Maggot Brain (song)
|Song by Funkadelic from the album Maggot Brain|
|Recorded||1971 at Universal Studios, Detroit|
9:35 (alternate mix)
|Writer||Edward Hazel, George Clinton|
|Maggot Brain track listing|
The original recording of the song, over ten minutes long, features little more than a spoken introduction and a much-praised extended guitar solo by Eddie Hazel. Music critic Greg Tate described the song as Funkadelic's A Love Supreme; the song is #60 on the Rolling Stone list of 100 Greatest Guitar Songs. Reportedly, "Maggot Brain" was Hazel's nickname. Other sources say the title is a reference to band leader George Clinton finding his brother's "decomposed dead body, skull cracked, in a Chicago apartment." Michael Hampton (Hazel's replacement as lead guitarist) recorded his own interpretation of the song live in 1978, which was included in a bonus vinyl EP that was distributed with the album One Nation Under a Groove; the cut is also included in most CD editions of that album.
According to legend, George Clinton, under the influence of LSD, told Eddie Hazel during the recording session to imagine he had been told his mother was dead, but then learned that it was not true. The result was the 10-minute guitar solo for which Hazel is most fondly remembered by many music critics and fans. Though several other musicians began the track playing, Clinton soon realized how powerful Hazel's solo was and faded them out so that the focus would be on Hazel's guitar. Critics have described the solo as "lengthy, mind-melting" and "an emotional apocalypse of sound."
The entire track was recorded in one take. The solo is mostly played in a pentatonic minor scale in the key of E minor over another guitar track of a simple arpeggio. Hazel's solo was played through a fuzzbox and a Crybaby Wah wah pedal; some sections of the song utilize a delay effect. This style would be revisited later in Standing on the Verge of Getting It On on the track "Good Thoughts, Bad Thoughts". A live version with full band accompaniment was released in 1997 on the album "Funkadelic Finest".
From 1976 to 1995, disc jockey Bill "B.L.F. Bash" Freeman started a tradition of playing the original full version of the song on 100.7 WMMS/Cleveland every Sunday morning at 1:30 (around "last call"). The tradition picked up in 1987 is still carried on to this day, by Mr. Classic host of "The Saturday Night Live House Party" featured on 98.5 WNCX/Cleveland at 11:50pm. The song appeared in "The Down Low", an episode of the television series House and was featured in the films Towelhead and I Melt With You. In March 2005, Father Nature Magazine placed Eddie Hazel's performance on "Maggot Brain" at number 1 in its list of the 100 Greatest Guitar Solos; the solo came in at #71 in "100 Greatest Guitar Solos" by Guitar World. The solo has had great influence on some guitar players, Vernon Reid and Dean Ween among them.
- Eddie Hazel - lead guitar
- Tawl Ross - rhythm guitar
- Billy Bass Nelson - bass guitar
- Bernie Worrell - keyboards
- Tiki Fulwood - drums
- Spoken word by George Clinton
- Percussion by unknown
- A version of "Maggot Brain" appears on the Mike Watt record Ball-Hog or Tugboat? with the solo played by J Mascis. Bernie Worrell, who played keyboards on the original, plays on this cover version. Mike Watt and Nels Cline continue to cover "Maggot Brain" in live performances with the improv-collective unit Banyan.
- The song was also covered by Colonel Claypool's Bucket of Bernie Brains (C2B3), which is a band composed of Bernie Worrell, Les Claypool, Buckethead and Bryan "Brain" Mantia. The song was performed regularly while the band was on tour in 2004.
- Pearl Jam performed "Maggot Brain" live in concert at their Milwaukee, WI, performance on 9 July 1995. Beginning with a cover of Jimi Hendrix's Little Wing, guitarist Mike McCready merged into the Maggot Brain solo.
- Santana has covered "Maggot Brain" at numerous concerts since 1996.
- Lili Haydn covers "Maggot Brain", using her violin in place of guitar, on her 2006 EP Memory One. She also included a version as a bonus track on her 2008 album Place between Places.
- Kim Salmon's group Salmon covered the song on the vinyl edition of their debut album Rock Formations.
- Widespread Panic has covered "Maggot Brain" on several occasions from 1992 to 2014, occasionally with special guests such as Carlos Santana and Derek Trucks.
- Gov't Mule has covered "Maggot Brain" at numerous concerts since 2002.
- PTV3 (Psychic TV) has covered "Maggot Brain" on their 2010 12" EP Alien Brain vs. Maggot Brain and on their 2012 CD The Ballad of Genesis & Lady Jaye.
- John Frusciante said he was inspired by "Maggot Brain" to record his own version called Before The Beginning, which is featured on his 2009 album The Empyrean.
- Bardo Pond performed a 21-minute version of "Maggot Brain" on its 2013 EP Rise Above It All.
- Tate, Greg (January 12, 1993). "Eddie Hazel, 1950–1992". The Village Voice.
- "Eddie Hazel - 100 Greatest Guitarists". Rolling Stone. rollingstone.com. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
- Thompson, Dave (2001). Funk. Hal Leonard. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-87930-629-8.
- Vincent, Rickey (1996). Funk: the music, the people, and the rhythm of the one. Macmillan. p. 236. ISBN 978-0-312-13499-0.
- Bogdanov, Vladimir; Chris Woodstra; Stephen Thomas Erlewine (2002). All music guide to rock: the definitive guide to rock, pop, and soul. Hal Leonard. p. 440. ISBN 978-0-87930-653-3.
- Reid, Vernon (November 1993). "Brother from Another Planet: George Clinton Freed Our Mind. If Only Our Asses Would Follow". Vibe. pp. 45–48.
- Ween, Deen (June 2013). "Guitar Moves". Noisey.