Magdalena Maleeva

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Magdalena Maleeva
Magdalena Maleeva RG 2005.jpg
Native nameМагдалена Малеева
Country (sports) Bulgaria
ResidenceSofia, Bulgaria
Born (1975-04-01) 1 April 1975 (age 46)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Height1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)
Turned pro1989
Retired2005
PlaysRight-handed (two-handed backhand)
Prize moneyUS$ 4,398,582
Singles
Career record439–290 (60.2%)
Career titles10 WTA, 1 ITF
Highest rankingNo. 4 (29 January 1996)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open4R (1991, 1993, 1994, 2002)
French Open4R (1993, 1996, 2003, 2004)
Wimbledon4R (2001, 2002, 2004, 2005)
US OpenQF (1992)
Other tournaments
Tour FinalsQF (2002)
Olympic Games3R (1992, 1996)
Doubles
Career record121–133 (47.6%)
Career titles5 WTA, 1 ITF
Highest rankingNo. 13 (2 February 2004)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open3R (1992, 2001, 2004)
French Open3R (1993)
Wimbledon3R (1993, 2003)
US OpenQF (2003)
Other doubles tournaments
Olympic Games1R (1992, 1996)
Team competitions
Fed Cup27–17 (61.4%)
(singles 18–8; doubles 9-9)

Magdalena Georgieva Maleeva (Bulgarian: Магдалена Георгиева Малеева, pronounced [mɐɡdɐˈlɛnɐ mɐˈlɛɛvɐ]; born 1 April 1975) is a Bulgarian former professional tennis player. She played on the WTA Tour competing in singles and doubles, from April 1989 to October 2005 and has won ten career singles titles. Her best WTA singles ranking was world No. 4.

Biography[edit]

Born in Sofia, Maleeva is the youngest of the three children of Yuliya Berberyan and Georgi Maleev. Yuliya, who came from a prominent Armenian family which found refuge in Bulgaria after the 1896 Armenian massacres in the Ottoman Empire, was one of the best Bulgarian tennis players in the 1960s.[1] After she retired from professional tennis in the 1970s, Berberyan started on a coaching career. She trained all of her three daughters, Magdalena, Katerina and Manuela, each of whom eventually became WTA top six players.

In 1988, Maleeva became the youngest ever national tennis champion of Bulgaria, at the age of 13 years and four months. She turned professional in 1989, reaching the final of her first professional tournament (ITF) at Bari. In her Grand Slam debut at the French Open in 1990, she passed the qualifications and reached the third round. In 1992, Maleeva snatched her first WTA Tour event victory in San Marino. The following year, she reached the fourth round at the Australian, the French and the US Open, as well as the third round of Wimbledon. That same year, she was the opponent of Monica Seles at a tournament in Hamburg, Germany when a deranged fan stabbed Seles in the back on the court.

Her best performance at a Grand Slam championship came when she got to the quarterfinals of the 1992 US Open, defeating Kateřina Kroupová-Šišková, Martina Navratilova, Kimberly Po and Chanda Rubin before losing to her older sister Manuela. In 1995, Maleeva won a total of three tournaments, in Moscow, Chicago, Oakland, which saw her hit a career-high ranking of No. 4 in January 1996.[2]

In June 1998, Maleeva underwent shoulder surgery, which forced her off the tour for the next eleven months. She started competing again in May 1999 and re-entered top 20 in 2001. In 2002, she won the prestigious Kremlin Cup in Moscow, defeating three top-10 players on her way (Venus Williams, Amélie Mauresmo, and Lindsay Davenport). In 2004, she married her long-standing boyfriend, Lubomir Nokov.

Maleeva won a career total of ten WTA titles in singles and five in doubles. She was the recipient of the "WTA Most Improved Player 1993" award and was nominated for the "WTA Most Impressive Newcomer 1990". She participated at the Olympic Games in Barcelona, Atlanta, and Athens.

Life after tennis[edit]

In October 2005, Maleeva retired from professional tennis after 16 seasons (years), and became the last of the Maleeva sisters to retire. She now lives in Sofia. On 27 June 2007, she gave birth to her first child, a girl named Youlia, and on 13 December 2008, she gave birth to a second child, Marko, and on 20 August 2012 to their third child, Nina.

Maleeva has been very active with the environmental organization 'Gorichka.bg', which works to create public awareness about urgent environmental problems. She also has created 'Harmonica', a brand for organic foods, as well as a couple of organic food stores in Sofia under the brand 'Biomag'. She is also a partner at the Maleeva Tennis Club.

