Magdiwang, Romblon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Magdiwang
Municipality of Magdiwang
Official seal of Magdiwang
Seal
Nickname(s): 
The Gateway to Mount Guiting-Guiting
Map of Romblon with Magdiwang highlighted
Map of Romblon with Magdiwang highlighted
Magdiwang is located in Philippines
Magdiwang
Magdiwang
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°29′N 122°31′E / 12.48°N 122.52°E / 12.48; 122.52Coordinates: 12°29′N 122°31′E / 12.48°N 122.52°E / 12.48; 122.52
Country Philippines
RegionMimaropa (Region IV-B)
ProvinceRomblon
DistrictLone district
Founded1820 (as Naylog)
Renamed1855 (as Magallanes)
IncorporatedJanuary 1, 1947 (as Magdiwang)
Barangays9 (see Barangays)
Government
[2]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorDenisa Repizo [1]
 • Vice MayorGuillermo Rocha [1]
 • Electorate8,566 voters (2016)
Area
[3]
 • Total100.75 km2 (38.90 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census)[4]
 • Total14,142
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
5507
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)42
Climate typeTropical climate
Income class5th municipal income class
Revenue (₱)58.4 million  (2016)
Native languagesRomblomanon
Tagalog

Magdiwang, officially the Municipality of Magdiwang, is a 5th class municipality in the province of Romblon, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 14,142 people.[4]

Formerly known as Naylog and Magallanes, it is one of three municipalities in Sibuyan Island, which has been dubbed as the Galapagos of Asia due to its pristine natural environment and high endemism rate for flora and fauna.[5]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Sibuyan Island in Romblon province

Based on civil and church records from 1820, Magdiwang was founded as Fundacion de Naylog, a settlement established in the northern coast of Sibuyan Island by religious missionaries led by Don Valentin Ayala. It was placed under the jurisdiction of Pueblo de Sibuyan, whose seat was located in Cajidiocan town. In 1855, the settlement was one of 17 new pueblos (towns) added to the four already existing in the province and was renamed Magallanes, in honor of Spanish explorer Ferdinand Magellan.[6][7]

Six years later, on 21 February 1861, another pueblo, Rancheria de Infiel, was organized close to Magallanes, located in the upstream of the present poblacion in what is now Barangay Dulangan. This new pueblo was established for the sake of the relocated Mangyanes or May-as tribe, who used to live in the mountains, so that missionary works and Christianizing efforts conducted in the lowland villages will be extended to them as well. This pueblo was incorporated later on, during the American occupation, as part of Magdiwang.[6][7]

Thirteen years later, on 11 January 1868, when Romblon was converted into a province, Magallanes was demoted to a missionary center from its former status as pueblo by the first governor of the Romblon, Don Joaquin Corillo.[6][7]

Modern history[edit]

Civil government in Romblon was established under the Americans on 16 March 1901. Magallanes was one of 11 new municipalities. In 1917, due to reorganization and the province's difficult financial status as a newly restored entity, the former municipality of Magallanes was abolished and annexed to Cajidiocan. It was only restored to its independent municipality status on 1 March 1933, with the new name Magdiwang, in honor of the Magdiwang faction of the Philippine revolutionary group, Katipunan. It was inaugurated through festivities which lasted from 24 to 25 March 1933 and led by Governor Manuel T. Alvero.[6][7]

On 8 June 1940, the special municipality of Sibuyan was established through the passage of Commonwealth Act No. 581, sponsored by Congressman Leonardo Festin. Magdiwang was abolished and was annexed to the new municipality with its seat at Cajidiocan town proper. The special municipality of Sibuyan was abolished through the passage of Republic Act No. 38, which was authored by Congressman Modesto Formelleza and took effect on 1 October 1946, when President Manuel Roxas signed the Republic Act no. 38, restoring Magdiwang as a municipality.[6][7][8]

In February 2018, the government planned the construction of a road that would go through Mt. Guiting-guiting Natural Park Protected Area, effectively endangering thousands of Sibuyan Island pristine forests that have never been touched by man.[9] An online campaign against the road construction was launched afterwards, urging the President, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, the Department of Public Work and Highways, the Mt. Guiting-guiting Natural Park Protected Area Management Board, and the LGUs of Sibuyan Island to halt the highly-destructive 'development' project.[10]

Former names and territorial changes[edit]

From Village/Barrio Town/Municipality/Pueblo Province
1820
Naylog
Sibuyan
Capiz
23 July 1843*
Cajidiocan
9 March 1853**
Romblon
1855***
Magallanes
11 January 1868****
Magallanes
Cajidiocan
16 March 1901*****
Magallanes
15 July 1907
Capiz
10 March 1917
Magallanes
Cajidiocan
Romblon
1 March 1933
Magdiwang
8 June 1940
Magdiwang
Sibuyan
1 October 1946
Magdiwang

Pueblo de Sibuyan became Cajidiocan*
Romblon became a separate district from Capiz**
Naylog became a pueblo of its own and was renamed Magallanes***
As fully pledged politico-military province****
Province established by US civilian government*****

Geography[edit]

Nepenthes argentii, a pitcher plant endemic to Mount Guiting-Guiting in Magdiwang, Romblon.

