Magnificat (Vivaldi)

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Antonio Vivaldi composed several settings of the Magnificat hymn. The original setting for single choir, RV 610, is generally indicated when Vivaldi's Magnificat is performed and discussed.[1]

RV 610 was composed either before 1717[1] or in 1719.[2] Set in G minor, it is scored for 2 soprano soloists, alto and tenor soloists, SATB choir, violin I and II, viola, and basso continuo (cello and organ).

Structure[edit]

A performance of RV 610 by the King Bible Choir in Italy, 2009.
"Magnificat anima mea Dominum"
1:06 minutes, 3 MB)

"Et exultavit spiritus meus"
(2:17 minutes, 6.5 MB)

"Et misericordia ejus"
(2:31 minutes, 7 MB)

"Fecit potentiam"
(0:30 minutes, 1.4 MB)

"Deposuit potentes"
(0:55 minutes, 2.6 MB)

"Esurientes"
(1:40 minutes, 4.6 MB)

"Suscepit Israel"
(0:47 minutes, 2.2 MB)

"Sicut locutus est"
(2:00 minutes, 5.8 MB)

"Gloria Patri"
(2:14 minutes, 6.4 MB)

Problems playing these files? See media help.

The work is divided into nine movements. Performances require approximately 20 minutes. All movements are scored for four-part chorus, strings and continuo, unless indicated otherwise.

  1. "Magnificat anima mea Dominum" Adagio, G minor, common time
    This movement is similar to the second movement of the composer's Credo.
  2. "Et exultavit spiritus meus" Allegro, B-flat major, common time; soprano solo
    —"Quia respexit humilitatem..." alto solo, brief choral interjection at "omnes generationes"
    —"Quia fecit mihi magna..." tenor solo
  3. "Et misericordia ejus" Andante molto, C minor, common time
    This highly contrapuntal movement is considered the "musical heart" of the composition.[1]
  4. "Fecit potentiam" Presto, G minor, 3/4
  5. "Deposuit potentes" Presto, G minor, 3/4; unison choir
  6. "Esurientes" Allegro, B-flat major, common time; soprano duet; continuo only
  7. "Suscepit Israel" Largo, D minor, common time
    —"Recordatus misericordiae suae" Allegro
  8. "Sicut locutus est" Allegro ma poco, F major, common time; SAB chorus; 2 oboes added to orchestration
  9. "Gloria Patri..." Largo, G minor, common time
    This section recapitulates the opening movement.
    —"Sicut erat in principio..." Andante
    —"Et in saecula saeculorum..." Allegro

Other versions[edit]

Vivaldi composed several settings based on RV 610.[1] Later adaptations may have facilitated performances within the Ospedale della Pietà.[3]

  • RV 610a, possibly arranged in the late 1720s for double choir
  • RV 610b, probably arranged before 1717, for single choir
  • RV 611, arranged in late 1730s. Sections for solo voice replaced by five new arias.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Heller, Karl (1997). Antonio Vivaldi: The Red Priest of Venice. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 88. ISBN 978-1-57467-015-8. 
  2. ^ Adams, Susan (2011). Vivaldi: Red Priest of Venice. Lion Books. p. 91. ISBN 978-0-7459-5353-3. 
  3. ^ Kolneder, Walter (1970). Antonio Vivaldi: His Life and Work. University of California Press. p. 204. ISBN 978-0-520-01629-3. 

External links[edit]