Maha Sarakham province

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Maha Sarakham
มหาสารคาม
Wat Kusuntararam
Wat Kusuntararam
Flag of Maha Sarakham
Official seal of Maha Sarakham
Map of Thailand highlighting Maha Sarakham province
Map of Thailand highlighting Maha Sarakham province
CountryThailand
CapitalMaha Sarakham
Government
 • GovernorKiattisak Trongsiri (since October 2020)
Area
 • Total5,607 km2 (2,165 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 39th
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Total962,665
 • RankRanked 24th
 • Density172/km2 (450/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 18th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.5937 "average"
Ranked 33rd
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
44xxx
Calling code043
ISO 3166 codeTH-44
Websitewww.mahasarakham.go.th

Maha Sarakham province (Thai: มหาสารคาม, pronounced [mā.hǎː sǎː.rá.kʰāːm]) is one of the 76 provinces (changwat) of Thailand lies in central northeastern Thailand also called Isan. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise): Kalasin, Roi Et, Surin, Buriram, and Khon Kaen.

The town of Maha Sarakham is the provincial capital. It is the home of Mahasarakham University, the one of the largest universities in northeast Thailand with 41,000 students (2017),[4] and Rajabhat Mahasarakham University.

Geography[edit]

The province is mostly a plain covered with rice fields. Only in the north and east are there small hills. The province is between 130 and 230 m above sea level. The main river is the Chi. The total forest area is 214 km2 (83 sq mi) or 3.8 percent of provincial area.[1]

History[edit]

Maha Sarakham was originally a satellite town of Roi Et, founded in 1865. The governor of Roi Et sent 9,000 people to populate the new town, and one of his cousins as its governor. In 1868 the central government in Bangkok declared Maha Sarakham a province of its own under the supervision of Bangkok. One of the reasons was that this step weakened the power of Roi Et.[citation needed]

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal shows a tree in front of rice fields, symbolizing the richness of resources in the province.

The provincial flag shows the seal in the middle, in a brown horizontal strip. Above and below is a yellow strip. The brown color symbolizes the strength and the perseverance of the people in the province, who live in the rather dry climate; the yellow color symbolizes the robes of Buddhist monks as evidence of the faith of the people.

The provincial tree is the woman's tongue tree (Albizia lebbeck). The tree symbol was assigned to the province in 1994 by Queen Sirikit. The provincial flower is the West Indian jasmine (Ixora).

Administration[edit]

Map of 13 districts

Provincial government[edit]

The province is divided into 13 districts (amphoes). The districts are further divided into 133 subdistricts (tambons) and 1,804 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Maha Sarakham
  2. Kae Dam
  3. Kosum Phisai
  4. Kantharawichai
  5. Chiang Yuen
  6. Borabue
  7. Na Chueak
  1. Phayakkhaphum Phisai
  2. Wapi Pathum
  3. Na Dun
  4. Yang Sisurat
  5. Kut Rang
  6. Chuen Chom

Local government[edit]

As of 26 November 2019 there are:[5] one Maha Sarakham Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 19 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Maha Sarakham has town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 18 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 123 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[2]

Human achievement index 2017[edit]

Health Education Employment Income
Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
12 40 45 62
Housing Family Transport Participation
586-house-with-garden.svg
Parents, enfants, famille.png
Groundtransport inv.svg Icon Sociopolítica y relaciones internacionales (wikiproyect, es.wp).png
26 29 60 21
Province Maha Sarakham, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5937 is "average", occupies place 33 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]

Rank Classification
  1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"
Rice maturing in the paddy in rural Maha Sarakham province.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019, Thailand boundary from Department of Provincial Administration in 2013{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  2. ^ a b รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ส.2562 [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2019]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  4. ^ "MSU at a glance". Mahasarakham University. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  5. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 42 Maha Sarakham: 1 PAO, 1 Town mun., 18 Subdistrict mun., 123 SAO.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 16°11′5″N 103°18′2″E / 16.18472°N 103.30056°E / 16.18472; 103.30056 (Maha Sarakham province)