Schwarzwald-Stadion

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Schwarzwald-Stadion
Badenova-Stadion 2011.jpg
Former names Dreisamstadion (1954–2004)
badenova-Stadion (2004–2011)
MAGE SOLAR-Stadion (2011–2014)
Location Freiburg, Germany
Owner City of Freiburg
Operator SC Freiburg
Capacity 24,000 (League Matches),[1]
18,000 (International Matches)[2]
Surface Grass
Construction
Opened 1954
Renovated 1970, 1980, 1993–1995, 1999, 2004
Tenants
SC Freiburg
View to the northwest
North-side stands
Solar panels on the roof of the stadium

The Schwarzwald-Stadion is a football stadium in Freiburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home stadium of Sport-Club Freiburg. The stadium holds 24,000 spectators and was built in 1953. The stadium was called the Dreisamstadion until June 2004. Following that it was christened the Badenova-Stadion, the Mage Solar Stadion, and for a short time the Stadion an der Schwarzwaldstraße. Due to a sponsorship deal, it is currently named the Schwarzwald-Stadion.[3]

In 2012, modernising the stadium was deemed unprofitable. In February 2015, a hotly discussed referendum was held to determine whether a new stadium should be built and if so, where. The citizens of Freiburg who participated in the referendum voted in favour of the construction of a new stadium at the Wolfswinkel nearby Freiburg's municipal airport.

History[edit]

The earliest home stadium of the SC Freiburg was the Winterer-Stadion, which was first used in 1928. In 1936 the club had to leave the stadium because the Luftwaffe needed it for use as an airstrip. After the end of World War Two the SC Freiburg didn't have their own home grounds and had to use the facilities of the Freiburger Turnerschaft von 1844. In 1953, the club received a site fit for a sports field to the east of the city. The sports field was officially opened on September 1, 1954.[4]

In 1970, stands on the south side of the field were constructed, adding 480 covered seats to the sports field. Following the club's ascension in 1978 into the 2. Bundesliga, the first major expansion was planned. The construction of a main stand, which added 1800 seats, and the expansion of the standing section in 1980 increased the stadium's capacity to 15,000.[5]

In 1993, Rolf Disch Solar Architecture and coach Volker Finke created the initiative to change their field into a solar soccer stadium. Photovoltaic panels were installed on the roof and SC Freiburg was the first football team in Germany with solar power. This ecological step reinforced Freiburg's image as the "Solar City" and demonstrated the need for renewable and sustainable energy in all locations and venues. The stadium was also outfitted with floodlights in after the SC Freiburg made it into the 1. Bundesliga, and the stands to the east of the pitch were roofed over and received 1580 new seats. The amount of seats in main stands was increased to 5000. In the winter break of the Saison 1994/95, construction of stands behind the goal on the south side of the field began, and after the new stands were completed in July, 1995, the total capacity of the stadium was 18,000.

The current size of the stadium was reached in 1999, when the north and south stands were expanded or renovated, respectively. The stands to the north of the pitch offer a standing area for 6,000 spectators, and the stands to the east offer 7,000 seats. Both stands are covered. Space for handicapped spectators were built in front of the east stands, right next to the pitch.

The stadium can fit 24,000 spectators into 14,000 seats and standing areas for 10,000 spectators.[6] All of the stands are covered. Due to a complaint from the neighborhood, the club has been banned from further increases to the stadium's capacity.

The stadium no longer fulfills the UEFA-guidelines(the field is 4,5 meters too short), which means that UEFA European competition matches beyond the qualification phase require special authorization.[7] The DFL gave the SC Freiburg special authorization for the 2012-13 Bundesliga season in the 1. Bundesliga.[8]

In 2004, the stadium's name was changed from Dreisamstadion to Badenova-Stadion, because the trademark rights were given to the energy company Badenova.

By 2004, further construction had been completed. Two photovoltaic-generators cover a large amount of the stadium's energy needs by producing 250,000 kilowatt-hours per year.[9] The pitch-heating is also environmentally friendly. It is powered by Stirling engine. The VIP-guests received an upgrade to their seats in the form of a function building. This building is located in the north-western corner of the stadium. A fan-house was constructed behind the stands on the north side of the pitch. This building is administrated by the governing body of the SC Freiburg's fanbase.

Multiple international matches have taken place in the Schwarzwald-Stadion. The most recent game was a friendly match between the German National Football Team and the Luxembourg national football team, shortly before the 2006 Football World Cup. During the World Cup the stadium was used as a training ground for the Netherlands national football team, which was quartered in Hinterzarten for the duration. The Germany national under-21 football team has played three times at the stadium.

