Maggi

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For other uses, see Maggi (disambiguation).
Maggi advertisement in Senegal

Maggi[pronunciation 1] is an international brand of seasonings, instant soups, and noodles that originated in Switzerland. The brand was acquired by Nestlé in 1947.[1]


Company history[edit]

The company originated in Switzerland in 1885, when Julius Maggi took over his father's mill. He quickly became a pioneer of industrial food production, aiming to improve the nutritional intake of worker families. Maggi was the first to bring protein-rich legume meals to the market, and followed up with a ready-made soup based on legume meals in 1886. In 1897, Julius Maggi founded the company Maggi GmbH in Singen, Germany.

In 1947, following several changes in ownership and corporate structure, Maggi's holding company merged with the Nestlé company to form Nestlé-Alimentana S.A., currently known in its francophone home base as Nestlé S.A.[2]

Products[edit]

Cube[edit]

The bouillon cube or Maggi cube is a meat substitute product that was introduced in 1908.

In West Africa and parts of the Middle East, Maggi cubes are an integral part of the local cuisine. In Haiti and throughout Latin America, Maggi products, especially bouillon cubes, are widely sold with some repackaging to reflect local terminology.[3] In the German, Dutch, and Danish languages, lovage has come to be known as Maggi herb (Ger. Maggikraut, Du. maggikruid or maggiplant, Da. maggiurt), because it tastes similar to Maggi sauce, although lovage is not present in the sauce.

Seasoning sauce[edit]

In Australia, China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Thailand, the Philippines, Singapore, Pakistan, Mexico, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, German-speaking countries, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Poland and France, "Maggi" is still synonymous with Maggi-Würze (Maggi seasoning sauce), a dark, soy sauce-type hydrolysed vegetable protein-based condiment sauce. In Spain and Mexico, it is sold under the name Jugo Maggi.[4]

Noodles[edit]

Maggi instant noodles are popular in India and Malaysia. Nestle has 39% market share in Malaysia, where "Maggi" is synonymous with instant noodles,[5] and had 90% market share in India prior to a nationwide ban by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India. Following the ban, the market share was reduced to 53% in India.[6] In Malaysia, fried noodles made from Maggi noodles are called Maggi goreng.

In June 2015, tests in India found high amounts of lead in Maggi noodles. The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India ordered a national recall for all 9 variants of Maggi Instant Noodles and Oats Masala Noodles.[7][8]

In India, Maggi noodles carry a green dot, meaning they are specifically formulated to serve vegetarians.[9] This special formulation is not available in other countries, unless imported from India.

Dehydrated soup[edit]

Like other dehydrated soup mixes, Maggi Onion Soup mix is often combined with reduced cream to create a French onion dip.[10]

Maggi Noodles safety concerns in India[edit]

In May 2015, Food Safety Regulators from Barabanki, a district of Uttar Pradesh, India reported that samples of Maggi 2 Minute Noodles had unexpectedly high levels of monosodium glutamate, as well as up to 17 times the permissible limit of lead. This finding led to multiple market withdrawals and investigations in India and beyond.[11][12][13][14][15]

Timeline[edit]

  • June 3, 2015 – The New Delhi Government banned the sale of Maggi in New Delhi stores for 15 days due to these findings.[16] First Information Reports (FIRs) against Bollywood Maggi Brand Ambassadors Amitabh Bachchan, Madhuri Dixit, & Preity Zinta were lodged by Sudhir Kumar Ojha, a lawyer, at Muzaffarpur district court, asking the authorities to arrest them if required. He complained that he fell sick after eating Maggi which he had purchased from a shop at Lenin Chowk on 30 May.[17]
  • June 4, 2015 – The Gujarat FDA banned the noodles for 30 days after 27 out of 39 samples were detected with objectionable levels of metallic lead, among other things,[18] and Assam banned sale, distribution, and storage of Maggi's "extra delicious chicken noodles" variety for 30 days after tests carried out at the state public health laboratory concluded that the particular variety contained added monosodium glutamate and an excessively high amount of lead.[19] On June 4, 2015 the government of Tamil Nadu banned Maggi foods due to an unacceptable amount of lead and other components.[20]
  • June 5, 2015 – The Andhra Pradesh Government also banned Maggi foods.[21]
  • Also on June 5, 2015, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) ordered a recall of all nine approved variants of Maggi instant noodles and oats masala noodles, suggesting that they were unsafe and hazardous for human consumption.[22] On the same day, the Food Standards Agency of the United Kingdom launched an investigation into the level of lead in Maggi noodles.[23]
  • June 6, 2015 – The Central Government of India banned nationwide sales of Maggi noodles for an indefinite period.[24]
  • June 26, 2015 – During a press meeting, the Minister for Health and Family Welfare of Karnataka, U. T. Khader, stated that Maggi foods would not be banned.[25]
  • July, 2015 – The Bombay High Court allowed the export of Maggi while the ban in India remained.[26]
  • August 2015 – Tests performed by the US health regulator FDA showed no dangerous lead levels in the products.[27] On 13 August 2015, the nationwide ban was struck down by the Bombay high court.[28] The court stated that proper procedure was not followed in issuing the ban and called into question the test results, as the samples were not tested at authorized laboratories accredited to the National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL).[29]

