Historic train depot in downtown Magnolia
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Location of Magnolia, Texas
|• Type||General Law Type A|
|• Mayor||Todd Kana|
|• City Council||Daniel Miller|
Matthew "Doc" Dantzer
Richard Carby (Mayor pro tem)
|• Total||2.88 sq mi (7.46 km2)|
|• Land||2.87 sq mi (7.44 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||269 ft (82 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||728.76/sq mi (281.42/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|Area codes||713, 281, 832, 346|
|GNIS feature ID||1340838|
Magnolia is a city in southwestern Montgomery County, Texas, United States within the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. It is named for the magnolia trees that grew in the area. The population was 1,393 at the 2010 United States Census.
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The first settlement in the Magnolia area was a town named Mink Prairie, founded in about 1845 when a farmer named Mink built a homestead. By 1850, the town's name was shortened to Mink. After the Civil War, Mink's population swelled due to an influx of settlers from Kentucky and Tennessee, resulting in a post office being built in 1885. In 1902, the International-Great Northern Railroad (now operated by Union Pacific), decided to build a railroad to the north of Mink, causing most of the residents of Mink to move closer to the railroad line. The new town was named Melton in honor of a wealthy landowner who lived in the area. However, the postal service kept confusing the name with a different town called "Milton," prompting local officials to change the name to Magnolia. In 1903, the Mink post office moved to the new town of Magnolia, as the old town of Mink would soon become abandoned.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,393 people, 529 households, and 365 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 81.3% White, 10.3% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 5.7% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.7% of the population.
There were 529 households, out of which 49.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 18.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.7% under the age of 19, 5.9% from 20 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.
According to the 2015 American Community Survey, the median income for a household in the city was $43,594, and the median income for a family was $61,250. Males had a median income of $26,938 versus $20,490 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,752. About 16.4% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.5% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
As an incorporated city with a population of less than 5000, Magnolia is designated as a general law city under the Constitution of Texas. It is governed at the local level by an elected mayor and five council members. The current mayor is Todd Kana. Council member Richard Carby also serves as mayor pro tem. The other council members are Daniel Miller, Matthew "Doc" Dantzer, Brenda Hoppe, and Jonny Williams.
City of Magnolia Comprehensive Plan
On April 9, 2013, the Magnolia City Council adopted a 20-year comprehensive plan entitled, "Magnolia on the Move." In the plan, the city outlines its vision for dealing with the projected business and residential growth in the area. The plan starts by identifying distinctive land use types that exist throughout the city and surrounding area:
- Parks and Urban Space
- Residential Estate
- Suburban Residential
- Semi-Urban Residential/Neighborhood Conservation
- Neighborhood Conservation Mixed
- Suburban Village
- Auto-Urban Commercial
- Magnolia Town Center and Unity Plaza
- Business Park
Each of these types is given defined boundaries within Magnolia and the projected growth areas around Magnolia. The city plans to develop each type in a different way to preserve the character of these distinctive areas. As Magnolia expands its city limits and extraterritorial jurisdiction through annexation, it plans to carefully manage the growth of these areas to conform with the land types designated above.
In 2015, the city adopted a Unified Development Code (UDC) to outline the specific steps development should take to comply with the comprehensive plan. The UDC includes specific restrictions on development within each of the land use types, including restrictions on the height of signs, the materials used to construct buildings, and the protection of live oak and magnolia trees.
In the Texas Senate, Magnolia is part of District 4, represented by Republican Brandon Creighton. In the Texas House of Representatives, Magnolia is part of District 3, represented by Cecil Bell Jr.
In the United States Senate, Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz represent the entire state of Texas. In the United States House of Representatives, Magnolia is part of District 8, represented by Republican Kevin Brady.
Magnolia is located at the intersection of FM 1488 and FM 1774.
FM 1774, also known as Magnolia Boulevard to the south, becomes SH 249 in Pinehurst a few miles north of Tomball. SH 249 continues into Houston. To the north of Magnolia, FM 1774 travels to the Texas Renaissance Festival in Todd Mission.
- Students in grades K-5 attend either Magnolia Elementary or Williams Elementary.
- Students in 6th grade attend Magnolia 6th Grade Campus.
- Students in grades 7-8 attend Magnolia Junior High.