Maleeva in Fed Cup action in 2011

In October 2010, Maleeva won the Bulgarian national outdoor championship, becoming the youngest and the oldest player to have won it, within 22 years. In 2011, she made a brief tennis comeback, playing and winning three doubles matches for Bulgaria at the Fed Cup.[3]

In March 2011, Maleeva was voted eighth in the "100 most influential women in Bulgaria" by Pari newspaper. She has also appeared at Wimbledon's ladies' invitation doubles event on several occasions, achieving her best result in 2015, where she partnered Rennae Stubbs; the pair defeated Navratilova and Selima Sfar in the final to win the title.

Performance timelines[edit]

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# DNQ A NH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (DNQ) did not qualify; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)

Singles[edit]

Tournament 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 SR W-L Win%
Grand Slam tournaments
Australian Open A Q2 4R 1R 4R 4R 1R A A 1R A 1R 1R 4R 3R 2R 3R 0 / 12 17–12 59%
French Open Q1 3R 1R 3R 4R 1R 2R 4R 1R A 1R 3R 1R 1R 4R 4R 2R 0 / 15 20–15 66%
Wimbledon A 2R 1R 1R 3R 2R A 2R 3R A A 2R 4R 4R 2R 4R 4R 0 / 13 21–13 62%
US Open Q1 1R 2R QF 4R 4R 2R 1R 3R A A 2R 2R 3R 1R 2R 2R 0 / 14 20–14 59%
Win–Loss 0–0 3–3 4–4 6–4 11–4 7–4 2–3 4–3 4–3 0–1 0–1 4–4 4–4 8–4 6–4 8–4 7–4 0 / 54 78–54 59%
Year–end championships
WTA Championships Did not qualify 1R A 1R Did not qualify 1R 2R Did not qualify 0 / 4 1–4 20%
National representation
Summer Olympics Not Held 3R Not Held 3R Not Held A Not Held 2R NH 0 / 3 5–3 63%
Fed Cup A A 2R 1R 2R QF 1R A A E/A I A A A E/A I E/A I A PO 0 / 5 18–8 69%
Career statistics
Titles 0 0 0 1 0 2 3 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 Career total: 10
Finals 0 0 1 1 1 2 6 1 0 0 1 1 3 2 1 1 0 Career total: 21
Year-end ranking 216 73 38 20 16 11 6 19 36 115 89 22 16 14 30 25 52 $4,398,582

Doubles[edit]

Tournament 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 SR W-L Win%
Grand Slam tournaments
Australian Open A A 1R 3R 2R A 1R A A A A A 3R 2R 1R 3R A 0 / 8 8–8 50%
French Open A A 1R 1R 3R 1R A A A A A A 2R A 1R 1R A 0 / 7 3–7 30%
Wimbledon A A 1R 1R 3R 1R A A A A A A 1R A 3R A A 0 / 6 4–6 40%
US Open A 1R 1R 1R 1R 2R A A A A A 1R 1R A QF A 2R 0 / 9 5–9 36%
Win–Loss 0–0 0–1 0–4 2–4 5–4 1–3 0–1 0–0 0–0 0–0 0–0 0–1 3–4 1–1 5–4 2–2 1–1 0 / 30 20–30 40%
Career statistics
Titles 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 1 Career total: 5
Finals 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 1 Career total: 10
Year-end ranking 576 83 97 101 35 131 824 NR 363 892 340 129 92 54 14 51 92 $4,398,582

WTA career finals[edit]

Singles: 21 (10 titles, 11 runner-ups)[edit]

Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–0)
Tier I (2–3)
Tier II (2–4)
Tier III (3–3)
Tier IV (1–0)
Tier V (2–1)
Finals by surface
Hard (1–3)
Clay (2–4)
Grass (1–0)
Carpet (6–4)
Result W–L    Date    Tournament Tier Surface Opponent Score
Loss 0–1 Apr 1991 Bol Open, Yugoslavia Tier V Clay Italy Sandra Cecchini 4–6, 6–3, 5–7
Win 1–1 Jul 1992 San Marino Open Tier V Clay Italy Federica Bonsignori 7–6(7–3), 6–4
Loss 1–2 Jan 1993 Hardcourt Championships, Australia Tier III Hard Spain Conchita Martínez 3–6, 4–6
Win 2–2 Sep 1994 Moscow Open, Russia Tier III Carpet (i) Italy Sandra Cecchini 7–5, 6–1
Win 3–2 Oct 1994 Zurich Open, Switzerland Tier I Carpet (i) Belarus Natasha Zvereva 7–5, 3–6, 6–4
Win 4–2 Feb 1995 Chicago Cup, United States Tier II Carpet (i) United States Lisa Raymond 7–5, 7–6(7–2)
Loss 4–3 Apr 1995 Charleston Open, United States Tier I Clay Spain Conchita Martínez 1–6, 1–6
Loss 4–4 May 1995 German Open Tier I Clay Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 4–6, 1–6
Win 5–4 Sep 1995 Moscow Open, Russia Tier III Carpet (i) Russia Elena Makarova 6–4, 6–2
Loss 5–5 Oct 1995 Leipzig Cup, Germany Tier II Carpet (i) Germany Anke Huber w/o
Win 6–5 Nov 1995 Oakland Classic, United States Tier II Carpet (i) Japan Ai Sugiyama 6–3, 6–4
Loss 6–6 May 1996 Madrid Open, Spain Tier II Clay Czech Republic Jana Novotná 6–4, 4–6, 3–6
Win 7–6 Nov 1999 Pattaya Open, Thailand Tier IV Hard Luxembourg Anne Kremer 4–6, 6–1, 6–2
Loss 7–7 Oct 2000 Luxembourg Open Tier III Carpet (i) United States Jennifer Capriati 6–4, 1–6, 4–6
Loss 7–8 Feb 2001 Internationaux de Nice, France Tier II Hard (i) France Amélie Mauresmo 2–6, 0–6
Win 8–8 Apr 2001 Hungarian Ladies Open Tier V Clay Luxembourg Anne Kremer 3–6, 6–2, 6–4
Loss 8–9 Sep 2001 Leipzig Cup, Germany Tier II Carpet (i) Belgium Kim Clijsters 1–6, 1–6
Win 9–9 Oct 2002 Kremlin Cup, Russia Tier I Carpet (i) United States Lindsay Davenport 5–7, 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
Loss 9–10 Oct 2002 Luxembourg Open Tier III Hard (i) Belgium Kim Clijsters 1–6, 2–6
Win 10–10 Jun 2003 Birmingham Classic, UK Tier III Grass Japan Shinobu Asagoe 6–1, 6–4
Loss 10–11 Feb 2004 Pan Pacific Open, Japan Tier I Carpet (i) United States Lindsay Davenport 4–6, 1–6

Doubles: 10 (5 titles, 5 runner–ups)[edit]

Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–0)
Tier I (1–1)
Tier II (2–1)
Tier III (1–3)
Tier IV (0–0)
Tier V (1–0)
Finals by surface
Hard (2–1)
Clay (2–1)
Grass (0–1)
Carpet (1–2)
Result W–L    Date    Tournament Tier Surface Partner Opponents Score
Win 1–0 Apr 1991 Bol Open, Yugoslavia Tier V Clay Italy Laura Golarsa Italy Sandra Cecchini
Italy Laura Garrone
6–3, 1–6, 6–4
Loss 1–1 Feb 1993 Asian Open, Japan Tier III Carpet (i) Switzerland Manuela Maleeva Czech Republic Jana Novotná
Latvia Larisa Neiland
1–6, 3–6
Loss 1–2 Apr 1993 Barcelona Open, Spain Tier II Clay Switzerland Manuela Maleeva Spain Conchita Martínez
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
6–4, 1–6, 0–6
Win 2–2 Feb 2002 Antwerp Open, Belgium Tier II Carpet (i) Switzerland Patty Schnyder France Nathalie Dechy
United States Meilen Tu
6–3, 6–7(3–7), 6–3
Loss 2–3 Jun 2002 Rosmalen Championships, Netherlands Tier III Grass Germany Bianka Lamade Australia Catherine Barclay
Germany Martina Müller
4–6, 5–7
Win 3–3 Mar 2003 Miami Open, United States Tier I Hard South Africa Liezel Huber Japan Shinobu Asagoe
Japan Nana Miyagi
6–4, 3–6, 7–5
Win 4–3 May 2003 Warsaw Open, Poland Tier II Clay South Africa Liezel Huber Greece Eleni Daniilidou
Italy Francesca Schiavone
3–6, 6–4, 6–2
Loss 4–4 Jan 2004 Hard Court Championships, Australia Tier III Hard South Africa Liezel Huber Russia Svetlana Kuznetsova
Russia Elena Likhovtseva
3–6, 4–6
Loss 4–5 Feb 2004 Pan Pacific Open, Japan Tier I Carpet (i) Russia Elena Likhovtseva Zimbabwe Cara Black
Australia Rennae Stubbs
0–6, 1–6
Win 5–5 Jan 2005 Hard Court Championships, Australia Tier III Hard Russia Elena Likhovtseva Italy Maria Elena Camerin
Italy Silvia Farina Elia
6–3, 5–7, 6–1

