Magazine (Heart album)
|Studio album by Heart|
|Released||First release: April 19, 1977
Second release: April 22, 1978
|Recorded||Mushroom Studios, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 1976
Sea-West Studios, Seattle, Washington, March 6–9, 1978,
The Aquarius Tavern, Seattle, 1975 (live tracks)
|Singles from Magazine|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
Magazine is the third studio album by the American hard rock band Heart. It has an unusual history in that the first release in 1977 was an unfinished version not authorized by the group. A second authorized version of the album was re-released in 1978. The album was certified platinum in the US and Canada.
After their debut album, Heart began recording new songs in Vancouver that were intended as their next studio album for Mushroom Records. However, the group had a falling out with Mushroom over an advertisement celebrating the sales of Dreamboat Annie. The advertisement, which ran as a full-page in Rolling Stone was mocked-up to a resemble the cover of a salacious tabloid-style magazine, and showed the sisters bare-shouldered (as on the "Dreamboat Annie" album cover) with the suggestive caption "It was only our first time!"
Recording sessions for the new album stopped after the band and their label were unsuccessful in re-negotiating their contract. Only five incomplete recordings were made during these 1976 sessions. As Heart had now proven themselves to be hit-makers, they expected Mushroom to raise their royalty rate. But to the surprise of the group and their producer Mike Flicker the label refused to pay more.
While keeping the group under contract, Mushroom apparently was not interested in releasing a second Heart album. Flicker then ended his relationship with the label. The contract stipulated that Flicker would be the producer of all Heart recordings. The band took the position that since Mushroom was unable to provide the services of Flicker they would be free to sign with another label. Heart hired a lawyer to resolve the dispute, and they signed with Portrait Records, a CBS Records (now Sony BMG) subsidiary.
The change in labels resulted in a prolonged legal battle with Mushroom's creative director Shelly Siegel. Mushroom, still having a 2-album contract, claimed they had the legal right to release a second Heart album after all. Still in possession of the five unfinished studio recordings as well as unreleased live tracks recorded in 1975, Mushroom had them remixed by the band's recording engineer, but without the presence of any group members.
The label added another studio track, Here Song (the B-side of Heart's first Canadian single from 1975). The rest of the album was filled by two live songs recorded in 1975 at The Aquarius Tavern, a Seattle area rock club where the group had played regularly. Mushroom released the collection as Magazine in the spring of 1977, at the same time that the group was preparing their next album for Portrait titled Little Queen.
According to Flicker, about 50,000 copies of the original Magazine album were pressed. Some of these copies were sold in stores, mostly in Los Angeles and Hollywood, Florida where the records were manufactured. Unsold copies were quickly recalled and later destroyed when Heart took Mushroom to court to stop distribution of the album. The 1977 version was also briefly released in Europe through Arista Records but were ordered off shelves by a second court action.
Though the album was not officially released to radio stations in 1977, some stations such as KISW, a leading rock station in Seattle, played songs from the unauthorized version, against the wishes of the group. The 1977 release album cover carried a disclaimer on the back that read:
- "Mushroom Records regrets that a contractual dispute has made it necessary to complete this record without the cooperation or endorsement of the group Heart, who have expressly disclaimed artistic involvement in completing this record. We did not feel that a contractual dispute should prevent the public from hearing and enjoying these incredible tunes and recordings."
Injunction, re-recording and remixing
Unhappy with the somewhat unpolished studio performances and the inclusion of the live recordings, the group took Mushroom to court with the aim of having the 1977 release of Magazine taken off the market. The Seattle court ruled that Mushroom had to recall the album, but the terms of the settlement required that Heart provide a second album for Mushroom. Heart chose to fulfill this obligation by finishing the previously released songs to a quality of their satisfaction.
For the 1978 version Heart chose to re-record, remix and edit the songs and re-sequence the album. This work was done March 6–9, 1978 at Sea-West Studios in Seattle. The original vocals were probably intended as scratch vocals rather than final takes. Ann Wilson added new lead vocals to most of the existing studio tracks.
One of the most obvious differences is that on the original recording of "Heartless" Ann sings "The doc said come back again next week..." On the re-recorded version she sings doctor instead. The new lead vocal on "Heartless" is less controlled than the original. The synthesizer solo on "Just the Wine" was replaced by a flute solo and the song is slightly edited. The ending of "Magazine" fades about 30 seconds earlier. The live "Blues Medley" was edited to remove some of Roger Fisher's guitar solo sections and Ann Wilson's solo vocal parts. There are also many other subtle differences. The revised version of the album was released with no disclaimer by Mushroom Records in April 1978.
In the early 1980s Mushroom Records went out of business. Ownership rights to Heart's two albums for Mushroom were purchased by Capitol Records who re-issued the recordings. The 1978 release was also pressed as a picture disc featuring the album cover. The back cover indicates that it is a special limited edition of 100,000 copies. The original cover had a circle cut out of it. This circle was sent to record stores to be hung in the store for promotion of the album.
Track listing - 1977 release
|1.||"Heartless"||Ann Wilson, Nancy Wilson||5:00|
|2.||"Without You" (originally recorded by Badfinger)||Pete Ham, Tom Evans||4:44|
|3.||"Just the Wine"||A. Wilson, N. Wilson||4:30|
|4.||"Magazine"||A. Wilson, N. Wilson||6:51|
|5.||"Here Song"||A. Wilson||1:35|
|6.||"Devil Delight"||A. Wilson, N. Wilson||4:58|
|7.||"Blues Medley: Mother Earth / You Shook Me Babe" (live)||Peter Chatman / Lewis Simpkins, Willie Dixon||7:12|
|8.||"I've Got the Music in Me" (live)||Bias Boshell||6:28|
Track listing - 1978 release
|3.||"Just the Wine"||4:16|
|7.||"Mother Earth Blues" (live)||5:59|
|8.||"I've Got the Music in Me" (live)||6:18|
- Ann Wilson - lead and backing vocals, flute, acoustic guitar
- Nancy Wilson - acoustic and electric guitar, blues harp, backing vocals
- Roger Fisher - lead guitar
- Howard Leese - guitars, keyboards, sitar, avatar, backing vocals, strings arrangements and conductor
- Steve Fossen - bass guitar, backing vocals
- Michael DeRosier - drums
- Lynn Wilson - backing vocals on "Magazine"
- Mike Flicker - producer, engineer
- Michael Fisher - assistant producer, special direction
- Rick Keefer - engineer
- Larry Green, Terry Gottlieb, Rolf Hennemann - assistant engineers
|USA||RIAA||1978||Platinum (+ 1,000,000)|
|Canada||CRIA||1978||Platinum (+ 100,000)|
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- Wilson, Wilson, Cross: 12 - Burn to the Wick
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- Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (doc). Australian Chart Book, St Ives, N.S.W. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
- "Top Singles - Volume 29, No. 15, July 08 1978". Library and Archives Canada. July 8, 1978. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
- "Magazine Billboard Singles". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
- "RIAA Searchable database: search for "Magazine"". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
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