Magnus Magnusson

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Magnus Magnusson

Magnús Sigursteinsson

(1929-10-12)12 October 1929
Died7 January 2007(2007-01-07) (aged 77)
Alma materJesus College, Oxford
  • Television presenter
  • journalist
  • translator
  • writer
Known forMastermind presenter, translation work
(m. 1954)
Children5, including Sally and Jon
RelativesJamie Magnus Stone (grandson)

Magnus Magnusson, KBE (born Magnús Sigursteinsson; 12 October 1929 – 7 January 2007) was an Icelandic-born British-based journalist, translator, writer and television presenter. Born in Reykjavík, he lived in Scotland for almost all his life, although he never took British citizenship. He came to prominence as a BBC television journalist and was the presenter of the BBC television quiz programme Mastermind for 25 years.[1]

Early life[edit]

Magnús Sigursteinsson was born in Reykjavík on 12 October 1929, but grew up in Edinburgh, where his father, Sigursteinn Magnússon, was the Icelandic consul. In Scotland his family adopted a British naming convention, and from childhood Magnus used his father's patronymic as a surname.

Magnusson lived with his family in John Street, Portobello, an eastern suburb of Edinburgh. He was educated at the Edinburgh Academy, where he was in the school's marching brass band, and at Jesus College, Oxford.[2]


Journalism and television[edit]

After graduating from Oxford he became a reporter with the Scottish Daily Express and The Scotsman. Between 1962 and 1964 he edited the Saltire Society's magazine New Saltire.[3] He went freelance in 1967, then joined the BBC. In 1968 he appeared as a storyteller in five episodes of the BBC children's programme Jackanory, narrating English translations of 'Stories from Iceland'. He presented programmes on history and archaeology including Chronicle and BC The Archaeology of the Bible Lands, and appeared in news programmes. In later years Magnusson wrote for the New Statesman.[4]


Magnusson presented the long-running quiz show Mastermind from 1972 to 1997 on BBC1. His catchphrase "I've started, so I'll finish", which his successors continued to use, was said whenever the time for questioning a contestant ran out while he was reading a question on the show. Magnusson made cameo appearances as himself, hosting Mastermind in Morecambe and Wise as well as the children's series Dizzy Heights and as Magnus Magnesium in The Goodies episode "Frankenfido".

Magnusson ended his 25-year run hosting Mastermind in September 1997, and the original black chair was given to him at the end of the production, passing to his daughter Sally Magnusson after his death.

Magnusson later returned to present a one-off celebrity special, originally broadcast on 30 December 2002 on BBC Two, to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the first ever Mastermind final.[5] This was a precursor to the main show returning to the BBC with Humphrys as host.[6] Shortly before his death, Magnusson returned to the regular Mastermind series to present the trophy to the 2006 champion Geoff Thomas. Sally Magnusson presented the trophy to the next series winner, David Clark, while also paying tribute to her father and his legacy to the show.

The Magnus Magnusson principle[edit]

The Magnus Magnusson principle refers to a rule or guideline often associated with quizzes or competitions, notably popularized by the British television quiz show "Mastermind," on which Magnus Magnusson was a long-time host. The principle is essentially: "I've started so I'll finish." It applies during the quiz when a contestant is asked a question just as the time runs out; the host allows the question to be completed and the contestant to provide their answer, even though the allotted time has expired.

This principle is often cited outside of quizzes as well, symbolizing a commitment to completing tasks or responsibilities one has begun, regardless of new time constraints or challenges that arise.


  • Scotland: The Story of a Nation
  • Introducing Archaeology
  • Viking Expansion Westwards
  • The Clacken and the Slate (The Edinburgh Academy, 1824 – 1974)
  • Viking Hammer of the North
  • BC: The Archaeology of the Bible Lands
  • Landlord or Tenant?: A View of Irish History
  • Iceland
  • Vikings!
  • Magnus on the Move
  • Treasures of Scotland
  • Lindisfarne: The Cradle Island
  • Reader's Digest Book of Facts (ed.)
  • Iceland Saga
  • Chambers Biographical Dictionary (ed., 5th edition)
  • The Nature of Scotland (ed.)
  • I've Started, So I'll Finish
  • Rum: Nature's Island
  • Magnus Magnusson's Quiz Book
  • Fakers, Forgers and Phoneys: Famous Scams and Scamps


Magnusson translated or co-translated a variety of books from modern Icelandic and Old Norse into English. Among these are several works by Halldór Laxness, the Nobel prize-winning novelist from Iceland, as well as a number of Norse sagas, which he co-translated (with Hermann Pálsson) for Penguin Classics: Njal's Saga (1960), The Vinland Sagas (1965), King Harald's Saga (1966) and Laxdæla Saga (1969).