ITF Circuit finals[edit]

Singles: 2 (1–1)[edit]

Legend
$100,000 tournaments
$75,000 tournaments
$50,000 tournaments
$25,000 tournaments
$10,000 tournaments
Finals by surface
Hard (1–0)
Clay (0–1)
Grass (0–0)
Carpet (0–0)
Result W–L    Date    Tournament Tier Surface Opponent Score
Loss 0–1 Apr 1989 ITF Bari, Italy 10,000 Clay Germany Eva-Maria Schürhoff 6–2, 1–6, 6–7(5)
Win 1–1 Dec 1999 ITF Cergy-Pontoise, France 50,000 Hard (i) Netherlands Seda Noorlander 6–1, 6–4

Doubles: 1 (1–0)[edit]

Legend
$100,000 tournaments
$75,000 tournaments
$50,000 tournaments
$25,000 tournaments
$10,000 tournaments
Finals by surface
Hard (0–0)
Clay (0–0)
Grass (0–0)
Carpet (1–0)
Result W–L    Date    Tournament Tier Surface Partner Opponents Score
Win 1–0 Mar 1990 ITF Moulins, France 25,000 Carpet (i) Czechoslovakia Andrea Strnadová France Valerie Ledroff
France Pascale Paradis
3–6, 6–1, 6–1

Junior Grand Slam tournament finals[edit]

Singles: 3 (3 titles)[edit]

Result W–L Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Win 1–0 1990 Australian Open Hard Australia Louise Stacey 7–5, 6–7(2), 6–1
Win 2–0 1990 French Open Clay Soviet Union Tatiana Ignatieva 6–2, 6–3
Win 3–0 1990 US Open Hard France Noëlle van Lottum 7–5, 6–2

Fed Cup[edit]

Magdalena Maleeva debuted for the Bulgaria Fed Cup team in 1991. Since then, she has an 18–8 singles record and a 9–9 doubles record (27–17 overall).

Singles (18–8)[edit]

Edition Round Date Against Surface Opponent W/L Result
1991 World Group I R1 22 July 1991  Hungary Hard Hungary Petra Schmitt W 6–1, 6–2
R2 24 July 1991  United States United States Jennifer Capriati L 5–7, 2–6
1992 World Group I R1 14 July 1992  Australia Clay Australia Rachel McQuillan W 7–6(4), 6–2
RPO 16 July 1992  Romania Romania Ruxandra Dragomir W 6–0, 6–1
1993 World Group I R1 19 July 1993  South Korea Clay South Korea Park Sung-hee W 6–0, 6–4
R2 21 July 1993  Argentina Argentina Florencia Labat W 6–4, 5–7, 6–3
1994 World Group I R1 19 July 1994  Croatia Clay Croatia Iva Majoli L 6–3, 4–6, 4–6
R2 21 July 1994  Indonesia Indonesia Yayuk Basuki W 6–3, 6–3
QF 22 July 1994  France France Mary Pierce W 6–7(6), 6–4, 6–4
1995 World Group I QF 22 April 1995  Spain Carpet (I) Spain Conchita Martínez L 2–6, 4–6
23 April 1995 Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario W 6–3, 6–3
1998 Europe/Africa Group I RR 14 April 1998  Romania Clay Romania Raluca Sandu L 1–6, 3–6
15 April 1998  South Africa South Africa Mariaan de Swardt L 1–6, 5–7
16 April 1998  Latvia Latvia Elena Krutko L 6–7(2), 6–1, 1–6
2002 Europe/Africa Group I RR 24 April 2002  Portugal Clay Portugal Angela Cardoso W 6–0, 6–0
25 April 2002  Georgia Georgia (country) Salome Devidze W 6–1, 6–3
26 April 2002  Estonia Estonia Kaia Kanepi W 6–4, 6–2
PPO 27 April 2002  Ukraine Ukraine Yuliya Beygelzimer L 3–6, 4–6
2003 Europe/Africa Group I RR 21 April 2003  Georgia Clay Georgia (country) Margalita Chakhnashvili W 6–3, 6–1
23 April 2003  Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro Jelena Janković W 6–2, 3–6, 6–2
24 April 2003  Israel Israel Anna Smashnova W 7–5, 6–4
2005 Europe/Africa Group I RR 20 April 2005  South Africa Clay South Africa Natalie Grandin W 6–4, 6–3
21 April 2005  Hungary Hungary Zsófia Gubacsi W 7–6(4), 6–2
PPO 23 April 2005  Netherlands Netherlands Michaëlla Krajicek W 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
2005 World Group II Play-offs PO 9 July 2005  Japan Hard (I) Japan Aiko Nakamura W 3–6, 6–4, 6–3
10 July 2005 Japan Akiko Morigami L 6–7(3), 3–6

