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Maghas within medieval Alania (10th-12th century), according to Ossetian historian Ruslan Suleymanovich Bzarov.

Maghas or Maas — more properly, Mags or Maks — was the capital city of Alania,[1] a medieval kingdom in the Greater Caucasus. It is known exclusively from Islamic sources. On the territory of the Karachays was the capital of Alania (Lower-Arkhyz settlement),[2] where three 10th-century churches still stand. The destruction of Maghas is ascribed to Batu Khan, a Mongol leader and a grandson of Genghis Khan, in the beginning of 1239. Some Russian geographers, like D. V. Zayats, point to a location in Ingushetia.[3]


  1. ^ The Jews of Khazaria by Kevin Alan Brook
  2. ^ The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS): ИЭА РАН. Series "Народы и культуры" - "Карачаевцы. Балкарцы.". 2014, М.: "Наука", 2014, - pages 815., ISBN 978-5-02-038043-1, chapter 2, page 33"
  3. ^ D.V.Zayats (2001). "Maghas – "The Sun City" – New Capital of Ingushetia". Archived from the original on 2 May 2013.