- Students in grades 9-12 attend either Magnolia High School or Magnolia West High School. Limited numbers of students may also attend the ALPHA Academy, an alternative high school.
Concordia Lutheran High School (9-12) is a private school in Tomball near Magnolia. Other private schools in the greater Tomball-Magnolia area include Rosehill Christian School (K-12), St. Anne Catholic School (PK-8), Salem Lutheran School, Cypress Christian School (K-12), and Great Oak School a Waldorf School (PK-8).
St. Anne Catholic, established in 1984, originally held its classes at St. Anne Church; that year it had 16 Kindergarten students and 13 first grade students. It had had 380 students in 2015. That year Joseph Noonan became the principal.
Cypress Christian School, established in 1978, originally held its classes at Cypress Bible Church. It now has over 650 students. In 2018, Dr. Jeffery Potts joined CCS as Head of School. Dr. Potts was on the news for creating a School Marshall Program, where he armed teachers with guns at his previous school.
Colleges and universities
Lone Star College (originally the North Harris Montgomery Community College District) serves the community. The territory in Tomball ISD joined the community college district in 1982. Tomball is served by Lone Star College - Tomball, a member of the Lone Star College System.
The Montgomery County Memorial Library System operates the Malcom Purvis Branch in the city.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Magnolia has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|Climate data for David Wayne Hooks Memorial Airport near Tomball, Texas, 1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1888–present[b]|
|Record high °F (°C)||84
|Average high °F (°C)||61.5
|Daily mean °F (°C)||51.5
|Average low °F (°C)||41.4
|Record low °F (°C)||5
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.55
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||9||8||9||7||8||10||10||8||8||8||8||10||101|
|Source: NOAA (precipitation days 2000-2017 at Bush International)|
- Cecil Bell Jr. - Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives, District 3
- Buddy Dial - NFL wide receiver for Pittsburgh Steelers and Dallas Cowboys, played college football for Rice University
- Michael Galloway - Republican member of the Texas Senate representing District 4
- Nick Mitchell - wrestler for WWE
- Amanda Scarborough is an American sports broadcaster for ESPN and former softball player at Texas A&M
- Marcus Luttrell is a United States Navy war hero. The movie and book Lone Survivor depict his service along with other military heroes in Operation Red Wings
- Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
- Official records for the entire Houston area were kept at the Weather Bureau in downtown Houston from July 1888 to May 1969, and at George Bush Intercontinental Airport since June 1969.
- Mayor and City Council. City of Magnolia, Texas. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Magnolia, TX (Montgomery County). Handbook of Texas: June 15, 2010. Accessed on July 9, 2017.
- 2016 Gazetteer: Texas Places. United States Census Bureau. Accessed on July 9, 2017.
- Jackson, Charles Christopher. Mink Texas. Handbook of Texas Online: June 10, 2010. Accessed on July 9, 2017.
- Town of Magnolia. County Genweb: October 18, 2016. Accessed on July 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- General Population and Housing Characteristics: Magnolia city, Texas. Archived 2020-02-13 at Archive.today United States Census Bureau. Accessed on July 9, 2017.
- Selected Economic Characteristics: Magnolia city, Texas. Archived 2020-02-13 at Archive.today United States Census Bureau. Accessed on July 9, 2017.
- Texas Constitution, Article XI, Section 4.
- "Pasadena, Lamar OK bond issues." Houston Chronicle. Tuesday November 8, 2011. Retrieved on November 11, 2011.
- Magnolia on the Move: Comprehensive Plan. City of Magnolia, Texas: Adopted April 9, 2013. Accessed on July 9, 2017.
- Simmons, Crystal. Progress: Magnolia on the Move lays out plans for next 20 years. Houston Chronicle: February 27, 2013. Accessed November 11, 2017.
- Gray, Holly. Magnolia seeks business-friendly development code. Community Impact Newspaper: November 2, 2017. Accessed November 11, 2017.
- Who Represents Me: Magnolia. Texas Legislative Council. Accessed on July 9, 2017.
- "Post Office Location - MAGNOLIA Archived 2012-07-18 at Archive.today." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- Attendance Zones. Magnolia Independent School District. Accessed on July 9, 2017.
- Climate Summary for Magnolia, Texas
- "Data Tools: 1981-2010 Normals for Hooks Memorial Airport". National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
- "NOWData: Monthly Summarized Data for Bush Intercontinental Airport". National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
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