Magtanggol Gunigundo I

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Magtanggol T. Gunigundo I
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Valenzuela City's Second District
In office
June 30, 2007 – June 30, 2016
Preceded by Antonio Serapio
In office
June 30, 2001 – June 30, 2004
Preceded by Post created
Defunct District
Succeeded by Antonio M. Serapio
Member of the Philippine House of Representatives from Valenzuela City's Lone District
In office
June 30, 1998 – June 30, 2001
Preceded by Antonio Serapio
Succeeded by Post abolished
Second District
Personal details
Born (1964-12-11) December 11, 1964 (age 52)
Quezon City, Philippines
Political party Lakas Kampi CMD
Profession Lawyer

Magtanggol Tanjuan Gunigundo I (born December 11, 1964) is a three term second district representative[1] to Philippine Congress of Valenzuela City. He was also the representative of the defunct lone district of Valenzuela and operated a law firm before entering politics.

He is an alumnus of the University of the Philippines,[Ateneo de Manila College of Law], and the [Kennedy School of Government of Harvard University].

Early life[edit]

Representative Gunigundo, also known by his nickname Magi, was born to Filipino politician Magtanggol C. Gunigundo and Prof. Sylvia Tenjuan-Gunigundo in Quezon City in 1964. His early education was at the University of the Philippines Integrated School. He finished his AB Political Science at the University of the Philippines Diliman in 1985 and Bachelor of Laws at Ateneo de Manila University in 1989. He was 13th Placer at the 1989 Bar Examination.In 2002, he finished the Leaders in Development Short Course on Managing Political and Economic Reforms at Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University at Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

Career[edit]

He began practicing as an associate lawyer when he joined his father's firm in 1989. In 1990, he became a trial lawyer at the Economic Intelligence and Investigation Bureau of the Bureau of Customs until 1997. He became Special assistant for law enforcement at the Office of the Commissioner of Customs in 1992. In the same year, he became the chief of Special Anti-Smuggling Unit at the same office.He was commended twice for his anti-smuggling accomplishments by the Commissioner of Customs.

He was a Senior Partner at the Gunigundo-De Leon Law Office. In 1998 election, he became the representative of the lone district of Valenzuela municipality. He won re-election as representative of the second district of the newly chartered Valenzuela City in 2001.

In 2004, he lost the mayoralty election amid reports of widespread cheating and election fraud. In 2007 he achieved a landslide victory as Congressman, winning in all precincts and barangay of the second district of Valenzuela City. His fourth congressional term started June 30, 2010, and ended June 30, 2013.He completed his third consecutive term on June 30, 2016.

Gunigundo is the principal author of several national laws like Republic Act 9048 ( also known as Gunigundo Law) that authorizes the correction of clerical errors in birth certificates and other civil registry documents without the need of judicial order. The Gunigundo Law shortens the procedure for correction to less than three weeks and does away with the need for the services of a lawyer which is costly and the long litigation procedure in courts that could take between 6 and 24 months before the correction is permitted. It is now easier, faster and inexpensive to get the correction made.[2]

He is also the principal author of Republic Act 10172 that amended several provisions of Republic Act 9048, expanding the power of local civil registrars to also correct errors in the date of birth (day and month) and gender in birth certificates.[3]

Gunigundo received recognition from the Philippine Heart Association-Philippine College of Cardiology in February 2004 for authoring RA 9211 [4] that banned all forms of cigarette advertisements.

Gunigundo is the driving force in the adoption of the principles and framework of the Mother Tongue- Based Multilingual Education (MTBMLE) as a key component of Republic Act 10533 or the "Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013" (also known as " K to 12 Act). This law also increased to 12 years the Basic Education cycle that used to be just 10 years. This landmark legislation recognizes the importance of language in educating children and that a strong first language education facilitates learning and proficiency in the acquisition of second languages like Filipino and English. The Philippines has around 170+ languages and is considered to be a multi-lingual nation. The first language of the child will be used as language of learning and assessment in the primary grades. There will be a gradual transition phase starting in Grade 4 wherein Filipino and English shall be introduced as languages of instruction. This new language in education policy following a strong mtbmle model will help churn out better learning outcomes for students in terms of higher participation and completion rates as well as National Achievement Test scores; and enhance the Philippines's capability in achieving Education for All goals and Millennium Development Goals. Upfront costs are estimated to be 1% of the total budget for the Department of Education which will be spent in intensive in-service training of 514,000 public school teachers and production of new teaching materials. This investment is perceived to be recovered in 5–7 years. Hence, it is cost effective since maintaining the bilingual policy using two second languages would be more detrimental in terms of poor learning outcomes and low level of productivity of the workforce that the education system produces.

