Magdalena, Laguna

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Magdalena
Municipality of Magdalena
Welcome arch
Welcome arch
Official seal of Magdalena
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Bamboo Capital of Laguna
Map of Laguna with Magdalena highlighted
Map of Laguna with Magdalena highlighted
Magdalena is located in Philippines
Magdalena
Magdalena
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°12′N 121°26′E / 14.2°N 121.43°E / 14.2; 121.43Coordinates: 14°12′N 121°26′E / 14.2°N 121.43°E / 14.2; 121.43
Country Philippines
RegionCalabarzon (Region IV-A)
ProvinceLaguna
District4th District
FoundedJanuary 18, 1820
Barangays24 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorDavid Aventurado Jr.
 • Vice MayorConstancio Burbos
 • Electorate14,740 voters (2016)
Area
[2]
 • Total34.88 km2 (13.47 sq mi)
Population
(2015 census)[3]
 • Total25,266
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4007
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)49
Climate typeTropical monsoon climate
Income class4th municipal income class
Revenue (₱)77,057,247.99 (2016)
Native languagesTagalog

Magdalena, officially the Municipality of Magdalena, (Tagalog: Bayan ng Magdalena), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 25,266 people.[3]

Barangays[edit]

Magdalena is politically subdivided into 24 barangays.

History[edit]

Magdalena was formerly a barrio of Majayjay, Laguna. A petition from the residents of the barrio for the creation of a new town was presented on September 15, 1819. It was proclaimed a new town by Governor General Don Mariano Fernández de Folgueras on January 18, 1820, and was originally named "Magdalena de Ambling". The name was derived from its patron saint Maria Magdalena and the barrio of Ambling where it was established. The first Teniente Alcalde or Capitan (the highest political authority in a town) was Don Mauricio San Mateo.

They first established a makeshift school in 1820, which was the very first requirement for it to be a town. The municipal hall was also constructed. A small chapel was also constructed and it gave way to the construction of a church in 1829. The church was made of stones and bricks and donations were solicited from the residents. The construction was finished in 1861. The construction of the concrete town hall and the church convent started in 1871, and was finished in 1884.

The revolt against the Spaniards in this area started on November 13, 1896, when the male residents joined the revolutionaries from the province to form a bigger force. It was during one of the encounters that Emilio Jacinto was wounded and sought refuge at the Catholic Church.

Emilio Aguinaldo, then, proclaimed the first Philippine Republic and the Spaniards finally surrendered on September 1, 1898, and celebrations followed.

The arrival of the Americans, at the turn of the century, witnessed the evacuation of the townsfolk to the mountains for fear of being killed, later returned to the Poblacion seeing that the foreigners were well-intentioned.

The Americans enforced a new system of government. Election of government officials was conducted regularly. The first elected President Municipal was Don Victor Crisostomo. It was during this time that rebels, called tulisan, formed a force to oppose the foreign rule. They robbed the house of the residents. This made the Americans very strict on social life of the people, prohibiting them from leaving the Poblacion and talking to each other publicly. It was on June 15, 1929 that electricity was introduced in the municipality. Life continued under the American regime and to an extent, introduced their own culture to the Filipinos until the Second World War broke out in 1941.

In 1945, Filipino troops of the 4th, 42nd, 43rd, 45th and 46th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 4th Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary liberated the towns in Magdalena, Laguna. The Japanese surrendered to the Filipino soldiers and guerrillas on May 25, 1945, thus, Magdalena, as well as the Philippines, was liberated from the Japanese army. After the war, they returned to the Poblacion and started their lives from what was left of the war.

Post-World War II, Magdalena became a preferred shooting location for numerous films, including The Ravagers (also known as Only the Brave Know Hell).[28][29]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Magdalena
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 2,487—    
1918 3,032+1.33%
1939 4,214+1.58%
1948 3,733−1.34%
1960 5,559+3.37%
1970 7,650+3.24%
1975 9,071+3.48%
1980 10,433+2.84%
1990 13,450+2.57%
1995 15,927+3.22%
2000 18,976+3.83%
2007 20,204+0.87%
2010 22,976+4.79%
2015 25,266+1.83%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][30][31][32]

In the 2015 census, the population of Magdalena, Laguna, was 25,266 people,[3] with a density of 720 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,900 inhabitants per square mile.

Local government[edit]

Municipal Hall
  • Municipal Mayor: David Aventurado
  • Municipal Vice Mayor: Amado Totoy Criste Jr.
  • Members of the municipal council:
  1. Henry F. Chua
  2. Leovio Porcioncula
  3. Arnel Sune
  4. Max Sotomayor
  5. Pedro Bucal
  6. Ron Vincent Zaguirre
  7. Larry Ibañez

Tourism[edit]

lKawayan Festival dance competition
St. Mary Magdalene Parish Church
The Bahay Laguna
Emilio Jacinto Monument

Some notable tourist attractions include:

  • St. Mary Magdalene Parish Church
  • Mali-Mali Bridge
  • Emilio Jacinto Shrine
  • The Rizal Park
  • The Bahay Laguna
  • The Pintong Kabag
  • The Pintong Pilak
  • Magdalena White Water River Rafting Adventure
  • Bahay ni Luz Bed & Breakfast Inn

The Kawayan Festival[edit]

Magdalena recently held its first Kawayan Festival to mark the town's 185th Foundation Day. The colorful festival celebrates the native bamboo and its role in the culture and livelihood of the town and to promote bamboo-based industries.

