Columbia County, Arkansas

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Coordinates: 33°14′28″N 93°13′06″W / 33.24111°N 93.21833°W / 33.24111; -93.21833

Columbia County, Arkansas
Columbia County, AR, Courthouse, Magnolia, IMG 2309.JPG
Map of Arkansas highlighting Columbia County
Location in the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded December 17, 1852
Named for Christopher Columbus (citation needed; other sources contribute the name to the quasi-mythical figure, Columbia, Goddess of America)
Seat Magnolia
Largest city Magnolia
Area
 • Total 767 sq mi (1,987 km2)
 • Land 766 sq mi (1,984 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (2 km2), 0.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 23,901
 • Density 32/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.countyofcolumbia.org

Columbia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,552.[1] The county seat is Magnolia.[2] The county was formed on December 17, 1852, and was named for Christopher Columbus. The Magnolia, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Columbia County.

Geography[edit]

Columbia County Veterans Memorial on courthouse lawn in Magnolia

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 767 square miles (1,990 km2), of which 766 square miles (1,980 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (0.1%) is water.[3] Columbia County is in South Arkansas. Columbia County, along with Union County, is home to the largest Bromine reserve in the United States.

Dorcheat Bayou flows through Columbia County from its origin in Nevada County southward into Webster Parish, Louisiana, before emptying into Lake Bistineau.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 12,449
1870 11,397 −8.5%
1880 14,090 23.6%
1890 19,893 41.2%
1900 22,077 11.0%
1910 23,820 7.9%
1920 27,670 16.2%
1930 27,320 −1.3%
1940 29,822 9.2%
1950 28,770 −3.5%
1960 26,400 −8.2%
1970 25,952 −1.7%
1980 26,644 2.7%
1990 25,691 −3.6%
2000 25,603 −0.3%
2010 24,552 −4.1%
Est. 2016 23,901 [4] −2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010–2016[1]
Age pyramid Columbia County[9]

As of the 2000 census,[10] there were 25,603 people, 9,981 households, and 6,747 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 11,566 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 62.08% White, 36.06% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 1.05% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,981 households out of which 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.90% were married couples living together, 15.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 29.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 12.30% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 90.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,640, and the median income for a family was $36,271. Males had a median income of $31,313 versus $20,099 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,322. About 15.80% of families and 21.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.70% of those under age 18 and 20.00% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Gazebo at Columbia County Courthouse

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Magnolia Municipal Airport is a public-use airport in Columbia County. It is owned by the city of Magnolia and located three nautical miles (6 km) southeast of its central business district.[11]

Government[edit]

Columbia County, Arkansas
voteby party in presidential elections [12]
Year GOP DNC Others
2016 61.39% 5,456 35.33% 3,140 3.27% 291
2012 61.24% 5,790 37.62% 3,557 1.14% 108
2008 61.32% 5,861 37.18% 3,554 1.50% 143
2004 57.82% 5,729 41.46% 4,108 0.73% 72
2000 53.92% 5,018 43.01% 4,003 3.07% 286
1996 37.59% 3,376 52.66% 4,730 9.75% 876
1992 37.70% 3,702 48.35% 4,747 13.95% 1,370
1988 59.27% 5,810 37.81% 3,706 2.92% 286
1984 63.45% 6,526 35.78% 3,680 0.77% 79
1980 52.76% 5,259 44.60% 4,445 2.64% 263
1976 47.63% 4,287 52.31% 4,708 0.07% 6
1972 72.30% 5,801 27.33% 2,193 0.36% 29
1968 23.24% 1,916 30.16% 2,487 46.60% 3,843
1964 53.22% 4,009 46.26% 3,485 0.52% 39
1960 42.32% 2,372 43.30% 2,427 14.38% 806
1956 43.42% 2,342 52.74% 2,845 3.84% 207
1952 36.44% 1,931 63.39% 3,359 0.17% 9
1948 7.28% 217 59.98% 1,788 32.74% 976
1944 15.49% 394 84.35% 2,145 0.16% 4
1940 6.15% 149 93.72% 2,270 0.12% 3
1936 3.35% 64 96.65% 1,847 0.00% 0
1932 3.38% 85 96.22% 2,420 0.40% 10
1928 26.03% 617 73.92% 1,752 0.04% 1
1924 19.50% 350 76.99% 1,382 3.51% 63
1920 29.29% 857 70.13% 2,052 0.58% 17
1916 25.80% 721 74.20% 2,074 0.00% 0
1912 20.61% 340 66.73% 1,101 12.67% 209
1908 33.21% 817 65.57% 1,613 1.22% 30
1904 27.29% 554 71.18% 1,445 1.53% 31
1900 29.39% 606 69.84% 1,440 0.78% 16
1896 19.84% 537 79.76% 2,159 0.41% 11

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Columbia County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Columbia County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [13][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 25, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 25, 2015. 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 25, 2015. 
  9. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for AGO (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 11 February 2010.
  12. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016. 
  13. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Columbia County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-08-06. 
  14. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 27, 2014. 

External links[edit]