Magdiwang is one of three municipalities in Sibuyan Island, the second largest among the islands of Romblon. It is bound on the west by Cajidiocan, on the south by San Fernando, and on the north by Sibuyan Sea, and to the north-west by Romblon, Romblon. The total land area of Magdiwang is 100.75 km2. The town has the following soil classification: Tupi loam, Laylay sandy clay loam and Mogpog Farson Complex. Much of the terrain is hilly and mountainous and is covered by lush tropical rainforest, as it is part of the Mount Guiting-Guiting Natural Park.[6][8]

Magdiwang is politically subdivided into 9 barangays.

  • Agsao
  • Agutay
  • Ambulong
  • Dulangan
  • Ipil
  • Jao-asan
  • Poblacion
  • Silum
  • Tampayan

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Magdiwang
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 2,275—    
1939 4,325+1.80%
1948 4,308−0.04%
1960 4,802+0.91%
1970 6,601+3.23%
1975 7,504+2.60%
1980 8,149+1.66%
1990 10,405+2.47%
1995 11,447+1.80%
2000 12,032+1.07%
2010 13,584+1.22%
2015 14,142+0.77%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][11][12][13]

According to the 2015 Philippine census, Magdiwang has a population of 14,142 people. A variant of the Romblomanon language locally, called Sibuyanon, is the native language of the municipality's inhabitants.

Local government[edit]

Pursuant to Chapter II, Title II, Book III of Republic Act 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991,[14] the municipal government is composed of a mayor (alkalde), a vice mayor (bise alkalde) and members (kagawad) of the legislative branch Sangguniang Bayan alongside a secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms.

Period Mayor Vice Mayor
30 June 2010 - 30 June 2013
Julie R.Monton(LP)
[15]
Denisa Repizo(Lakas–CMD)
[15]
30 June 2013 – 30 June 2016
Ibarra Manzala(Lakas–CMD)
Guillermo Rocha(NP)
[16][1]
30 June 2016 - incumbent
Denisa Repizo (NP)
[16]

The incumbent mayor and vice mayor of Magdiwang are Denisa Repizo and Guillermo Rocha, respectively, both from the Nacionalista Party.

Economy[edit]

Magdiwang is an agricultural municipality with a small percentage of manufacturing and service-oriented activities. According to the Office of the Provincial Agriculturist, the municipality has the highest agricultural production in the province. Other potential economic activities include fish culture and processing, cut flower industries, cottage industries, garment manufacturing, banking, and tourism.[6][8]

Utilities[edit]

Electricity in Magdiwang is provided by the Romblon Electric Cooperative. As for water supply, the town as 5 community irrigation projects that have service area of 188 hectares. Potable water is mostly supplied through jet pumps, artesian wells, deep wells, and springs. Cellular communication is made possible through companies like PLDT, Smart Communications, and Globe Telecom.[6][8]

Infrastructure[edit]

Ambulong Port in Magdiwang is the port of entry to Sibuyan Island. There are weekly RORO and motorized boat trips to the municipality from Manila, Lucena, Quezon, and San Agustin, Romblon. The municipality is connected to its neighboring towns via the Sibuyan Circumferential Road. Public utility jeepneys (PUJ), pedicabs, tricycles, and motorcycles are the common form of public transportation in the area.[6][8]

Tourism[edit]

Because of its preserved natural environment, Magdiwang is touted as a prime eco-tourism destination. The municipality is staging point of mountain climbers ascending Mount Guiting-Guiting, Romblon's tallest mountain. It also has several rivers, falls, and beaches, which tourists can enjoy.[6][8]

  • Magdiwang Beach: Stretches over two kilometers on the western side of Magdiwang, facing the Sibuyan Sea.
  • Lambingan Falls: A romantic hideaway marked by huge boulders that deflect the cascade from the heights. The falls has a natural pool with cool surroundings, ideal for swimming and picnics. The park is complimented by other tourist potentials that is constantly developed for town beautification because of its lush greenery.
  • Paseo de Magdiwang: A farm close to Magdiwang Beach and is home to a strand of agojo and pine trees that are older than the park.
  • Marine Garden: A repository of rich marine life that is a boon for scuba divers and explorer of the deep.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Magdiwang, Romblon Elections". ph.rappler.com.
  2. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  3. ^ "Province: Romblon". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  4. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  5. ^ Corp., ABS-CBN. "The Galapagos of Asia: Sibuyan Island - Choose Philippines. Find. Discover. Share". www.choosephilippines.com.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Fabula, Milex (2001). "Profile: Magdiwang, Romblon". Romblon Travel Guide. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d e "The History of Magdiwang, Romblon". Reference.com. 2001. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Magdiwang, Romblon". The Official Website of the Provincial Government of Romblon. 2012. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  9. ^ "OFFICIAL STATEMENT: DPWH road project endangers Sibuyan Island protected area - Bayay Sibuyanon Inc". bayay.ph.
  10. ^ Mt. Guiting-guiting Natural Park Protected Area
  11. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  12. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  13. ^ "Province of Romblon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  14. ^ "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991". 8th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  15. ^ a b http://curry.ateneo.net/~ambo/ph2010/electionresults/res_reg5908003.html
  16. ^ a b http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/eleksyon2016/results/local/REGION+IV-B/ROMBLON/MAGDIWANG?tfb_a

External links[edit]