Liga ng mga Barangay national president James Marty Lim was special guest at the festival, and together with Magdalena town officials led by Mayor David Aventurado Jr., congratulated the Magdaleños for their initiatives to promote the local bamboo industry.

However, no such bamboo enterprise visibly exists in the town.

St. Mary Magdalene Parish[edit]

St. Mary Magdalene Church was constructed in 1851-1871, and made of stones and bricks with a sandstone facade. The church is located at the town center or plaza, just across the municipal town hall of Magdalena. In February 1898, after being wounded in a battle with the Spaniards at the Maimpis River, Philippine revolutionary hero Emilio Jacinto sought refuge in this church. His bloodstains were found on the floor of the church.

The Bahay Laguna[edit]

Bahay Laguna is a museum in Barangay Bungkol, Magdalena, that houses the memorabilia of Governor Felicisimo T. San Luis, who served as Governor of Laguna province for 33 years. During his time, he was known as the "Living Legend of Laguna." Aside from the memorabilia of then governor, Bahay Laguna showcases the specialty crafts and signature products of Laguna towns such as woodcarving of Paete and bottled preserved fruits of Alaminos.

The construction of Bahay Laguna was finished in December 1995. The Dr. Floro Brosas Foundation donated a piece of its land for this repository.[33]

Schools[edit]

CCT-AMG Skilled Hands Technological College
Elementary

Public:

  • Ananias Laico Memorial Elementary School- ALMES(formerly Magdalena Elementary School)
  • Ricardo A. Pronove Elementary School- RPES
  • Buenavista-Cigaras Elementary School-BCES
  • Maravilla Elementary School-MES(Formerly Maravilla Primary School)
  • Bungkol Elementary School-BuES
  • Balanac Elementary School-BaES
Secondary

Public:

  • Buenavista National High School-(BNHS)
  • Magdalena National High School - (MNHS)Formerly BNHS- Annex

Private:

  • Banahaw Institute-BI
College and Vocational
  • AMG Skilled Hands Technological College
  • Alternative Learning System-Magdalena
  • Laguna State Polytechnic University- MAGDALENA Satellite Campus

Magdalena Water System[edit]

Potable water should be accessible to all. Working under this belief, the Municipality of Magdalena successfully implemented the LGU Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Project (LGU-UWSSP) in their locality.

In years past, the municipality operated the Magdalena Waterworks, a water supply system which covered ten barangays. The main water source was the Oples Spring in the nearby town of Liliw, Laguna, supplying a volume of four liters/second to 1,097 service connections. Tariff was Php 8.00 for the first 10 cubic meters and an additional Php 1.00 in excess of 10 cubic meters.

However, the people were not keen on increasing the tariff, as the service was extremely poor. Believing that water is one of the basic services that the government should be able to provide to the people, the LGU consequently searched for a more permanent solution. Through the DILG and World Bank, the Local Government Unit Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Project (LGUUWSSP) was introduced to Magdalena officials. Through barangay meetings and consultations, the people came to know of the LGU water project and how it will help address their problems.

With the creation of the Municipal Water Board on August 2004, the water system was also constructed and became fully operational within a period of one year and six months. The Water Board is at present focused in the expansion of the service area to provide quality water service to the nearby barangays. Moreover, the board is continuously producing policies to help the project be self-sufficient and be a profitable economic enterprise for the LGU.

With the successful implementation of the LGU-UWSSP, there have been marked improvements in the water supply and living conditions of the people in the community. All stakeholders in the municipality benefitted from the improved water system. From the previous practice of rationing water, a 24/7 supply has been established, contributing to the improved health of the citizenry.[34]

However, up until now, the drinking water in town still smells like iron and cannot be drank straight from the faucet[citation needed].

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Laguna". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ Alipit
  5. ^ Malakingambling
  6. ^ Muntingambling
  7. ^ Baanan
  8. ^ Balanac
  9. ^ Bucal
  10. ^ Buenavista
  11. ^ Bungkol
  12. ^ Buo
  13. ^ Burlungan
  14. ^ Cigaras
  15. ^ Ibabangatingay
  16. ^ Ibabangbutnong
  17. ^ Ilayangatingay
  18. ^ Ilayangbutnong
  19. ^ Ilog
  20. ^ Malinao
  21. ^ Maravilla
  22. ^ Poblacion
  23. ^ Sabang
  24. ^ Salasad
  25. ^ Tanawan
  26. ^ Tipunan
  27. ^ Halayhayin
  28. ^ Celino Jr., Ross F. (1 June 1966). "The Other Side of Fernando Poe Jr". The Weekly Nation.
  29. ^ The Manila Times (6 July 2015). "Rural Escape". The Manila Times. Magdalena, Laguna: channelmanila. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  30. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  31. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  32. ^ "Province of Laguna". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  33. ^ http://www.lagunatravelguide.com/index.php?page=bahay-laguna-2
  34. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-08-14. Retrieved 2011-08-12.

External links[edit]