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Magnificent tree frog

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Magnificent tree frog
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Hylidae
Genus: Ranoidea
R. splendida
Binomial name
Ranoidea splendida
(Tyler [fr], Davies & Martin, 1977)
Distribution of the magnificent tree frog

Litora splendida Tyler, Davies & Martin, 1977

The magnificent tree frog (Ranoidea splendida), also known as the splendid tree frog, is a species of tree frog first described in 1977. It has a limited range, only occurring on the north-western coast of Australia in the Northern Territory and Western Australia. It has a similar appearance to, and can be confused with, the closely related White's tree frog.


A juvenile magnificent tree frog, before the development of large parotoid glands

The magnificent tree frog is a relatively large tree frog, with the males reaching a length (SVL) of 10.4 cm (4.1 in) and the females 10.6 cm (4.2 in).[1] They have olive to bright green dorsal surfaces with white ventral surfaces. The undersides of the feet and legs are bright yellow. Most specimens have white or sulphur-coloured dots on their backs, of varying densities. The older magnificent tree frogs can be distinguished from White's tree frogs by the presence of very large parotoid glands, which cover the entire top of their heads and droop over their tympana. The tympanum is large, almost the size of the eye, and partially obscured by the parotoid gland.

Ecology and behaviour[edit]

Magnificent tree frog

Magnificent tree frogs are native to the Kimberley region of Western Australia, and enter caves and rock crevices during the day. Much like the other large tree frogs in Australia, White's tree frog and the giant tree frog, they inhabit areas near humans, and can be found around buildings and in toilets, showers, and water tanks. They are nocturnal, and will hunt and breed at night.

Breeding probably takes place during the wet season. The male's call is very similar to that of White's tree frog, a deep "crawk-crawk-crawk" repeated many times. The breeding habits of the magnificent tree frog have not been extensively studied.

As a pet[edit]

It is kept as a pet; in Australia, this animal may be kept in captivity with the appropriate permit.


  1. ^ "Litoria splendida (SVL = 118 [mm]) "Gould, John; Beranek, Chad; Valdez, Jose; Mahony, Michael (2020). "Quality versus quantity: The balance between egg and clutch size among Australian amphibians is related to life history and environmental conditions". bioRxiv. doi:10.1101/2020.03.15.992495. S2CID 214726013. Retrieved May 3, 2020.

External links[edit]

Media related to Ranoidea splendida at Wikimedia Commons