Sirindhorn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Maha Chakri Sirindhorn)
Jump to: navigation, search
Sirindhorn
Princess of Thailand
นายกรัฐมนตรีเข้าเฝ้าฯ รับเสด็จฯ สมเด็จพระเทพรัตนราชสุด - Flickr - Abhisit Vejjajiva (1) cropped1.jpg
Princess Sirindhorn in 2011.
Born (1955-04-02) 2 April 1955 (age 60)
Bangkok, Thailand
House House of Mahidol
Chakri Dynasty
Father King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX)
Mother Queen Sirikit
Religion Buddhism

Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn (Thai: มหาจักรีสิรินธร, Thai pronunciation: [mā.hǎː t͡ɕàk.krīː sì.rīn.tʰɔ̄ːn]; rtgsMaha Chakkri Sirinthon; Chinese Name:郑琳 ( born 2 April 1955) is the second daughter of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.[1]

Her full ceremonial title is Somdech Phra Debaratanarajasuda Chao Fa Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Rathasimagunakornpiyajat Sayamboromrajakumari[2] (สมเด็จพระเทพรัตนราชสุดา เจ้าฟ้ามหาจักรีสิรินธร รัฐสีมาคุณากรปิยชาติ สยามบรมราชกุมารี; rtgsSomdet Phra Theppharat Rat Suda Chao Fa Maha Chakkri Sirinthon Ratthasima Khunakon Piyachat Sayam Borommaratchakumari), which was bestowed upon her on 5 December 1977. Thais commonly refer to her by reducing such title to "Phra Thep", meaning "princess angel". Her title in Thai is the female equivalent of the title held by her brother, Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn.[3] The Thai constitution was altered in 1974 to allow for female succession, thus making her eligible for the throne.[4]

As the eldest female child of the royal family (excluding Ubolratana Rajakanya, who married a foreign commoner), her position is comparable to a princess royal.[5]

Biography[edit]

Sirindhorn was born on 2 April 1955, the third child of King Bhumibol and Queen Sirikit. As the royal couple has only one son, the Thai constitution was altered in 1974 to allow for female succession. This made Sirindhorn second-in-line to the throne (after Vajiralongkorn) until the birth of Princess Bajrakitiyabha in 1978. Air Chief Marshall Siddhi Savetsila, a member of the privy council, told a former U.S. ambassador in early 2010 that Sirindhorn could be named successor in the event of Vajiralongkorn's death, i.e., the crown prince's children, including Prince Dipangkorn, might be passed over.[6] The privy council will submit the name of a successor when the throne becomes vacant.[7]

In December 2012, Sirindhorn was briefly hospitalised to remove calcium deposits.[8]

Education[edit]

Early education[edit]

Sirindhorn attended Kindergarten, Primary and Secondary at Thailand's most exclusive school: The Chitralada Palace School which was established for the children of the Royal Family and Palace staff.[9]

She ranked first in the National School Examinations in primary level (grade 7) in 1967, in upper secondary level (grade 12) in 1972, and fourth in the National University Entrance Examination in 1975.[10]

From childhood she showed the qualities of a brilliant scholar.[9]

Higher education[edit]

In 1975 she enrolled in the Faculty of Arts at Chulalongkorn University and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts Degree, First Class honour and a Gold Medal in History in 1976.[10]

From 1976 she continued her studies in two graduate programs concurrently; obtaining a Master of Arts in Oriental Epigraphy (Sanskrit and Cambodian) in 1980[10] and also Archaeology from Silpakorn University and in 1980. In 1978, she obtained a Master of Arts in Sanskrit and Pali from Chulalongkorn University.[9]

In 1981 she enrolled in a Doctoral program at Srinakharinwirot University, and was awarded a PhD in Developmental Education in 1987.[10]

In 1984 she earned a certificate from the 'Asian Regional Remote Sensing Training Centre' at the Asian Institute of Technology where she studied for two months.[11]

In April 2001 she won a scholarship of Chinese Culture at Peking University in China where she studied the course for a month.[12]

Works and interests[edit]

Aside from her passion for technology, she holds degrees in history and a doctorate in educational development. She teaches at the history department of the Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy, where she is the nominal head of the department. In addition to Thai, she speaks fluent English, French, and Chinese and is currently studying German and Latin.[citation needed]

Scholarship[edit]

