Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
|Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography|
MRCP image showing stones in the distal common bile duct: (a) Gallbladder with stones (b) Stone in bile duct (c) Pancreatic duct (d) Duodenum.
Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is a medical imaging technique that uses magnetic resonance imaging to visualize the biliary and pancreatic ducts in a non-invasive manner. This procedure can be used to determine if gallstones are lodged in any of the ducts surrounding the gallbladder.
It was introduced in 1991.
Comparison to other techniques
In the diagnosis of pancreatic disorders, MRCP is a much less invasive investigation when compared to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Although both techniques can image the ductal system in detail, MRCP also allows imaging of the surrounding parenchyma. In a study from 2008, 269 patients undergoing both ERCP and MRCP showed that the MRCP compared favourably next to the more invasive technique.
- Prasad, SR; D. Sahani; S. Saini (November 2001). "Clinical applications of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography.". Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology 33 (5): 362–6. doi:10.1097/00004836-200111000-00004. PMID 11606850.
- Albert L. Baert (13 February 2008). Encyclopedia of Diagnostic Imaging. Springer. pp. 123–. ISBN 978-3-540-35278-5. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- Hekimoglu K, Ustundag Y, Dusak A; et al. (August 2008). "MRCP vs. ERCP in the evaluation of biliary pathologies: review of current literature". J Dig Dis 9 (3): 162–9. doi:10.1111/j.1751-2980.2008.00339.x. PMID 18956595.
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