3-aisle church is made of stone and wood. It is 55m. long, 21m. wide and 7m. high. Interplay of arches, as seen on the main entrance, doors and niches, pediments and fenestrations, including those of the bellowers and adjacent convent suggest a touch of baroque. Fiesta: August 24.[8][9][10]

Economy[edit]

Fishpond owners in Pampanga source their fingerlings (tilapia) from producers in this town, it’s well known for its confectionaries (sweets) particularly the incomparable pastilla de leche, a popular item for gift-giving and a table dessert on fiestas and social gatherings. The Magalang sweets are distinct in their unique taste because of the quality of the milk from water buffalo (carabao) that feed on green grass growing on the fresh well-irrigated pastureland of the agricultural section of the town. And large amount of land is Corn or Rice Grain.[11]

Local government[edit]

Like other towns in the Philippines, Magalang is governed by a mayor and vice mayor who are elected to three-year terms. The mayor is the executive head and leads the town's departments in executing the Sangguniang Bayan's ordinances and improving public services. The vice mayor heads a legislative council consisting of councilors, as members.

Lyndon Cunanan was elected mayor in May 2007. However, his win was disputed by businessman Romulo Pecson because of election fraud. Pecson won a Supreme Court order in 2009, that forced Cunanan to vacate his post. Pecson then sat as municipal mayor and was re-elected in 2010. Former Mayor Lyndon Cunanan and his former Vice Mayor Norman Lacson have filed their certificates of candidacy for mayor and vice mayor, respectively, to contest in the next municipal elections in 2013.[12][13]

Infrastructure[edit]

Roads[edit]

During the visit of the governor in the remote barangay of Turu in Magalang, she announced the concrete pavement of the one kilometer farm to market road in the said village amounting to P6-million.[14]

  • Magalang – Angeles Road – connecting between Angeles City to Magalang
  • Magalang - Mabalacat Road. – connecting between Magalang to Mabalacat
  • Magalang – Arayat – Santa Ana Road – connecting between Magalang to Santa Ana, bypassing Arayat
  • Magalang – Concepcion Provincial Road (Ninoy Aquino Highway) – provincial road from Magalang, Pampanga to Concepcion, Tarlac
  • Don Luis Dizon Drive ( also Known As PAC Rd.) Connecting Magalang Poblacion - AMLHS and PAC

Health Care[edit]

On Tuesday, January 10, 2012, Governor Lilia Pineda led Monday the inauguration of the P35-million Andres Luciano District Hospital (ALDH) in Barangay San Pablo.[15]

Schools[edit]

1946 Magalang Institute

Tertiary Schools[edit]

Secondary Schools[edit]

  • Andres M. Luciano High School (formerly Magalang National High School and Balitucan High School Annex), San Pablo
New Classrooms in Andres M. Luciano High School
  • Dolores National High School, Dolores
  • Ayala High School, Ayala
  • Balitucan National High School, Balitucan, San Ildefonso
  • Magalang Highschool, Santa Lucia
  • Rudolfo V. Feliciano Memorial High School, San Pedro 2

Elementary Schools[edit]

  • Magalang Elementary School (Magalang Central School), San Nicolas 1
  • Bucanan Elementary School, Bucanan
  • San Miguel Elementary School, San Miguel
  • San Francisco Elementary School, San Francisco
  • San Pedro 2 Elementary School, San Pedro 2
  • San Pablo Elementary, San Pablo
  • Navaling Elementary School, Navaling
  • Sta. Cruz Elementary School, Sta. Cruz
  • Sta. Maria Elementary School, Sta. Maria
  • San Vicente Elementary School, San Vicente
  • Turu Elementary School, Turu
  • Balitucan Elementary School, San Ildefonso
  • Escaler Elementary School, Escaler
  • Sto. Nino Elementary School, Sto. Nino

Private Schools[edit]

  • Christian Vision Academy Foundation (Pampanga), Inc., Sta Lucia
  • Christian Vision Academy San Isidro Annex, San Isidro
  • Hillcrest Heights Institute, San Francisco
  • Magalang Christian Ecumenical School, Sta. Cruz
  • St. Nathanael Academy, San Nicolas 1
  • Magalang Institute, San Nicolas 2
  • AYZ Little Saint's School, San Pedro 2
  • St. Bernice School, Sta Cruz
  • Golden Vine Center for Childcare and Development, San Nicolas 1
  • True Light Foundation School, San Pablo
  • Brighter Years Child Development Center Inc., Sta. Cruz

Notable people[edit]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Bartolo, Louie Aldrin and Dizon, Lino.(2016) The Magalang Book: The Historical Life and Culture of a Kapampangan Town (1605-2015). National Commission for Culture and the Arts.
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO. 
  7. ^ "Province of Pampanga". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  8. ^ Historical / Public - Magalang Historical and Cultural Heritage
  9. ^ [eK!] magalang, pampanga, philippines: profile & brief history
  10. ^ history
  11. ^ Magalang dot Org - Online Community for Magaleños, Magalang Pampanga Archived 2013-10-03 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ "Sun.Star: DILG installs Pecson as Magalang mayor". GMA News Online. March 20, 2008. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 
  13. ^ "Cunanan, Lacson team-up for 2013 Magalang polls". Headline Gitnang Luzon. October 5, 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 
  14. ^ http://www.sunstar.com.ph/pampanga/local-news/2014/02/28/capitol-spends-p342m-infra-7-towns-330746
  15. ^ Reynaldo G. Navales (January 10, 2012). "P35-Million(or 800 thousand USD) Magalang hospital opens". Sun.Star Publishing, Inc. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 

External links[edit]