The University of Liverpool introduced a prestigious new scholarship in honour of Sirindhorn. One full scholarship will be awarded annually to enable a Thai student to study at Liverpool to complete a one-year taught Masters programme. The scholarship is open to all subjects offered a one-year taught Masters programme, however priority will be given to those students who wish to study in a subject area associated with HRH Princess Sirindhorn such as science, information technology, medicine, the arts, geography, history and languages. To be eligible for the scholarship, applicants must be a Thai national and already hold an offer to study a one-year taught Masters programme at the University of Liverpool.[citation needed]

Titles, styles, honours and awards[edit]

Styles of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand
Female Royalty's Standard of Thailand.svg
Reference style Her Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Ma'am
Royal banner of Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn

Titles[edit]

  • 2 April 1955 - 5 December 1977: Her Royal Highness Princess Sirindhorn Debaratanasuda
  • 5 December 1977 – Present: Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, the Princess Royal

Style[edit]

The Princess' style and title in full: Her Royal Highness Princess Somdech Phra Debaratanarajasuda Chao Fa Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Rathasimagunakornpiyajat Sayamboromrajakumari of Thailand[note 1]

Honours[edit]

National honours[edit]

Foreign honours[edit]

Awards[edit]

Honorary degrees[edit]

National[edit]
Foreign[edit]

Honorary titles[edit]

Eponyms[edit]

Institutions[edit]

National[edit]

Because of her interest in foreign cultures, technology, conservation and education; there are a number of academic and research institutions in Thailand which have been granted permission to use her name, such as:

Foreign[edit]

Places[edit]

Fauna[edit]

Several fauna species are named after her, including:

Flora[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (สมเด็จพระเทพรัตนราชสุดา เจ้าฟ้ามหาจักรีสิรินธร รัฐสีมาคุณากรปิยชาติ สยามบรมราชกุมารี; rtgsSomdet Phra Theppha Rat Ratcha Suda, Chao Fa Maha Chakkri Sirinthon, Ratta Sima Khunakon Piya Chat, Sayam Boromma Ratcha Kumari). The title Sayam Boromma Ratcha Kumari is comparable to the British title of The Princess Royal.[citation needed].

