Magic: The Gathering Commander
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|Released||June 17, 2011|
|Size||Five 100-card decks, including 51 new cards|
|Designers||Ken Nagle (Lead), Mark Gottlieb, Scott Larabee, Ryan Miller, Mark Purvis|
|Developers||Mark Globus (Lead), Peter Knudson, Erik Lauer, Ryan Miller, Lee Sharpe|
Commander is a format where players construct 100-card decks, with each card except basic lands appearing no more than once. Players also choose a legendary creature (or Planeswalker card in Commander 2014) to be their "Commander" (also known as a "General"), which begins the game in the "Command Zone". Each player's deck is based and built around their Commander's colors. In addition to the same losing conditions that exist in a normal game of Magic, each player starts the game with 40 life points instead of 20, and a player may lose if he or she is dealt 21 total points of combat damage from a single Commander throughout the game. Commander is most commonly played in groups of four, but larger groups do happen. A one-on-one variant on the Commander rule set has been rising in popularity.
Duel Commander is a variant of Commander, where it originally picked up its sources. It is now a very different format, with different mechanics. It got its origins from Level 5 Kevin Desprez, who brought the initial idea of Elder Dragon Highlander to France from the USA, before it spread across Europe and now gains over the rest of world.
The main difference is that players build decks with an eye toward 1 versus 1 duel rather than multiplayer.
The game is played by two opponents only, starts with 20 health points, and obeys the same rules as a regular Magic The Gathering game, one commander (or commanders with Partner ability) plus 99 (98) cards in the starting library. The mulligan system is the same as for sanctioned formats, and the construction rules follow the same color identity rule as the multiplayer version does. The rules and updates are currently published on a Facebook page using notes.
* A Facebook note as a quick start guide. * A Facebook note for comprehensive rules, inspired by the ones made by Wizards of The Coast. * A Facebook note for Frequently Asked Questions. * A Facebook note for the Committee board. * A Facebook note for the current Banned and Restricted lists. * A Facebook note for each update.
The Rules Committee publishes an update every time Wizards of the Coast publishes one, every three months, after the prerelease weekend. Updates usually apply the by the end of the week during which they get published, just like Wizards Of The Coast does.
The Committee has evolved for over 15 years and is now made of:
* Core Members, who get to take the final considerations and decisions. They are in limited numbers for logical and pragmatic reasons. * Regional Coordinators, who are here to establish a geographic link between the committee and their respective local areas, especially when they're out of reach from other members. * Advisors, who are chosen for their wisdom. They're here with no particular profile. They can be judges, players, gurus, people with an interest in Duel Commander or anything good to bring here to us all. * Technical Coordinators, who are here to make sure that the Committee uses the best tools and mechanics, and to coordinate people.
Magic: The Gathering Commander was released on June 17, 2011. It consisted of five preconstructed decks, each containing three foil oversized legendary creature cards. This set is notable in that it was the first set printed outside of the normal booster pack expansions to have functionally new cards. The set introduced 51 new cards, made specifically for multi-player games.
Each deck is built around a new legendary creature and a distinct mechanical theme. In addition to the intended Commander, they include two other new legendary creatures.
- Heavenly Inferno (white/black/red, commanded by Kaalia of the Vast) features a variety of Angels, Demons, and Dragons that Kaalia can put directly into play, and numerous creature destruction effects. Its other new Legendary creatures are Tariel, Reckoner of Souls and Basandra, Battle Seraph.
- Mirror Mastery (blue/red/green, commanded by Riku of Two Reflections) uses large amounts of mana acceleration to cast powerful spells and creatures for Riku to copy. Its other new Legendary creatures are Animar, Soul of Elements and Edric, Spymaster of Trest.
- Counterpunch (black/green/white, commanded by Ghave, Guru of Spores) is constructed around the dual themes of creature tokens and +1/+1 counters. Its other new Legendary creatures are Karador, Ghost Chieftain and Vish Kal, Blood Arbiter.
- Political Puppets (red/white/blue, commanded by Zedruu the Greathearted) uses Zedruu to gain cards and life while earning good will and turning opponents against each other. Its other new Legendary creatures are Ruhan of the Fomori and Nin, the Pain Artist.
- Devour for Power (green/blue/black, commanded by The Mimeoplasm) fills graveyards with creatures in order to power up The Mimeoplasm and other synergistic cards. Its other new Legendary creatures are Damia, Sage of Stone and Skullbriar, the Walking Grave.
