Magnuson Computer Systems
Magnuson Computer Systems was a manufacturer of IBM-compatible mainframes. The Magnuson M80 range was available from the late 1970s and enjoyed limited success at a time when IBM struggled to ship machines. The company declared bankruptcy in early 1982 after they themselves developed production problems, IBM fixed its production problems[clarification needed], introduced new models, and slashed prices.
The Magnuson processors were aimed at the lower end of IBM's product line. They had a number of unique design features. Perhaps the most notable was the voting logic on each processor card. All of the slots in the main chassis were interchangeable. All slots were filled on only the high end model. If a card was suspected of having a problem, you could test it by adding two more copies of the same card and they would "vote" before putting any data onto the system bus. A dissenting vote was logged.
Carlton Amdahl, son of Gene Amdahl, was Vice President of Engineering at Magnuson. He went on the work with his father at Trilogy Systems. There the "tell me three times" logic was incorporated into their chip designs at the level of individual gates and flip-flops.
- "The Colossus That Works," Time Magazine, July 11, 1983. [Retrieved December 31, 2007.]