Magnificent tree frog
|Magnificent tree frog|
|Distribution of the magnificent tree frog|
The magnificent tree frog (Litoria splendida), also known as the splendid tree frog, is a tree frog species first described in 1977. It has a limited range, only occurring on the north-western coast of Australia in the Northern Territory and Western Australia. It has a similar appearance to, and can be confused with, the closely related White's tree frog.
The magnificent tree frog is a relatively large tree frog, with the males reaching a length (SVL) of 10.4 cm (4.1 in) and the females 10.6 cm (4.2 in). They have olive to bright green dorsal surfaces with white ventral surfaces. The undersides of the feet and legs are bright yellow. Most specimens have white or sulphur-coloured dots on their backs, of varying densities. The older magnificent tree frogs can be distinguished from White's tree frogs by the presence of very large parotoid glands, which cover the entire top of their heads and droop over their tympana. The tympanum is large, almost the size of the eye, and partially obscured by the parotoid gland.
Ecology and behaviour
Magnificent tree frogs are native to the Kimberley region of Western Australia, and enter caves and rock crevices during the day. Much like the other large tree frogs in Australia, White's tree frog and the giant tree frog, they inhabit areas near humans, and can be found around buildings and in toilets, showers, and water tanks. They are nocturnal, and will hunt and breed at night.
Breeding probably takes place during the wet season. The male's call is very similar to that of White's tree frog, a deep "crawk-crawk-crawk" repeated many times. The breeding habits of the magnificent tree frog have not been extensively studied.
As a pet
It is kept as a pet; in Australia, this animal may be kept in captivity with the appropriate permit.
- "Litoria splendida (SVL = 118 [mm]) "Gould, John; Beranek, Chad; Valdez, Jose; Mahony, Michael (2020). "Quality versus quantity: The balance between egg and clutch size among Australian amphibians is related to life history and environmental conditions". bioRxiv. doi:10.1101/2020.03.15.992495. S2CID 214726013. Retrieved May 3, 2020.
- Jean-Marc Hero, Dale Roberts (2004). "Litoria splendida". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T41111A10400522. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T41111A10400522.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021. Database entry includes a range map and justification for why this species is of least concern
- Barker, J.; Grigg, G.C.; Tyler, M.J. (1995). A Fiesld Guide to Australian Frogs. Surrey Beatty & Sons. ISBN 0-949324-61-2.
- "Frogs Australia Network - Australian Frog Database - Litoria splendida - Magnificent Tree Frog". Archived from the original on 2006-03-18. Retrieved 2006-06-02.
- "Frogs Australia Network > Litoria splendida / Magnificent Tree Frog". Retrieved 2006-06-02.
- Article Road: List of All Frog Breeds: Things You Can Do to Ensure Your Frog Has a Long, Happy and Healthy Life: Magnificent Tree Frog
- Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water, New South Wales: Amphibian Keeper's Licence: Species Lists
Media related to Ranoidea splendida at Wikimedia Commons