Magelang Regency

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Magelang Regency

Kabupaten Magelang
Coat of arms of Magelang Regency
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
De Tuin van Java
Motto(s): 
Magelang Gemilang
(Gemah Ripah Iman Cemerlang)
Locator kabupaten magelang.png
Country Indonesia
Province Central Java
CapitalMungkid
Area
 • Total1,085.73 km2 (419.20 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Total1,295,019
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7
Websitemagelangkab.go.id

Magelang (Javanese: ꦩꦒꦼꦭꦁ) is a regency in Central Java, Indonesia, famous for its 9th century Buddhist temple of Borobudur. Its capital is Mungkid. It covers an area of 1,085.73 km2 and had a populatiuon of 1,181,723 at the 2010 Census;[3] the latest official estimate (for mid 2019) is 1,295,019.[2] These figures exclude the autonomous city of Magelang, which is separately administered but is geographically enclaved within the regency, which borders Temanggung Regency to the north, Semarang Regency to the northeast, Boyolali Regency to the east, the Special Region of Yogyakarta to the south and southeast, Purworejo Regency to the southwest, and Wonosobo Regency to the west. Its motto is Magelang Gemilang (Shining Magelang).

History[edit]

The history of this regency is tied with the history of the city of Magelang. In 1812, Lieutenant-Governor Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles appointed Ngabel Danuningrat as the first regent of Magelang. This was a consequence of a treaty between England and Yogyakarta Sultanate in 1 August 1812 that hands over control of the Kedu region to England. As directed by his teacher, he chose an area between the Mantiasih and Gelangan village as the capital.[4]

In 1930, a new regent was appointed, named Ngabei Danukusumo, replacing the Danuningrat dynasty who held the regent position before, and Magelang became a gemeente, together with the city of Semarang, Salatiga, and Pekalongan. The mayor position was only appointed in 1924. But, the city of Magelang was still the office of the regent. As a result, there are several regional leaders in the city of Magelang.[4]

In 1948, the position of the regency was strengthened through UU No. 2 1948, with Magelang City being the capital. In 1950, based on UU No. 13 1950, the city was declared independent of the regency and given the right to manage its own matters, so there was a need to move the capital. There were two contenders for the capital city of Magelang Regency, namely Grabag and Muntilan, but they were rejected. On 22 March 1984, the southern Mertoyudan district and the northern Mungkid district were officially chosen as the capital by the governor of Central Java, under the name of Mungkid City.[4]

Borobudur temple in Magelang around 1866.
An 1895 hand-tinted lantern slide of a guardian statue at Borobudur (Photograph by William Henry Jackson). This dvarapala statue once found on Dagi Hill.

Geography[edit]

Magelang Regency is located at a plateau, which is shaped like a basin, surrounded by mountains, such as Mount Merbabu and Mount Merapi. Many water sources originate from the mountains. Progo River and Elo River passes through the regency. Most of the area in the regency is either hilly or steep, with little flat area.[5]

Geology[edit]

The southwestern part of the regency (Salaman and southern Borobudur district) has breccia, andesite, dacites, tuffs, and agglomerate stones, which are part of the Old Andesite Formation. Rocks from volcanoes around the regency form the Magelang plain as fertile alluvial sediment soil. In the middle of the regency, the ground is made of sediment/alluvial soil, which is weathered from rocks. Meanwhile, the ground in the slopes and foothills of the mountains are from volcanic sediments.[5]

Climate[edit]

Magelang Regency has an average temperature of 25.62 °C (78.12 °F), with humidity at 82%, and an average of 2,589 mm (101.9 in) rainfall per year. Magelang Regency also has an average of 121 rainy days/year and an average wind speed of 1.8 knots (3.3 km/h; 2.1 mph).[5]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Magelang Regency is divided into twenty-one districts (kecamatan), aubdivided into 367 rural villages (desa), and five urban villages (kelurahan).[6] The districts are trabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census;[7] together with latest official estimate (for mid 2019).[2]

Magelang's districts (Kecamatan)
Districts Area (km)[1] Population
Census 2010[8]
Population
Estimate 2019[2]
Population
density
per km2 (2019)[2]
Salaman 68.87 65,871 74,561 1,082.63
Borobudur 54.55 55,563 62,970 1,154.35
Ngluwar 22.44 29,866 32,709 1,457.62
Salam 31.63 44,488 48,149 1,522.26
Srumbung 53.18 44,827 49,073 922.77
Dukun 53.40 42,931 47,110 882.2
Muntilan 28.61 74,843 79,348 2,773.44
Mungkid
(administrative capital)
37.40 68,682 74,653 1,996.07
Sawangan 72.37 53,624 57,293 791.67
Candimulyo 46.95 45,367 50,121 1,067.54
Mertoyudan 45.35 104,934 109,803 2,421.23
Tempuran 49.04 46,434 52,218 1,064.80
Kajoran 83.41 51,508 60,217 721.94
Kaliangkrik 57.34 52,310 59,808 1,043.04
Bandongan 45.79 54,533 61,085 1,334.02
Windusari 61.65 46,305 51,604 837.05
Secang 47.34 74,713 80,894 1,708.79
Tegalrejo 35.89 53,195 53,510 1,490.95
Pakis 69.56 52,255 54,159 778.59
Grabag 77.16 81,533 93,252 1,208.55
Ngablak 43.80 37,941 42,482 969.91
Totals 1,085.73 1,181,723 1,295,019 1,192.76

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1961719,703—    
1971830,199+15.4%
1980932,748+12.4%
19901,015,809+8.9%
20001,111,876+9.5%
20051,137,938+2.3%
20101,181,723+3.8%
20151,244,558+5.3%
20191,295,019+4.1%
Source: [9][10][11][12][13][14][2]

Magelang Regency had a population of 1,295,019 in 2019,[2] which is an increase of 50,461 since the 2015 census.[14] The gender ratio in 2019 was 98.28 (males per 100 females).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "BPS Kabupaten Magelang". magelangkab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "BPS Kabupaten Magelang". magelangkab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  3. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c "Sejarah Kabupaten Magelang | Asal Nama Magelang - Bupati Magelang". Visit Magelang | Review Tempat Wisata, Kuliner & Akomodasi (in Indonesian). Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  5. ^ a b c "geografis" (PDF). Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  6. ^ "Peraturan Menteri Dalam Negeri Nomor 137 Tahun 2017 tentang Kode dan Data Wilayah Administrasi Pemerintahan". Kementerian Dalam Negeri Republik Indonesia. Archived from the original on 29 December 2018. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  7. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  8. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  9. ^ "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  10. ^ "Badan Pusat Statistik". www.bps.go.id. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  11. ^ "BPS Kabupaten Magelang". magelangkab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  12. ^ "BPS Kabupaten Magelang". magelangkab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  13. ^ "BPS Kabupaten Magelang". magelangkab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  14. ^ a b "Indonesia: Central Java Province (Regencies and Cities) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 11 November 2020.

Coordinates: 7°25′39″S 110°09′43″E / 7.4275°S 110.1619°E / -7.4275; 110.1619