Maha Bandula Park

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Maha Bandula Park
မဟာဗန္ဓုလ ပန်းခြံ
Myanmar-Yangon-Independence Monument in Mahabandoola park.jpg
The Independence Monument in Maha Bandula Park
TypeUrban park
Coordinates16°46′22.88″N 96°09′34.27″E / 16.7730222°N 96.1595194°E / 16.7730222; 96.1595194Coordinates: 16°46′22.88″N 96°09′34.27″E / 16.7730222°N 96.1595194°E / 16.7730222; 96.1595194
Area7.5 acres (3.0 ha)
Operated byYangon City Development Committee
StatusOpen all year

The Maha Bandula Park or Maha Bandula Garden (Burmese: မဟာဗန္ဓုလ ပန်းခြံ, pronounced [məhà bàɰ̃dṵla̰ páɰ̃dʑàɰ̃], also spelt Mahabandula or Mahabandoola) is a public park, located in downtown Yangon, Burma. The park is bounded by Maha Bandula Garden Street in the east, Sule Pagoda Road in the west, Konthe Road in the south and Maha Bandula Road in the north, and is surrounded by some of the important buildings in the area such as the Sule Pagoda, the Yangon City Hall and the High Court.[1] The park is named after General Maha Bandula who fought against the British in the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824–1826).


A view of Fytche Square circa 1895, facing toward Sule Pagoda.

The park dates to 1867 to 1868, founded as Fytche Square in honour of the then Chief Commissioner of British Burma, Albert Fytche.[2] The site was previously a vacant, swampy site originally known as Tank Square, which was cleared and laid out as a public recreation ground.[3] A white marble statue of Queen Victoria was placed in the center of the park in 1896, gifted by a wealthy Armenian firm in Rangoon.[4][5] After 1935, the park was renamed Bandula Square, reflecting rising nationalist sentiment.[5]

After 1948, the Independence Monument, an obelisk in commemoration of Burmese independence from the British in 1948, was installed at the center of the park, replacing the statue of Queen Victoria.The statue of Queen Victoria was brought back to England after Myanmar Independence. The architect of this Independence Monument Sithu U Tin who is the same architect for City Hall.[6] The park was remodelled in 2012.[7]


  1. ^ Let's Go Southeast Asia. Macmillan. 2005. ISBN 9780312335670.
  2. ^ Thant Myint-U (2 December 2011). "Forgotten treasures". Financial Times. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
  3. ^ "Fytche Square, Rangoon". The British Library. 26 March 2009. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Indian Engineering". XXXV. Calcutta. 1904: 122. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ a b Cernea, Ruth Fredman (2007). Almost Englishmen: Baghdadi Jews in British Burma. Lexington Books. pp. 11, 22, 130. ISBN 9780739116470.
  6. ^ Seekins, Donald M. (2014). State and Society in Modern Rangoon. Routledge. pp. 36, 73. ISBN 9781317601548.
  7. ^ Zon Pann Pwint (30 June 2014). "Parks and recreation". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 13 July 2015.