Commander's Arsenal is a set with 18 premium foil cards, 10 oversized premium foil cards, card sleeves, a life counter, and tokens for keeping track of in-game effects. The set was released on November 2, 2012. Each card in the set was the first edition of that card to receive premium foil treatment, the first to be printed in the modern frame, and/or received special art.
Commander 2013 was released on November 1, 2013. It introduced five new pre-constructed decks, each built around one of the three-colored "shards". 51 new cards were printed for Commander 2013, including five that introduced the mechanic Tempting offer, which allows opponents to duplicate the card's effect but at the cost of granting its controller a larger effect.
- Evasive Maneuvers (green/white/blue, commanded by Derevi, Empyrial Tactician)
- Eternal Bargain (white/blue/black, commanded by Oloro, Ageless Ascetic)
- Mind Seize (blue/black/red, commanded by Jeleva, Nephalia's Scourge)
- Power Hungry (black/red/green, commanded by Prossh, Skyraider of Kher)
- Nature of the Beast (red/green/white, commanded by Marath, Will of the Wild)
Commander 2014 was released on November 7, 2014. It introduced five new pre-constructed decks, each built around one of the five colors. 61 new cards were printed for Commander 2014, including five that introduced the Lieutenent mechanic, which gives a bonus for the creature if you also control your Commander, and the first ever Planeswalkers that can be your Commander.
- Forged In Stone (white, commanded by Nahiri, the Lithomancer)
- Peer Through Time (blue, commanded by Teferi, Temporal Archmage)
- Sworn To Darkness (black, commanded by Ob Nixilis of the Black Oath)
- Built From Scratch (red, commanded by Daretti, Scrap Savant)
- Guided By Nature (green, commanded by Freyalise, Llanowar's Fury)
Commander 2015 was released on November 10, 2015. It introduced five new pre-constructed decks, built around "enemy" two-color combinations. 55 new cards were printed, including new commanders that utilized "experience counters" to grow more powerful as the game progressed. Other new cards introduced the Myriad mechanic, which allowed a single creature to attack every opponent simultaneously.
- Call the Spirits (white/black, commanded by Daxos the Returned)
- Seize Control (blue/red, commanded by Mizzix of the Izmagnus)
- Plunder the Graves (black/green, commanded by Meren of Clan Nel Toth)
- Wade into Battle (red/white, commanded by Kalemne, Disciple of Iroas)
- Swell the Host (green/blue, commanded by Ezuri, Claw of Progress)
Commander 2016 was released on November 11, 2016. It introduced five new pre-constructed decks, built around four-color combinations. 56 new cards were printed, including new commanders.
- Entropic Uprising (blue/black/red/green, commanded by Yidris, Maelstrom Wielder)
- Open Hostility (black/red/green/white, commanded by Saskia the Unyielding)
- Stalwart Unity (red/green/white/blue, commanded by Kynaios and Tiro of Meletis)
- Breed Lethality (green/white/blue/black, commanded by Atraxa, Praetors' Voice)
- Invent Superiority (white/blue/black/red, commanded by Breya, Etherium Shaper)
Commander Anthology will be released on June 9, 2017. It is a boxed re-release of four pre-constructed decks, one from each of the first four years of Commander sets.
- Heavenly Inferno (2011) (white/black/red, commanded by Kaalia of the Vast)
- Evasive Maneuvers (2013) (green/white/blue, commanded by Derevi, Empyrial Tactician)
- Guided By Nature (2014) (green, commanded by Freyalise, Llanowar's Fury)
- Plunder the Graves (2015) (black/green, commanded by Meren of Clan Nel Toth)
- Shawn Main (May 20, 2014). "Conspiring a Conspiracy". Wizards of the Coast. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
- "EDH is now Commander". TCGplayer.com. December 2, 2010. Retrieved June 21, 2011.
- "Magic: The Gathering Commander Rules". Wizards of the Coast. Retrieved June 21, 2011.,
- "Deck Construction Rules". MTGCommander.com. Retrieved June 21, 2011.
- "Commander Spoiler". MTG Salvation. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
- Ashley, Monty (December 2, 2010). "Announcing Magic: The Gathering Commander". Wizards of the Coast. Retrieved June 5, 2011.
- Ashley, Monty (June 14, 2011). "Magic: The Gathering Commander Decklists". Wizards of the Coast. Retrieved June 3, 2012.
- Ashley, Monty (August 10, 2012). "Commander's Arsenal". Wizards of the Coast. Retrieved January 4, 2013.