Magallanes, Agusan del Norte

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Municipality of Magallanes
Aerial view of Magallanes
Nuestra Senora del Rosario Parish
Magallanes Municipal and SB Hall
From top, left to right: Aerial view of Magallanes; Nuestra Senora del Rosario Parish; Magallanes Municipal and SB Hall
Official seal of Magallanes
Map of Agusan del Norte with Magallanes highlighted
Map of Agusan del Norte with Magallanes highlighted
Magallanes is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°01′N 125°31′E / 9.02°N 125.52°E / 9.02; 125.52Coordinates: 9°01′N 125°31′E / 9.02°N 125.52°E / 9.02; 125.52
Country Philippines
RegionCaraga (Region XIII)
ProvinceAgusan del Norte
District2nd District
Founded[1]21 June 1969
Barangays8 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorCesar "Bubu" C. Cumba
 • Vice MayorDemosthenes H. Arabaca
 • CongressmanMa. Angelica Rosedell A. Matba
 • Electorate16,393 voters (2019)
 • Total44.31 km2 (17.11 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[4]
 • Total21,007
 • Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Income class4th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence30.81% (2015)[5]
 • Revenue (₱)73,629,222.72 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)85
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Native languagesAgusan language

Magallanes, officially the Municipality of Magallanes, (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Magallanes; Tagalog: Bayan ng Magallanes), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Agusan del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 21,007 people.[4]

The municipality was named after the Portuguese surname of the maritime explorer Ferdinand Magellan. Formerly part of Butuan, Magallanes was created as a municipality on June 21, 1969, through Republic Act 5660.[1]


Magallanes is located at 9°01′N 125°31′E / 9.02°N 125.52°E / 9.02; 125.52.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 44.31 square kilometres (17.11 sq mi)[3] constituting 1.62% of the 2,730.24-square-kilometre- (1,054.15 sq mi) total area of Agusan del Norte.

The topography of the land is mostly flat and rolling, surrounded by mountains. Swamps characterize much of the landscape that is situated at the mouth of the two major rivers in the province, the Agusan and Baug Rivers.

The elevation of most of lands is 2 feet (0.61 m) below sea level. The town center is in the river delta and has to be kept protected by dikes. The land gradually rises in the north-west to the 99-metre- (325 ft) high Mount Taod-oy at barangay Taod-oy and the 162-metre- (531 ft) high Mount Panaytayon.

Around 2,834.89 hectares (7,005.2 acres) of Magallanes lands have slope of 0 to 3 percent, 399.28 hectares (986.6 acres) have 8 to 18 percent, 1,497.30 hectares (3,699.9 acres) 18 to 30 percent and 250.53 hectares (619.1 acres) 30 to 50 percent.

Hydrosol, San Miguel Loam, San Miguel Clay Loam, Malalag Silt Loam and Butuan Loam are its soil types. Upper Miocene, Cretaceous-Paleogene and recent sedimentary materials are the rock elements that make up Magallanes lands.

Land use[edit]

Of its total land area, 4,109 hectares (10,150 acres) are classified as alienable and disposable.[citation needed] The other 882 hectares (2,180 acres) are forestlands. 149.95 hectares (370.5 acres) or 3 percent is built-up, 92.26 hectares (228.0 acres) of that for social facilities and the other 59.69 hectares (147.5 acres) for roads. Around 3,210.72 hectares (7,933.9 acres) or 64.33 percent of its lands are utilized for agriculture, the other 1,630.33 hectares (4,028.6 acres) or 33.20 percent, for forest use. Four hectares are also being utilized for tourism in special use. Within the agricultural area, 1,727.63 hectares (4,269.1 acres) are under CARP coverage.


Magallanes is generally outside the "typhoon belt". Its climate is, by Philippine classification, Type II. There is no definite dry season in the area. Maximum rain is from November to January. Lying within the eastern coast, the place is within the pathway north-east monsoons, trade winds and storms.