Awards and charity positions[edit]

Magnusson was given the honorary award of Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1989.

He was elected President of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds at its 94th annual general meeting in October 1995, succeeding Max Nicholson, and held the office until 2000. He was founder chairman of Scottish Natural Heritage from 1992 and founder chairman of the Scottish Churches Architectural Heritage Trust in 1978 (it became Scotland's Churches Trust in 2012).[7]

He was Lord Rector of Edinburgh University from 1975 to 1978 and in 2002 he became Chancellor of Glasgow Caledonian University. The Magnus Magnusson Fellowship, an intellectual group based at the Glasgow Caledonian University, was named in his honour. [8]


Magnus House near Aigas

On 12 October 2006, his 77th birthday, Magnusson was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. Magnusson mordantly noted that "This has to be one of my worst birthdays ever." His condition forced him to cancel a string of public appearances. He died on 7 January 2007.[9][10][11] The Aigas Field Centre has a building named the Magnus House in his honour.


Magnusson was married to Mamie Baird from 1954 until his death.[12] They had five children. Their eldest son, Siggi, died in a traffic accident in 1973, when he was struck by a vehicle close to the Glasgow Academy playing fields at Anniesland in the city's West End. Their daughter Sally is a journalist, writer and television presenter, and youngest son Jon is a television producer, writer and director.[13][14][15]


  • Viking Expansion Westwards (1973), ISBN 978-0-8098-3529-4
  • The Clacken and the Slate (1974), ISBN 0-00-411170-2
  • Viking, Hammer of the North (1976), ISBN 978-0-399-11744-2
  • BC The Archaeology of the Bible Lands (1977), ISBN 978-0-671-24010-3
  • The Vikings (1980, revised 2000), ISBN 978-0-7524-2699-0[16]
  • Lindisfarne, The Cradle Island (1984), ISBN 0-85362-223-X
  • Chambers Biographical Dictionary (1990), as General Editor, ISBN 0-550-16040 X Hardback
  • Scotland Since Prehistory: Natural Change and Human Impact (1993), ISBN 978-1-898218-03-6
  • I've Started So I'll Finish (1998), ISBN 978-0-7515-2585-4
  • Scotland: The Story of a Nation (2000), ISBN 978-0-00-653191-3
  • Lindisfarne (2004), ISBN 978-0-7524-3227-4
  • Iceland Saga (2005), ISBN 978-0-7524-3342-4
  • Keeping Your Words: An Anthology of Quotations (2005), ISBN 978-0-340-86264-3
  • Fakers, Forgers and Phoneys: Famous Scams and Scamps (2006), ISBN 978-1-84596-190-9


  1. ^ ODNB, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2005–2008, ed. Lawrence Goldman, 2013, p. 740
  2. ^ "Magnus Magnusson". The Daily Telegraph. 8 January 2007. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  3. ^ Magnusson, Magnus (ed.), New Saltire No. 11, April 1964, New Saltire Ltd., Edinburgh
  4. ^ "Articles by Magnus Magnusson". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012.
  5. ^ BBC Press Office (6 December 2002). "Mastermind Celebrity Special".
  6. ^ BBC. "The history of Mastermind". Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  7. ^ "Magnus Magnusson". The Independent. 9 January 2007. Retrieved 9 November 2022.
  8. ^ Roger Crofts; David Breeze. "Magnus Magnusson" (PDF). Royal Society of Edinburgh. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  9. ^ "Magnusson faces cancer treatment". BBC News. 12 October 2006. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
  10. ^ "TV's Magnus Magnusson dies at 77". BBC News. 8 January 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
  11. ^ "Obituary: Magnus Magnusson". BBC News. 7 January 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
  12. ^ Davison, Phil (19 April 2012). "Obituary: Mamie Magnusson; made her name in journalism when women were rarely seen in news rooms". The Scotsman. Retrieved 22 August 2021.Open access icon
  13. ^ Rachel Carlyle (2 February 2014). "BBC presenter Sally Magnusson on her mum's battle with dementia". BBC Press Office. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  14. ^ "Mamie Magnusson". 17 April 2012. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Sally Magnusson, Presenter". BBC Press Office. March 2006. Archived from the original on 4 May 2009.
  16. ^ "Magnus Magnusson". The Independent. 22 September 2011.

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by Rector of the University of Edinburgh
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chancellor of Glasgow Caledonian University
Succeeded by
Media offices
New creation Host of Mastermind
Succeeded by