Maguba Guseynovna Syrtlanova
Мәгубә Хөсәен кызы Сыртланова
|Born||15 July 1912|
Belebey, Bashkortostan, Russian Empire
|Died||1 October 1971 (aged 61)|
Kazan, Tatarstan, Russian SFSR
|Service/||Soviet Air Force|
|Years of service||1941–1945|
|Unit||46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment|
|Awards||Hero of the Soviet Union|
Maguba Guseynovna Syrtlanova (Russian: Магуба Гусейновна Сыртланова; Tatar: Мәгубә Хөсәен кызы Сыртланова; 15 July 1912 – 1 October 1971) was a senior lieutenant and deputy squadron commander in the 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment (nicknamed the "night witches") during the Second World War. She was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union on 15 May 1946 for having completed 780 sorties during the war.
Born on 15 July 1912 in Belebey, Bashkortostan of the Russian Empire, she graduated from Bashalov Flight School in 1932 and went on to join a flight club glider school in Tbilisi. After the start of the second world war, she enlisted in the military in July 1941. She was an ethnic Tatar and a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union since 1941.
Syrtlanova was deployed to fight in the war on 27 December 1942 and performed her first mission on 10 February 1943 as part of the 588th Night Bomber Regiment, which was later renamed to the 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment. She flew bombing missions in the North Caucasus, Belarus, Taman Peninsula, Crimea, Poland, and Prussia. By the end of the war she had accumulated 928 flight hours in combat, performed 780 sorties, dropped 190 tons of bombs on enemy territory, and safely guided her aircraft through heavy anti-aircraft fire and poor weather. Due to the precision of her bombings, she was able to destroy two railroad stations, two searchlights, three artillery units, four armored cars, a fuel depot, and 85 enemy campsites. For her military achievements she was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union on 15 May 1946.
Later life and awards
After WWII she retired from the military and worked at a factory in Kazan from 1951 to 1962. There is a street named after her in Kazan as well as a monument and gym named after her. She died on 1 October 1971 and was buried in the Novo-Tatar Sloboda cemetery.
- Hero of the Soviet Union
- Order of Lenin
- Two Orders of the Red Banner
- Order of the Patriotic War in the 2nd Class
- Order of the Red Star
- various campaign and jubilee medals
- Sakaida, Henry (2012-04-20). Heroines of the Soviet Union 1941–45. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781780966922.
- "Сыртланова Магуба Гусейновна". airaces.narod.ru. Retrieved 2018-02-06.
- "Сыртланова Магуба Гусейновна". www.warheroes.ru. Retrieved 2018-01-05.
- Shkadov, Ivan (1988). Герои Советского Союза: краткий биографический словарь II, Любовь - Яшчук. Moscow: Voenizdat. p. 552. ISBN 5203005362. OCLC 247400113.
- "Улица Сыртлановой". history-kazan.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-02-09.
- "Сыртланова Магуба Гусейновна, Герой Советского Союза (Орден Ленина и медаль «Золотая звезда»)". pamyat-naroda.ru. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
- "Сыртланова Магуба Гусейновна, Орден Красного Знамени (1943)". pamyat-naroda.ru. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
- "Сыртланова Магуба Гусейновна, Орден Красного Знамени (1945)". pamyat-naroda.ru. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
- "Сыртланова Магуба Гусейновна, Орден Отечественной войны II степени". pamyat-naroda.ru. Retrieved 2018-04-01.
- "Сыртланова Магуба Гусейновна, Орден Красной Звезды :: Документ о награде :: Память народа". pamyat-naroda.ru. Retrieved 2018-04-01.