Magallanes is politically subdivided into eight barangays.[6]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[4] 2010[7]
160208001 Buhang 18.5% 3,878 4,021 −0.69%
160208002 Caloc-an 20.8% 4,369 4,154 0.97%
160208003 Guiasan 7.0% 1,467 1,166 4.47%
160208009 Marcos 17.3% 3,639 3,824 −0.94%
160208005 Poblacion 8.9% 1,876 1,930 −0.54%
160208010 Santo Niño 7.9% 1,663 1,741 −0.87%
160208011 Santo Rosario 13.2% 2,764 3,189 −2.69%
160208008 Taod-oy 6.4% 1,351 1,456 −1.42%
Total 21,007 21,481 −0.42%


Population census of Magallanes
YearPop.±% p.a.
1970 7,377—    
1975 11,412+9.14%
1980 15,994+6.98%
1990 16,211+0.13%
1995 17,523+1.47%
2000 19,895+2.76%
2007 20,930+0.70%
2010 20,012−1.62%
2015 21,007+0.93%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][7][8][9]

In the 2015 census, Magallanes had a population of 21,007.[4] The population density was 470 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,200/sq mi).


Magallanes Public Market

The town has two plywood manufacturing firms: EMCO (Barangay Santo Rosario) and PSPI (Barangay Marcos), and one safety matches manufacturing firm: JAKA Equities Corp (Barangay Marcos). The three manufacturing plants are all on the main street and operating near the Baug River and Agusan River.

A 2,000-hectare (4,900-acre) of prawn/shrimp farm in Magallanes used to be the Philippines' top exporter of first class prawn/shrimp to Japan, until the entire farm was hit by a white spot disease in 2001 leading to the collapse of the industry.


The large branches of the Bitaug was broke according to the residence near at the tree in June 23, 2017 [10]
Philippine Centennial Tree
The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) awarded Magallanes as the place that host the Oldest Tree (more than 500 years old) in the Philippines called Bitaug.[citation needed]
Lisagan Festival
Magallanes celebrates its annual fiesta every third Saturday of October in honor of patroness Nuestra Señora del Rosario, Our Lady of the Rosary, which includes thanksgiving mass, parades and more.
The 'Lisagan Festival' held on Sunday after the fiesta includes street dancing similar to Sinulog Festival and fluvial procession at the Agusan River and Baug River. The town parish doesn't allow major public gathering like disco, live bands and other similar events the night before the fiesta.
Magellan Shrine
Magellan Shrine
Located at Poblacion near the Municipal Hall, the shrine was the site of the 'first' Catholic mass in Mindanao on April 8, 1521. It was believed that the Magellan's Cross in Cebu was also erected here by the explorer Ferdinand Magellan and his men before they sail North. Evidence showed church ruins near the Agusan River.
Agusan River
The Agusan River is the widest and navigable river in Mindanao.


Magallanes can be reached through the Mindanao gateways:


Magallanes Bay Walk


There are several major shipping lines serving the Manila and Cebu routes namely: 2Go, Cokaliong, and PSACC.

The boat ride from Butuan to Magallanes, navigating the Agusan River, takes about 45 minutes.


Bachelor Express and PhilTranCo is the dominant public land transport from Manila and Tacloban passing Surigao, Cabadbaran and Butuan to Cagayan de Oro and Davao. The public mode of transportation within the municipality is by motorcabs and pedicabs. Passenger vans commonly known as V-Hire are also available for Butuan routes.


  1. ^ a b "Republic Act No. 5660; An Act Creating the Municipality of Magallanes, Province of Agusan". The Corpus Juris. 21 June 1969. Archived from the original on 16 October 2016. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  2. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Province: Agusan del Norte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  5. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Municipal: Magallanes, Agusan del Norte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  7. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  8. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Caraga". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  9. ^ "Province of Agusan del Norte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  10. ^ "Malaking Sanga ng Pambansang Sentenaryong Puno ng Pilipinas, Nabali!". rmn. Retrieved 4 Jul 2017.

External links[edit]