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Biography of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn"
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Backman, Michael, "Thai riches hinged on wise king's prodigal son" The Age, 28 June 2006.
  4. ^ Kershaw, Roger (2001), Monarchy in South East Asia: The faces of tradition in transition, Routledge, p. 153 
  5. ^ McCargo, Duncan (2010), "Thailand", Regional Oulook: Southeast Asia 2010-2011 (Institute of Southeast Asian Studies), p. 55 
  6. ^ Watkins, Mary, P00144feabdc0.html#ixzz18VY4x1YT Cables breach taboo on Thai royal family" Financial Times, 16 December 2010.
  7. ^ Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand, Chapter2: Section 23 (Succession)
  8. ^ "Princess Sirindhorn levaes hospital". Bangkok Post. 2012-12-27. Retrieved 20 Sep 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c Sut.ac, education information
  10. ^ a b c d Pattayamail, more education information
  11. ^ a b AsianInstituteofTechnology, degree information
  12. ^ a b c Peking university, scholarship and award information
  13. ^ https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/e0/6c/e7/e06ce7923a24dc0b9789d896bb002807.jpg
  14. ^ https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Princess_Sirindhorn_2009-12-7_Royal_Thai_Government_House_4.jpg
  15. ^ https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Princess_Sirindhorn_2009-12-7_Royal_Thai_Government_House_3.jpg
  16. ^ http://www.cs.ait.ac.th/wutt/pthep/Img/pratep2.jpg
  17. ^ https://www.pinterest.com/pin/448319337880299067/
  18. ^ a b Pinterest, wearing the stars of the 9 gems and chula chom klao
  19. ^ http://www.gettyimages.co.uk/detail/news-photo/thai-crown-prince-maha-vajiralongkorn-and-princess-maha-news-photo/51407264
  20. ^ https://www.pinterest.com/pin/105905028707299604/
  21. ^ a b c d e Wiki Commons, wearing some badges of orders and medals
  22. ^ http://www4.pictures.gi.zimbio.com/Princess+Sirindhorn+Royal+Cremation+Ceremony+wbQxuziABkNl.jpg
  23. ^ wearing the badge of the order of the white elephant
  24. ^ https://www.pinterest.com/pin/467178161318102862/
  25. ^ wearing badge formed medal under the star of the order of the 9 gems
  26. ^ https://www.pinterest.com/pin/525443481498988659/
  27. ^ a b c d e f g Zen Journalist, wearing her Medals
  28. ^ a b Wiki Commons, wearing some Medals
  29. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (pdf) (in German). p. 1124. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  30. ^ http://www.kanchanapisek.or.th/biography/sirindhorn/part1.htm#Decorations
  31. ^ http://blog_real.blogs.sapo.pt/princesa-sirindhorn-em-laos-2083719
  32. ^ http://www.president.mn/eng/newsCenter/viewNews.php?newsId=445
  33. ^ http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums/f88/dutch-state-visit-to-thailand-january-19-23-2004-a-1665-3.html
  34. ^ http://tribune.com.pk/story/352887/hilal-e-pakistan-thai-princess-honoured/
  35. ^ http://ppinewsagency.com/21415/president-confers-hilal-e-pakistan-upon-princess-maha-chakri-sirindhorn-of-thailand-urges-for-taking-pak-thai-bilateral-ties-to-new-heights/
  36. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado
  37. ^ http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums/attachment.php?attachmentid=229676&d=1140701177
  38. ^ http://www.theroyalforums.com/forums/attachment.php?attachmentid=229460&d=1140634296
  39. ^ http://www.gettyimages.co.uk/detail/news-photo/princess-maha-chakri-sirindhorn-of-thailand-attends-king-news-photo/158106834
  40. ^ http://members3.boardhost.com/Oranjes/msg/1434330848.html
  41. ^ a b http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/44882000/jpg/_44882094_dignitaries_ap.jpg
  42. ^ http://cdn.c.photoshelter.com/img-get/I0000wj7SRIJeL9M/s/750/750/Thai-Banquet-1.jpg
  43. ^ a b c Word doc, award and position information
  44. ^ http://www.china.org.cn/world/2015-04/05/content_35247880.htm
  45. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/2005/11/20/stories/2005112007421000.htm
  46. ^ The 1991 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service
  47. ^ http://www.cmu.ac.th/hotnews_extra_detail_eng.php?act_id=67
  48. ^ http://www.jhsph.edu/news/stories/2006/celentano-honorary.html
  49. ^ http://www.ait.ac.th/news-and-events/2010/news/hrh-princess-maha-chakri-sirindhorn-to-preside-over-ait-day-2010#.ViFf9tm9Kc1
  50. ^ http://www4.hku.hk/hongrads/index.php/archive/graduate_detail/167
  51. ^ http://english.pku.edu.cn/News_Events/News/Global/5314.htm
  52. ^ http://www.u-tokai.ac.jp/english/news/2009/0902_01.html
  53. ^ The University of the Philippines conferred an honoris causa L.L.D. for her achievements as a global leader in sustaining rural and agricultural development and in promoting education and science to improve the lives of farming communities in Asia and the world.
  54. ^ http://www.pomona.edu/news/2014/02/04-princess-maha-chakri-sirindhorn-thailand-receives-honorary-degree-pomona-college
  55. ^ http://newsinfo.iu.edu/news/page/normal/16611.html
  56. ^ http://www.nationmultimedia.com/national/HRH-Princess-Sirindhorn-gets-royal-NIU-welcome-30215283.html
  57. ^ "JHU Honorary Degrees Awarded". Retrieved 7 April 2011. 
  58. ^ http://www.masslive.com/news/index.ssf/2011/05/bay_path_college_graduates_tol.html
  59. ^ http://m.xuehuile.com/blog/0a83a7a1573e44cd89e7a3901c04fe14.html
  60. ^ http://www.sac.or.th/en/
  61. ^ http://www.arts.chula.ac.th/06about/tour-en.html
  62. ^ http://med.mahidol.ac.th/sdmc/en
  63. ^ http://www.siit.tu.ac.th/home_en.php?html5
  64. ^ Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany)
Sirindhorn
Born: 2 April 1955
Thai royalty
Preceded by
Princess Sirivannavari Nariratana
Line of succession to the Thai throne
5th position
Succeeded by
Princess Chulabhorn Walailak
Order of precedence
Preceded by
The Crown Prince
The Princess Royal
4th position
Succeeded by
Princess Chulabhorn Walailak