Magnetawan

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Magnetawan
Municipality (single-tier)
Municipality of Magnetawan
Magnetawan on the Magnetawan River
Magnetawan on the Magnetawan River
Magnetawan is located in Southern Ontario
Magnetawan
Magnetawan
Coordinates: 45°40′N 79°38′W / 45.667°N 79.633°W / 45.667; -79.633Coordinates: 45°40′N 79°38′W / 45.667°N 79.633°W / 45.667; -79.633
Country Canada
Province Ontario
DistrictParry Sound
Settled1870s
IncorporatedJanuary 1, 1998
Government
 • TypeTownship
 • MayorSam Dunnett
 • Federal ridingParry Sound—Muskoka
 • Prov. ridingParry Sound—Muskoka
Area[1]
 • Land531.53 km2 (205.22 sq mi)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total1,390
 • Density2.6/km2 (7/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal CodeP0A
Area code(s)705
Websitewww.magnetawan.com
Municipal office and library

Magnetawan is a township in the Almaguin Highlands region of the Parry Sound District in the Canadian province of Ontario, as well as the name of the primary population centre in the township.

The core rock samples done by Walfried Schwerdtner in the surrounding area, show mostly foliated Grenville Gneiss.[2]

Barbara Hanley, the first woman ever elected mayor of a community in Canada, was born in Magnetawan in 1882.

The community is twinned with the city of Baltimore, Maryland.

Magnetawan is a historic village with a surrounding municipality that provides various attractions. From the museum to the picturesque waters, are all a part of this municipality. The downtown used to consist of a restaurant named The Magnetawan Inn, also June's Inn, as well as a small hotel/bar, and a General Store. In the summer of 2011, on July 30, the General Store burned down taking part of the Magnetawan Inn with it.[3]

The Magnetawan Inn, 2011
General Store in town until 2011

In the downtown, there is now a brand new general store/restaurant built between 2012 and 2013. Also, there is a museum, Lions Pavilion Park, farmers market, little shops, locks/dams, and a LCBO store. In the village, there is a school, churches, golf course named Ahmic Lake Golf Club, post office, a library, the municipality offices, and the municipality pavilion.[4] Magnetawan is also home to many resorts and rentable cottages. Two of the biggest resorts are Woodland Echoes as well as Ahmic Lake Resort, where the Swiss Country House Restaurant is located.

Magnetawan is the setting for The Rogue Hunter, the tenth book in the popular Urban Fantasy Argeneau series by Ontario-born author Lynsay Sands.

Communities[edit]

The township comprises the communities of Ahmic Harbour, Ahmic Lake, Cecebe, Cedar Croft, Chikopi, Dufferin Bridge, Magnetawan, North Seguin, Oranmore, Pearceley, Port Anson and Port Carmen, as well as the ghost town of Spence.

History[edit]

The first people to inhabit the region were the Hurons, Ojibway and Algonquins, who would visit the area in the summer for hunting and fishing but sheltered on Georgian Bay in the winter. While some Europeans explored the region in the early 19th century, settlement and colonization by Europeans was hardly taking place, so much so that the government considered turning the entire region into an Indian reserve.[5]

But when pine stands in southern Ontario became depleted, the area attracted loggers and the government changed its mind and encouraged settlement through free land grants, first offered in 1853. Settlement happened slowly but accelerated when the colonization road from Rosseau to Nipissing began being built in 1866.[5] In 1868, the government passed the Free Grand Land and Homestead Act and began advertising this extensively in European countries to attract new immigrants.[6] Croft Township was surveyed in 1869, Chapman Township in 1870, and the village of Magnetawan was mapped out in 1873.[7]

The Great North Road, from Parry Sound to Nipissing, reached the Magnetawan at Ahmic Harbour, in 1870.[8]

The 76 miles (122 km) stretch of the colony road, from Rousseau to Nipissing reached the Magnetawan in 1874, where the historic village of Magnetawan was built.[8] In 1879 a pair of small steamships started carrying cargo and passengers over the 20 miles (32 km) reach from the rapids at the village upstream to Burk's Falls.

Burk's Falls was linked to the south by a railroad in 1885.[8] A lock was completed, enabling navigation west of the rapids at the historic village of Magnetawan, in 1886. Following its completion larger steamships started carrying cargo and passengers, and towing log booms, over the reach from Burk's Falls to Ahmic Harbour. During its first 25 years of operation the lock-keeper recorded steamships transited the lock 17,590 times. The last steamship, a tugboat used to tow log-booms, used the river in 1934

The Township of Magnetawan was formed in 1998 through the amalgamation of the Township of Chapman and the Village of Magnetawan, along with the unincorporated geographic Townships of Croft and Spence.

