Magnus Brostrup Landstad
Magnus Brostrup Landstad (7 October 1802 – 8 October 1880) was a Norwegian parish priest and provost, psalmist and poet who published the first collection of authentic Norwegian traditional ballads in 1853. Although criticized at the time for the use of unscientific methods, today it is commonly accepted that he contributed significantly to the preservation of traditional ballads.
Landstad was born in the village of Måsøy in Finnmark, Norway. He was one of ten children born to the parish priest Hans Landstad (1771–1838) and Margrethe Elisabeth Schnitler (1768–1850). His father Hans Landstad was a minister, who first worked in Øksnes in 1806, then relocated to Vinje in 1811 and to Seljord in 1819. Landstad received a theology degree (cand.theol.) in 1827, and worked after that as the resident chaplain in Gausdal for six years. After that he worked in various parishes in Telemark and Østfold before he became the minister of Sandar in Vestfold in 1859.
He is well known for introducing popular, contemporary Norwegian language into the hymns he wrote, contributing significantly to the spirit of Norwegian romantic nationalism, which grew in Norway during this period. His single greatest achievement was the Landstad hymnal (Landstads kirkesalmebog). He included about 50 of his own hymns in it and completed the editing in 1861. Later revisions were used in Norwegian (bokmål) parishes until 1985. The current official church hymnal contains a number of his hymns as well as his translations of foreign-language hymns.
He married Wilhelmine Margrete Marie Lassen (1808–1892) in 1828. They were the parents of twelve children, of whom six died in early childhood. He died in 1880 in Kristiania (now Oslo). He was a cousin of the priest and local historian Hans Peter Schnitler Krag (1794–1855) and was a great-grandfather of the writer Magny Landstad.
- 1852: Norske Folkeviser. 3 vols. Christiania: C. Tönsberg, [1852-]1853.
- 1869: Kirkesalmebok: efter offentlig Foranstaltning. Kristiania: J. W. Cappelens Forlag, 1871
- "Magnus Brostrup Landstad". The Canterbury Dictionary of Hymnology. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- "Magnus Brostrup Landstad". The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- Henrik Jæger, Otto Anderssen (1896). "Magnus Brostrup Landstad". Illustreret norsk literaturhistorie. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- "Krag". Nordisk familjebok. 1911. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- Utstilling om Landstad, Karin Helene Hognestad, UBiT.
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