Magnolia sprengeri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sprenger's magnolia
Magnolia sprengeri 01 by Line1.JPG
Autumn foliage
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Subgenus:
Section:
Species:
M. sprengeri
Binomial name
Magnolia sprengeri

Sprenger's magnolia, (Magnolia sprengeri), is a species of Magnolia native to China, occurring in Gansu, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, and Sichuan in forests or thickets at 1300–2400 m altitude. Named for Carl Ludwig Sprenger, a botanist of note.

Identification[edit]

It is a small deciduous tree, to 20 m in height with pale grayish brown to blackish brown, exfoliating bark. Young twigs are pale yellowish brown. The dark green leaves are obovate, 10–18 cm long and 4.5–10 cm broad, with a 1–3 cm petiole. Fragrant flowers appear before leaves, erect, cup-shaped, 15 cm wide, with 12-14 tepals that are white to rosy-red. The fruit is a cylindric aggregate of follicles 6–18 cm long.

Fossil record[edit]

Fossils of Magnolia sprengeri have been described from the fossil flora of Kızılcahamam district in Turkey, which is of early Pliocene age.[1]

Cultivation[edit]

It is grown as an ornamental tree for its flowers. Several cultivars have been named, including 'Diva', 'Lanhydrock', and 'Wakehurst'. The cultivars 'Burncoose',[2] 'Copeland Court',[3] and 'Eric Savill'[4] have all won the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

The species and its cultivars are hardy to roughly USDA hardiness zone 6. A number of hybrids with other Magnolias have also been developed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kasaplıgil, B.-(1975): Pliocene Flora of Güvem village near Ankara, Turkey, Abstracts of the Papers Presented at the XII International Botanical Congress, Akademika Nauk SSSR, 1: 115, Leningrad
  2. ^ "Magnolia sprengeri var. diva 'Burncoose' AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  3. ^ "Magnolia sprengeri var. diva 'Copeland Court' AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  4. ^ "Magnolia sprengeri var. diva 'Eric Savill' AGM". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-23.