On February 28, 2008, the German women's national football team played a friendly match against the China women's national football team. 20,000 spectators came to watch the German team win 2:0. In May 2010, the Dutch National Soccer Team returned to Freiburg and played a test match against the Mexico national football team as part of the preparations for the World Cup.

From the beginning of 2012 until the middle of 2014, the stadium was called the Mage Solar Stadion.[10]

On September 25, 2014, it was announced that the Schwarzwald Tourismus GmbH and seven other financing partners(Freiburg Wirtschaft Touristik und Messe GmbH & Co. KG, Hochschwarzwald Tourismus GmbH (HTG), Liftverbund Feldberg, Hermann Wein Schwarzwälder Genuss Manufaktur, Julabo Labortechnik, Schleith-Gruppe, and AHP Merkle) had taken over the trademark rights of the stadium for five years. They also decided to change the name of the stadium to Schwarzwald-Stadion.[11] The name change was ratified by the Freiburg municipal council on October 7, 2014.[12]

The stadium can be reached via the tram line "Stadtbahnlinie 1" or via the Höllentalbahn, which stops at the train-station Freiburg-Littenweiler. The Schwarzwaldstraße and connecting streets between Hansjakobstraße and the Schwarzwaldstraße are closed during home games for all non-residents.

Stadium Newsletter[edit]

The "SC-Report" was circulated at no cost until the 1995–96 Bundesliga season. Since then the stadium newsletter "Heimspiel"(home game) has existed. After the first ascension into the 1. Bundesliga in 1993, a multitude of Fanzines came out of the Freiburg fan community. The "Fanman" and "Charly" Fanzines are well known even outside of Freiburg. During the 2009–10 Bundesliga season, the Freiburg Ultra-scene released the "Bruddler", a successor of the "Dreisamgeplätscher", which was released by the Wilden Jungs Freiburg. The "Dreisamgeplätscher" was published twice during the 2008-09 Bundesliga season. The "Bruddler" fanzine was discontinued, and the "Dreisamgeplätscher" was published biannually starting in the 2010-11 Bundesliga season. The publishing is done exclusively by the Wilden Jungs Freiburg.

International Matches[edit]

Placard regarding construction on the stadium

Men[edit]

Four international matches of the German National Football Team took place in the Schwarzwald-Stadion:

U21-National team:

The Netherlands National Football Team and the Mexico National Football Team played each other:

Women[edit]

The Women's National Team played once in the Schwarzwald-Stadion:

  • February 28, 2008:  Germany China 2:0

Awards[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Werner Skrentny (Hrsg.): Das große Buch der deutschen Fußballstadien. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-89533-306-9, S. 129–131

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.scfreiburg.com/verein/daten-fakten/stadion
  2. ^ http://www.badische-zeitung.de/freiburg/uefa-genehmigt-europa-league-spiele-im-sc-stadion--73356745.html
  3. ^ http://www.badische-zeitung.de/freiburg/der-sc-freiburg-kickt-wohl-bald-im-schwarzwaldstadion--87631347.html
  4. ^ http://www.badische-zeitung.de/freiburg/umbau-des-sc-stadions-vom-tisch-standortsuche-fuer-neue-arena-beginnt--65628774.html
  5. ^ http://www.scfreiburg.com/verein/daten-fakten/stadion
  6. ^ http://www.scfreiburg.com/verein/daten-fakten/stadion
  7. ^ Joachim Röderer (2013-07-05). "Freiburg: Uefa genehmigt Europa-League-Spiele im SC-Stadion" (in German). Badische Zeitung. Retrieved 2014-08-28. 
  8. ^ "Spielfeld zu klein: Freiburg erhält erneut Ausnahmegenehmigung" (in German). RevierSport. 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  9. ^ http://www.scfreiburg.com/verein/daten-fakten/stadion
  10. ^ "Freiburg: Neuer Name für Mage-Solar-Stadion" (in German). TV Südbaden. 2014-07-17. Retrieved 2014-09-05. 
  11. ^ "Private Sponsoren gefunden: Der SC Freiburg kickt in Zukunft im Schwarzwald-Stadion" (in German). Schwarzwald Tourismus GmbH (STG). 2014-09-25. Retrieved 2014-09-25. 
  12. ^ Yvonne Weik (2014-10-09). "Ja zum Schwarzwaldstadion: Gemeinderat segnet neuen Namen ab" (in German). Badische Zeitun. Retrieved 2014-10-25. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°59′20″N 7°53′35″E / 47.98889°N 7.89306°E / 47.98889; 7.89306