Doubles (9–9)[edit]

Edition Round Date Partner Against Surface Opponents W/L Result
1991 World Group I R1 22 July 1991 Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva  Hungary Hard Hungary Virág Csurgó
Hungary Ágnes Muzamel
W 6–1, 6–2
R2 24 July 1991 Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva  United States United States Gigi Fernández
United States Zina Garrison-Jackson
L 2–6, 1–6
1992 World Group I R1 14 July 1992 Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva  Australia Hard Australia Nicole Bradtke
Australia Rennae Stubbs
L 2–6, 1–6
RPO 16 July 1992 Bulgaria Elena Pampoulova  Romania Romania Ruxandra Dragomir
Romania Irina Spîrlea
L 6–7(5), 2–6
1993 World Group I R2 21 July 1993 Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva  Argentina Clay Argentina Inés Gorrochategui
Argentina Patricia Tarabini
L 7–5, 4–6, 2–6
1994 World Group I R1 19 July 1994 Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva  Croatia Clay Croatia Iva Majoli
Croatia Maja Murić
W 6–2, 6–3
QF 22 July 1994 Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva  France France Julie Halard
France Nathalie Tauziat
L 2–6, 6–3, 2–6
1995 World Group I QF 23 April 1995 Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva  Spain Carpet (I) Spain Neus Ávila Bonastre
Spain Virginia Ruano Pascual
W 6–0, 6–1
2002 Europe/Africa Group I RR 24 April 2002 Bulgaria Desislava Topalova  Portugal Clay Portugal Angela Cardoso
Portugal Ana Catarina Nogueira
W 6–2, 7–5
PPO 27 April 2002 Bulgaria Desislava Topalova  Ukraine Ukraine Yuliya Beygelzimer
Ukraine Alona Bondarenko
L 4–6, 0–6
2003 Europe/Africa Group I RR 21 April 2003 Bulgaria Desislava Topalova  Georgia Clay Georgia (country) Margalita Chakhnashvili
Georgia (country) Tinatin Kavlashvili
W 6–1, 6–2
23 April 2003 Bulgaria Desislava Topalova  Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro Katarina Mišić
Serbia and Montenegro Dragana Zarić
L 3–6, 6–3, 0–6
24 April 2003 Bulgaria Desislava Topalova  Israel Israel Tzipora Obziler
Israel Anna Smashnova
L 7–6(3), 3–6, 3–6
2005 Europe/Africa Group I RR 20 April 2005 Bulgaria Sesil Karatantcheva  South Africa Clay South Africa Lizaan du Plessis
South Africa Alicia Pillay
W 6–3, 6–2
21 April 2005 Bulgaria Sesil Karatantcheva  Hungary Hungary Virág Németh
Hungary Ágnes Szávay
L 6–4, 3–6, 1–6
2011 Europe/Africa Group I RR 2 February 2011 Bulgaria Tsvetana Pironkova  Poland Hard Poland Klaudia Jans-Ignacik
Poland Alicja Rosolska
W 6–1, 6–3
3 February 2011 Bulgaria Tsvetana Pironkova  Luxembourg Luxembourg Anne Kremer
Luxembourg Claudine Schaul
W 6–2, 7–5
4 February 2011 Bulgaria Dia Evtimova  Israel Israel Valeria Patiuk
Israel Keren Shlomo
W 6–3, 6–4
  • RR = Round Robin
  • PPO = Promotion Play-off
  • RPO = Relegation Play-off

Head-to head record against other top players[edit]

Maleeva's win/loss record against certain players who have been ranked world No. 10 or higher is as follows:[4] Players who have been ranked World No. 1 are in boldface.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tennis Europe". Archived from the original on 15 April 2006.
  2. ^ Manova, Tanya (2 April 2005). "Маги навършва 30 на корта" (in Bulgarian). 7sport.net. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Player Profiles Archived 17 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]