Mago-Thingbu to Vijaynagar Border Road

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Mago-Thingbu–Vijaynagar Border Road
Route information
Length2,000 km (1,000 mi)
Major junctions
West endMago-Thingbu in Tawang district
East endVijaynagar in Changlang district
StatesArunachal Pradesh
Major citiesTawang, Changlang
Highway system

Arunachal Frontier Highway, also Mago-ThingbuVijaynagar Border Highway,[1] in Arunachal Pradesh India is a 2,000-kilometre-long (1,200 mi) under-construction road along the McMahon Line,[2][3] the international border between India and China, by the Government of India at the cost of 40,000 crore (equivalent to 480 billion or US$6.9 billion in 2018) (C. 2014).[4][5]

"Arunachal Frontier Highway" along the China border, Trans-Arunachal Highway through the middle and Arunachal East-West Corridor in the foothills along the Assam border are three major highways spanning the whole state, thus enabling the Look East connectivity.[2]


The high altitude highway will originate from Mago-Thingbu in Tawang district and meander through the following border areas of Arunachal Pradesh along the McMahon Line: West Kameng district; East Kameng district; Upper Subansiri district; Mechuka in West Siang district; Tuting in Upper Siang district; Dibang Valley district; Desali in Lower Dibang Valley district; Chaglagam, Kibithu, Dong & Hawai all in Anjaw district; and end at Vijaynagar in Changlang district at the junction of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland and Mayanmar.[4][6] The map of alignment can be seen here.[6]

This highway will intersect with the proposed East-West Industrial Corridor Highway, Arunachal Pradesh[1] in the foothill areas of the Arunachal Pradesh state from Bhairabkunda, the tri-junction of Bhutan, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh to Ruksin in East Siang district which will serve as an industrial corridor for the people residing in the foothill areas of the state".[5]

The Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Forum for Regional Cooperation (BCIM Forum) has proposed to build a multi-mode BCIM Economic Corridor that includes a highway from China to Bangladesh through Mayanmar and India which is proposed to originate from Calcutta in India's West Bengal state to Kunming in China's Yunnan province passing through Dhaka and Chittagong in Bangladesh, India's north-eastern states of Manipur & Assam, and Myanmar's Mandalay as well as northern provinces.[7] The proposed Mago-Thingbu to Vijaynagar Border Highway would be connected to the BCIM Economic Corridor Highway.[1][3]

Current status[edit]

Currently, along the alignment of this proposed road there is "little habitation" and there are only "small stretches of minor roads".[3]

In 2014 October, Kiren Rijiju, Union Minister of State for Home Affairs of India was trying to expedite the project along with another proposed highway East-West Industrial Corridor Highway, Arunachal Pradesh[1] in Arunachal Pradesh[5] as he said "I am proposing to undertake this road along with another in the foothill areas of Arunachal Pradesh state from Bhairabkunda in Assam located at the tri-junction of Bhutan, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh to Ruksin in East Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh state which will serve as an industrial corridor for the people residing in the foothill areas of the state".[5]

This highway is one of the 29 corridors identified by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, India close to international border covering around 3,600 km, these are proposed to be undertaken as a National Highway Development Project (NHDP).[3]

An assessment by the Ministry of Defence (India) in 2013 found that of the 503 stretches on the borders planned to be completed by 2022, only 17 are complete now. Work is underway on just 50.[8] The new Bhartiya Janta Party-led Government of India is trying to expedite these projects with the coordinated efforts of Border Roads Organisation, Ministry of Defence (India), Government of Arunachal Pradesh, National Highways Development Project, Ministry for Development of North Eastern Region and National Security Advisor (India).[9]

Why the Highway is proposed[edit]

Various Government of India and media sources have mentioned the following reasons:[3][4][5][7]

Employment generation & Tourism

This highway will help in the employment generation and increase tourism these inaccessible areas.

Increased Security

To check Chinese incursions in the Indian area and China has built extensive road and railway network on its side, posing a security risk to India in this region inaccessible on the Indian side at present.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Narendra Modi government to provide funds for restoration of damaged highways". Diligent Media Corporation Ltd. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
  2. ^ a b Arunachal Dy CM Lays Foundation Stone of Bridge over Bari River, North East Today, 11 Dec 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e Dash, Dipak Kumar. "Top officials to meet to expedite road building along China border". The Times of India. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  4. ^ a b c "Indian Government Plans Highway Along Disputed China Border". Ankit Panda. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Govt planning road along McMohan line in Arunachal Pradesh: Kiren Rijiju". Live Mint. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  6. ^ a b "China warns India against paving road in Arunachal". Ajay Banerjee. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  7. ^ a b "Why India is planning a new road near the China border". BBC News. BBC. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Army's border roads in trouble: The planned road network along the border with China is stuck in red tape and impeded by terrain". Daily Mail Online. Associated Newspapers Ltd. 27 August 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
  9. ^ "Top officials to meet to expedite road building along China border". Retrieved 27 October 2014.