Gunigundo is also the author of RA 10535, better known as the "Philippine Standard Time Act that mandates synchronization of clocks with the time observed by PAG-ASA, the official timekeeper of the Philippines. Effective June 1, 2013, all government offices and media networks are now required to use Philippine Standard Time as a basis in set ting their timepieces. Gunigundo hopes that instilling the value of time will make Filipinos better time managers and consequently more productive in spending their precious time.[5]

Gunigundo, the principal author of the measure, views "the law as one that will "put the nation into symmetry, moving as one in economic,military,transportation,health,religious, cultural and other nation-building activities.[6]

Gunigundo was awarded the Human Development Legislator for his invaluable contribution to advancing human development in the Philippines through legislation and advocacy last December 2, 2015 by the Philippine Legislators' Committee on Population and Development Inc.[7]

In the last few months of his last term in Congress( 16th Congress) Gunigundo also authored two more measures of national significance : RA 10789 which was approved on May 3, 2016 which reduces the retirement age of racehorse jockeys from age sixty(60) to age fifty-five(55) and RA 10863 which was approved on May 30, 2016, that modernizes the Customs and Tariff Administration.

According to Gunigundo,RA 10789 protects racehorse jockeys from injury or death and allows them to enjoy the rewards of their lifelong career. Horse racing is a highly competitive sport and is physically demanding on both animal and jockey. Racehorse jockeys, regardless of age, are expected to be in tip top shape,maintaining a strict 100lbs weight to be able to ride thoroughbreds running at breakneck speed. Fearful of accidents, horse owners are reluctant to allow old but not yet retired jockeys to ride their expensive horses.[8]

Although Gunigundo was not one of the original principal authors of the various bills on CTMA( Customs and Tariff Modernization Act) which had been pending in congress since the 15th Congress, then Speaker Feliciano R Belmonte considered him as the in-House customs expert of the 16th Congress. Gunigundo introduced one hundred fifty six (156) significant amendments, that were accepted in the various stages of the legislative process( Committee on Ways and Means, Plenary, and Bicameral Conference Committee levels) which polished and transformed the measure to be the framework of the 21st Century Customs service and Tariff Administration.[9][10]

Some of these significant amendments are as follows: empowering the Bureau of Customs to compulsorily acquire undervalued importations(Section 709), rationalizing the process of alert orders(Section 1111); professionalizing the Customs Service by requiring that majority of deputy Commissioners must be career officials; increasing the de minimis threshold to ten thousand pesos and authorizing the Secretary of Finance to adjust the threshold every three years(Section 423); making balikbayan boxes containing goods whose dutiable value is not over P150,000 conditionally free( Sec 800 g)and enhancing the audit power of the Customs service by ordering importers to keep their records for three years and failure to do so waives their right to contest results of Customs audit.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Diola, Camille (April 16, 2008). "Tax relief for workers pushed in House". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  2. ^ Gunigundo and Matabang, RA 9048 Annotated, 2002
  3. ^ Explanatory note of RA 10172
  4. ^ Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003)
  5. ^ Explanatory note and sponsorship remarks of RA 10535
  6. ^ Joy M Lazcano S&T Post Media Service, Vol XXXII Jan-March 2014
  7. ^ PLCPD
  8. ^ Explanatory note of RA 10789
  9. ^ records of the Committee on Ways and Means,16th Congress
  10. ^ Records of Bicameral Conference Committee on the differentiating provisions of the Customs and Tariff Administration measures of the House and the Senate
  11. ^ RA 10863

External links[edit]

House of Representatives of the Philippines
Preceded by
Antonio Serapio
Representative of the Second District of Valenzuela
2007-2016
Succeeded by
Eric Martinez
Preceded by
Antonio Serapio
Representative of the Lone District of Valenzuela
1998–2004
Succeeded by
Antonio Serapio