Mahad

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mahād

Raigad Nagari
Savitri River near Mahad
Savitri River near Mahad
Mahād is located in Maharashtra
Mahād
Mahād
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°04′59″N 73°25′01″E / 18.083°N 73.417°E / 18.083; 73.417Coordinates: 18°04′59″N 73°25′01″E / 18.083°N 73.417°E / 18.083; 73.417
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DivisionKonkan
DistrictRaigad
Sub-districtMahad
Mahad City Municipal Council1866 A.D.
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyMahad City Municipal Council
Area
 • Total12 km2 (5 sq mi)
Elevation
18 m (59 ft)
Population
(2017)
 • Total89,724
 • Density7,500/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Mahadkar, Raigadkar
Languages
 • Official Marathi
 • RegionalKonkani , Agri-Koli
Sex Ratio and Literacy in Semi-Urban region(Mahad City)
 • Sex Ratio963 Females : 1000 Males
 • Literacy94%
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
402301(Mahad City), 402309(Mahad MIDC/Birwadi)
Telephone code02145
Vehicle registrationMH-06
Websitehttps://www.raigad.nic.in
Varandha ghat

Mahad About this soundpronunciation  is a big town in Raigad district(formerly Kulaba district) situated in the North Konkan region of Maharashtra state, India. It is located 108.5km from District's Headquarter Alibag, and 167km from Mumbai state capital of Maharashtra and Economic capital of India, towards Western Coast.

The town is well-known historically due to its Raigad fort-Former Capital of Maratha Empire in Shivaji Era and Revolutionary Mahad Satyagraha launched by Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar at Chavdar Tale in the wake of Modern India.

The Savitri River Bridge Incident[edit]

In 2015, major flood hit Mahad due to which the British-era bridge on Mumbai Goa highway collapsed causing a great life loss. Several disasters like Floods, Landslides have devastated Markets and Old houses having Classic Konkani-styled architecture earlier too, causing great loss of life. This is due to Lower elevation of the City compared to surrounding areas and having rivers on all sides, making the city appear like a Triangular island. Also, Konkan predominantly receives very heavy rainfall in comparison to rest of Maharashtra. [1][2]

Tourist attractions nearby[edit]

Raigad, popularly known as "Gateway of Konkan", Mahad is among famous tourist destinations in Konkan. Some important tourist attractions are:

  • Raigad Fort
  • Pratapgadh Fort
  • Gandhar Pale Buddhist Caves
  • Shivthar Ghal
  • Lingana Fort
  • Birwadi Fort
  • Warandha Ghat
  • Mulshi-Tamhini Ghat (Bhira)
  • Poladpur
  • Mahabaleshwar
  • Vireshwar Temple
  • Chavdaar Tale Park
  • Mangad
  • Hari-Hareshwar, Shrivardhan and Diveagar Beach
  • Dapoli-Mandangad beach

Etymology[edit]

The word "Mahad" derived from Konkani-marathi words "महा"(Mahā) and "हाट"(Hāt)."महा" meaning "Great or big" and "हाट" meaning "Market", which means "A Big Market", as the town was popularly known as.

History[edit]

The city was well known due to its history, dating back to as far as Raigad fort, the capital of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and one of the biggest Socio-political movement in India-Dalit Satyagraha by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar.

Chavdaar Tale Satyagraha and Freedom Movement[edit]

Mahad is considered as the Land of freedom fighters. Many revolutionary freedom movements of India originated in Mahad.[citation needed] It is famous for the Chavdaar Tale Water Satyagraha of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar for Dalits at Chavdar Tale, which played as a turning point in Indian sociopolitical history.[citation needed]

Many disciples of Lord Buddha and followers of Dr.Babasaheb Ambedkar visit Chavdaar Tale every year on Kranti Din(Day of Revolution).

Shivaji Maharaj and Raigad fort[edit]

Apart from this, it had a glorious history during the rule of the great Maratha King Shivaji. The capital of Hindavi Swarajya and Samadhi of Shivaji Maharaj is at Raigad fort. which is around 24 km from the city. It was part of Birwadi Subha (Tehsil) and was ruled by Birwadi Subhedar's Kadams (Mahamunkars). The samadhi of Shivaji's mother Jijabai is at Pachad situated at foothills of Raigad fort. Hirkani was from Raigadwadi village.[citation needed] It is true and widely accepted that the Shivaji's political victory was followed by the social revolution carried out by his teacher Saint Tukaram.[citation needed] The village Umarath of Tanaji Malusare & Kinjaloli of Murarbaji are also in the vicinity of Mahad.

Shivtharghal and Daasbodh[edit]

The Shivtharghal, which is the birthplace of the most spiritual book Dasbodh written by Samarth Ramdas-The Spiritual Guru of Shivaji Maharaj.