Additional market bans[edit]

Some of India's biggest retailers (including Future Group's Big Bazaar, Easyday, and Nilgiris) imposed a nationwide ban on Maggi.[30] In addition, multiple state authorities in India found an unacceptable amount of lead, leading to bans in more than 5 other states.[31][32]

Nepal indefinitely banned Maggi over concerns about the lead levels in the product.[33] Maggi noodles were subsequently withdrawn from the market of five African nations: Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda and South Sudan.[34]

Testing controversies[edit]

  • Monosodium glutamate (MSG): Testing found some MSG in Maggi noodles. The packet stated "No added MSG"; however, MSG naturally occurs in hydrolyzed peanut protein, onion powder and wheat flour. Maggi offered to remove the words "No added MSG" from the package to overcome the objection.[35]
  • Lead: Maggi noodles include flavouring packets named "Tastemaker" which is intended to dissolve in water during cooking. Maggi insisted that testing should be done on the product as it is eaten; however, the FSSAI insisted that the powder itself should be tested. On June 5, the FSSAI said that the prescribed standards of 2.5 parts per million would have to apply to all components of the product. Out of the 13 samples tested by Delhi authorities, 10 of them had lead content exceeding this limit. The packets that initiated the investigation from Uttar Pradesh had 17.2 ppm of lead.[36] Nestlé also questioned the reliability of the labs used. Results from testing outside of India (Singapore,[37] US[27]) reported that Maggi noodles were safe. In the later Bombay High Court judgment, the court agreed that the test results by earlier labs were unreliable. The court mandated testing to be done at three specific laboratories (Punjab, Hyderabad and Jaipur) where Maggi was found safe.[38] The lead may have been naturally occurring in plants and soil[39] or from Indian spices, although within acceptable limits.[40]

Company response[edit]

Maggi has always insisted that their noodle product is safe.[41] Maggi recalled stock worth nearly Rs 320 crore from the shelves and paid 20 crores to a cement factory to burn the product. In addition, Corporate Affairs Ministry imposed a Rs 640 crore fine on Nestle India for the presence of MSG and lead beyond the permissible limit.[42]

Return to market[edit]

In India, Maggi products were returned to the shelves in November 2015,[43][44] accompanied by a Nestlé advertising campaign to win back the trust of members of the Indian community.[45] At this time, the Maggi anthem by Vir Das and Alien Chutney took the nation by storm.[46] Nestlé resumed production of Maggi at all five India-based plants on 30 November 2015.[47]

FSSAI sting operation[edit]

In October 2015, the India Today Television team conducted a sting operation in which they approached FSSAI officials, pretending to have a food product with high lead levels. The team reported that one of the officials agreed to pass the samples without conducting any tests.[48] Food and Consumer Affairs Minister Ram Vilas Paswan reacted to the operation, promising to take serious action, although FSSAI is not administered by his ministry.[49]

Criticism[edit]