Magnetawan in the Algonquin language means "swiftly flowing river."[9]

Demographics[edit]

Canada census – Magnetawan community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 1390 (-4.4% from 2011) 1454 (-9.7% from 2006) 1610 (20.0% from 2001)
Land area: 531.53 km2 (205.22 sq mi) 531.83 km2 (205.34 sq mi) 523.07 km2 (201.96 sq mi)
Population density: 2.6/km2 (6.7/sq mi) 2.7/km2 (7.0/sq mi) 3.1/km2 (8.0/sq mi)
Median age: 57.4 (M: 56.6, F: 58.1) 54.3 (M: 54.6, F: 54.1) 51.3 (M: 51.6, F: 50.9)
Total private dwellings: 1698 1782 1901
Median household income: $43,551
References: 2016[10] 2011[1] 2006[11] earlier[12]

Population trend:[13]

  • Population in 2016: 1390 (2011 to 2016 population change: -4.4%)
  • Population in 2011: 1454
  • Population in 2006: 1610
  • Population in 2001: 1342
  • Population total in 1996: 1324
    • Magnetawan (village): 241
    • Chapman (township): 645
  • Population in 1991:
    • Magnetawan (village): 267
    • Chapman (township): 605

Mother tongue:[14]

  • English as first language: 87.2%
  • French as first language: 2.5%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 10.3%

Local lakes and rivers[edit]

Ahmic Harbour
  • Old Man's Lake
  • Ahmic Lake Filled with these species of fish: Smallmouth Bass, Largemouth Bass, Pickerel(Walleye)stocked yearly,[15] Crappie, Sunfish, Rock Bass, Whitefish, Catfish, Perch, and Northern Pike.
Calm waters by Ahmic Harbor

Attractions[edit]

Though there are endless possibilities to do in Magnetawan, this is just a list of unique characteristics about this town.[16]

  • Echo Rock on Lake Cecebe
  • The shipwreck of the steamboat called the Wenoah in Lake Cecebe
  • The Trans-Canada Trail
  • Hand Operated Dam and Locks
  • Knoepfli and Fagans Falls
  • The Lighthouse on the Magnetawan River
  • Woodland Echoes Resort http://www.woodlandechoes.on.ca/
  • Camp Kahquah [17]
  • Golfing
  • Multipurpose Pavilion
  • Horseback riding
  • Fishing and boating in the local lakes
  • Hunting
  • Snowmobiling and dog sledding

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Statistics Canada 2011 Census - Magnetawan Census Profile Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "cp2011" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  2. ^ Schwerdtner, W (2008). "Structure of Ahmic domain and its vicinity, southwestern Central Gneiss Belt, Grenville Province of Ontario (Canada)". Precambrian Research. 167 (1–2): 16–34. doi:10.1016/j.precamres.2008.07.002.
  3. ^ [Nugget Staff. (2011, July 31). Magnetawan general store, restaurant destroyed by fire. Retrieved February 24, 2014, from Nugget.ca website:http://www.nugget.ca/2011/07/31/[permanent dead link] magnetawan-general-store-restaurant-destroyed-by-fire].
  4. ^ [Magnetawan and Area Business Association. (2013). Home. Retrieved February 24, 2014, from Magnetawan and Area Business Association website: http://www.magnetawanarea.com/index.html].
  5. ^ a b "Aborginals Hurons, Ojibway and Algonquins". Municipality of Magnetawan. Retrieved 2010-08-24.
  6. ^ "The Land Grants". Municipality of Magnetawan. Retrieved 2010-08-24.
  7. ^ Elise von Koerber, native of Baden-Baden, since 1872 appointed immigration agent by the federal government of Canada. She brought several hundred German-speaking Swiss citizens to Magnetawan. French-speaking persons mostly went to the Doe Lake. In 1881, about 200 Swiss remained in this region.
  8. ^ a b c Astrid Taim (2016). "Astrid Taim's Almaguin Chronicles 2-Book Bundle: Almaguin / Almaguin Chronicles". Dundurn Press. ISBN 9781459737006. Retrieved 2018-09-08.
  9. ^ [Almaguin Highlands. (2013). Magnetawan Ontario. Retrieved February 24, 2014, from Almaguin Highlands website: http://www.almaguinhighlands.com/almaguin/communities/magnetawan.html].
  10. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". Canada 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  11. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
  12. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  13. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 census
  14. ^ "2006 Magnetawan community profile".
  15. ^ Fox, M. G. (1993). "A comparison of zygote survival of native and non-native walleye stocks in two Georgian Bay rivers". Environmental Biology of Fishes. 38 (4): 379–383. doi:10.1007/BF00007532.
  16. ^ [Municipality of Magnetawan. (2014). Local Attractions. Retrieved February 24, 2014, from Municipality of Magnetawan website: http://magnetawan.com/index.php/tourism/local-attractions].
  17. ^ [Camp Kahquah. (2014). Here Comes Summer. Retrieved February 24, 2014, from Camp Kahquah website: http://www.campkahquah.com/].

External links[edit]