Magnetic resonance therapy

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Magnetic resonance therapy is a proposed alternative treatment method based on the physical principle of magnetic resonance. It aims to activate reparative processes in specific cells and tissues. There is no major clinical trial supporting the effectiveness of the method.[1][2][3][4][5] The field generated is approximately 10,000 weaker than a diagnostic MRI,[6] standard modern MRI machines being around 1.5 tesla.

Evidence[edit]

Based on first qualitative evidence that magnetic resonance might regenerate cartilage tissue,[7] a number of further studies were conducted.

Some of these studies have shown that NMR may have therapeutic effects on osteoarthritis.[8][unreliable medical source?] The treatment of patients with osteoarthritis of the hand or finger joints resulted in an improvement in the physical function of the hand.[2] There is also evidence that functionality and rehabilitation success is improved for patients with chronic lower back pain.[1]

It was demonstrated, that the method caused a proliferation of the chondrocytes as well as of the osteoblasts.[relevant? ][3] Further, experiments using the technology with fibroblast cultures revealed a significant change in protein synthesis.[9] In addition, crosslinking of collagen and the extracellular matrix was affected.[relevant? ]

Application[edit]

Supporters of the therapy claim a broad indication spectrum in nonconservative orthopedics. It is intended as a complementary therapeutic method to support the range of service of orthopedics and accident surgery.

The therapy is used for the treatment of osteoarthritis, in particular osteoarthritis of joints and for the treatment of sprained ligaments, tendon extension and sports injuries. Moreover, the therapy is applied for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis as well as disorder of metabolisms in the area of bones.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b W. Kullich, H. Schwann, J. Walcher, K. Machreich (2006). "The effect of MBST with complex 3-dimensional electromagnetic nuclear resonance fields on patients with low back pain." Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, 19:79-87 abstract
  2. ^ a b W. Kullich, M. Außerwinkler (2008). "Functional improvement in finger joint osteoarthritis with therapeutic use of nuclear magnetic resonance." Orthopedic Practice. S. 287-290 poster
  3. ^ a b Temiz-Artmann A, Linder P, Kayser, Digel I, Artmann GM, Lücker P (2005). PMID 16179956 "NMR in vitro effects on proliferation, apoptosis, and viability of human chondrocytes and osteoblasts. Methods Find", Exp Clin Pharmacol 27:391-4
  4. ^ A. Levers, M. Staat, W. van Laack (2011). "Analysis of the Long-term Effect of the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Therapy on Gonarthrosis"s Special edition from Orthopedic Practice 11 abstract
  5. ^ Jansen H, Frey SP, Paletta J, Meffert RH. (2011). "Effects of low-energy NMR on posttraumatic osteoarthritis: observations in a rabbit model", Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. (6):863-8. PMID 21063883
  6. ^ http://www.mbst.de/en/faq/
  7. ^ Froböse I, Eckey U, Reiser M, Glaser C, Englmeier F, Assheuer J, Breitgraf G (2000) "Evaluation of the effectiveness of three-dimensional pulsating electromagnetic fields in respect to the regeneration of cartilage structures", Orthopedic Practice 36: 510-15.
  8. ^ D. Krpan (2011). "Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Therapy. The new possible of osteoarthritis and osteoporosis treatment." (PDF). Balneoclimatologia. 35 (3). 
  9. ^ I. Digel , E. Kuruglan, Pt. Linder, P. Kayser, D. Porst, G. J. Braem, K. Zerlin, G. M. Artmann, A. Temiz Artmann (2007). "Decrease in extracellular collagen crosslinking after NMR magnetic field application in skin fibroblasts." Med Biol Eng Comput. Jan;45(1):91-7 PMID 7203317