Nestlé has faced criticism for its advertising not adhering to marketing regulations in developed countries, and for making misleading claims in developing countries.[citation needed] In October 2008 Nestlé mistakenly aired a commercial meant for Bangladeshi television on British TV. The advert made false claims that the noodles would "help to build strong muscles, bone, and hair". The British Advertising Standards Authority stated that the advertisement did not abide by the new EU consumer protection legislation, by which advertisers have to provide proof of health claims.[50]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Italian pronunciation: [ˈmaːddʒi]; Swiss German: [ˈmadʒi].
  1. ^ "Maggi". www.nestle.com. Retrieved 2016-02-03. 
  2. ^ "FOOD HISTORY: History of Maggi brand of Nestlé". www.world-foodhistory.com. Retrieved 2016-02-04. 
  3. ^ Albala, Ken (2011). Food Cultures of the World Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood. p. 166. ISBN 9780313376276. Retrieved 16 January 2016. 
  4. ^ "Seasoning Sauce | Maggi® | Brands & Offers | Nestlé Recipes". ElMejorNido.com. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  5. ^ "Noodles in Malaysia". Euromonitor.com. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  6. ^ "Noodles in India". Euromonitor.com. Retrieved 2016-01-17. 
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  13. ^ "Beware! Eating 2 -Minute Maggi Noodles can ruin your Nervous System". news.biharprabha.com. 18 May 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  14. ^ "Maggi Noodles Packets Recalled Across Uttar Pradesh, Say Food Inspectors: Report". NDTV. New Delhi, India. 20 May 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2015. 
  15. ^ Sushmi Dey (16 May 2015). "'Maggi' under regulatory scanner for lead, MSG beyond permissible limit". The Times of India. New Delhi, India. Retrieved 20 May 2015. 
  16. ^ "Delhi govt bans sales of Maggi from its stores: Report". Times of India. New Delhi, India. 3 June 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  17. ^ "Maggi case: Bollywood actors face FIR". The Hindu. 2015-06-03. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  18. ^ IANS (4 June 2015). "Gujarat bans Maggi noodles for 30 days". The Times of India. (The Times Group). Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  19. ^ "Timesofindia.indiatimes.com is temporarily unavailable". indiatimes.com. 
  20. ^ The author has posted comments on this article (2015-06-05). "Centre may ban Maggi as other brands fail test in TN – The Times of India". M.timesofindia.com. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
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  26. ^ Maulik Vyas, ET Bureau 1 July 2015, 03.59AM IST. "Bombay HC allows Nestle to export Maggi though ban continues in India – timesofindia-economictimes". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  27. ^ a b Share on Twitter (2015-08-13). "US health regulator says lead in Maggi within acceptable levels - Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  28. ^ "Ban on Maggi: High Court lifts ban, orders fresh tests within 6 weeks". 14 August 2015. 
  29. ^ Share on Twitter. "Relief for Nestle, Bombay HC sets aside food regulator's ban on Maggi – Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  30. ^ "Future Group bans Maggi too: The two-minute death of a India's favourite noodle brand". FirstPost. 3 June 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  31. ^ "North to south: 5 states ban two-minute Maggi noodles in a day | india". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  32. ^ "Maggi noodles fail Lucknow lab test". 
  33. ^ "Nepal bans import, sale of Maggi noodles | world". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
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  36. ^ Rohan Venkataramakrishnan. "Nestlé's defence: It is only real (lead-free) Maggi when the noodles and masala are boiled in water". Scroll.in. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  37. ^ Share on Twitter (2015-06-09). "Singapore resumes sale of India-made Maggi noodles - Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
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  40. ^ Park, Alice (2010-03-15). "Study: Indian Spices, Powders Linked with Lead Poisoning - TIME". Content.time.com. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  41. ^ "What testing methodology does Nestlé use? | MAGGI Noodles - Nestlé India | Nestlé India". Nestle.in. 2016-01-01. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  42. ^ Ruchika Shah (2015-10-30). "How much did Maggi ban cost Nestle India? | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". Dnaindia.com. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  43. ^ Bhusan, Ratna and Malviya, Sagar (17 October 2015) http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/cons-products/food/maggi-clears-all-tests-nestle-india-to-restart-production-within-2-3-weeks/articleshow/49423524.cms
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  45. ^ Digital Defynd. "Nestle tries to win back customer trust by evoking a century-old relationship". Digitaldefynd.com. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  46. ^ Goswami, Shreya (22 April 2016). "Try getting this Maggi song by Vir Das and Alien Chutney out of your head". India Today. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  47. ^ "Nestle resumes Maggi noodles production at all plants in India : The Hindu - Mobile edition". M.thehindu.com. 2015-11-30. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  48. ^ "Sting exposes FSSAI officials giving nod to unsafe products for bribe : Mail Today, News - India Today". Indiatoday.intoday.in. 2015-10-21. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
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External links[edit]