Mahad Port[edit]

Mahad was believed to be a flourishing port in the past. The famous Gul(Jaggery) of Shahupuri Kolhapur and Satara was exported to Gujrat via Mahad.

Now the banks of Savitri river have changed during the course of time and only creek water fishing is carried out and Mahad is no longer known as a port.

Yet the Mahad's market is still more prosperous than any other market in Southern Raigad.

Pandav Leni/Gangharpale Caves[edit]

According to the mythological story, Gandharpale Caves are the sculptured houses built in one night by the Pandavas.[citation needed] Originally these caves are Buddhist caves build during the reign of Prince Vishnupalita Kambhoja.[3]

Konkan[edit]

Mahad is one of the well-known holiday destinations in North Konkan region. It sees heavy rainfall during monsoon. There are numerous temples around Mahad. The festivals most celebrated by local people are Holi (which falls in summer around the month of March) and Ganpati festival (which falls during the monsoon, around the month of September).[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Central Market[edit]

Apart from this, Mahad was the central market for people of Poladpur, the Raigad villages and the hill station Mahabaleshwar. It has a large market.[citation needed] The city is surrounded by the Sahyadri mountain ranges and the Savitri, Kal and Gandhari rivers originating through Mahabaleswar, hills in Mulshi and Raigad fort respectively. Mahad was a flourishing port in the past.[citation needed] "Mahadi Gul"[clarification needed] was well known in Gujarat, which is made in Satara, Pune districts and exported to other locations through Mahad's port.[citation needed]

Mahad M.I.D.C. and Economic Corridor[edit]

Mahad MIDC[edit]

Mahad is now well-developed with town infrastructure.Mahad MIDC which is set-up near Birwadi is the small Chemical industry cluster. It houses several polymer, pharmaceutical, organic, pigments, fertilizers, Aroma Chemical manufacturing industries. Notable industries like: •Pidilite •Piramal Healthcare •Sandoz •Lakshmi Organic •Hikal ltd. Company •Maharashtra Aldehydes •Sudarshan •Maharashtra Seamless •EMBIO •Privi Organics India Limited[4] Mahad consists of two Industrial zones- Mahad-Birwadi and Mahad Additional Industrial zone.

Bharatmala[edit]

Mahad is part of proposed Panvel-Mahad-Chiplun-Panjim Economic corridor under Bharatmala Project.

Transport[edit]

Airways[edit]

Nearest airports:

Railway[edit]

Konkan railway line starts from Roha-Kolad and exits Raigad district via Veer. Main railway stations in Mahad is Veer railway station

Road[edit]

National Highway NH 66 (previously known as NH 17) passes through Mahad.[citation needed] It connects Panvel(Southern Navi-Mumbai) to Kanyakumari, passing through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.

MSRTC[edit]

Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation has a Bus Depot at Mahad for public transport.Buses plying Mahad Khed Chiplun Ratnagiri have halt at Mahad MSRTC Bus depot.

GSRTC[edit]

Since many people from Mahad are commuting to Cities like Surat Vapi and Valsad in Gujrat even before the Independence, for means of inter-state public transport Gujrat State Road transport corporation started Buses from Mahad and Poladpur bus stand which are under operations of Mahad MSRTC Bus Depot to Surat and other cities in Gujrat.

Shimga Festival[edit]

The most important festival among whole Konkani community spreading from Thane, Raigad to Goa and Karawar coast is "Shimga". It is speciality of "Konkan and Goa". Every City, every town or Village has its own way of celebrating it. Almost every Konkani working day and night, sleeplessly in metropolis like Mumbai, Pune, Delhi or in foreign countries rush to their homeland during Shimga. People worship their local deities, fun-fair are organised; the Palkhis of local deities are main attraction and is considered prestigious among locals. Each town represents its own Religious Culture and Traditions.

Shimgotsav in Mahad[edit]

Lord Vireshwar is the most-worshipped Local deity of Mahad. The temple of Lord Vireshwar was believed to be constructed during or before Shivaji Maharaj Era. A local fair is organised during shimga called "Mahad chi Jatra", uniquely known as "Chabina Utsav of Mahad". The "Palkhis" of Seven sisters of Lord Vireshwar who are Gram-devi(goddess) of nearby villages and another towns like Mangaon, Poladpur and Khed are brought at Lord Vireshwar Temple in Mahad. Goddess Zolai Devi is considered the most favourite sister of Lord Vireshwar. The people are so devoted that they bring Palkhis from many miles far villages by walking, sometimes bare-footed, they consider this holy and sacred and feel lucky to be part of it.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mahād (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  2. ^ "Mahād". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 2013-02-17.
  3. ^ Ahir, D. C. (2003). Buddhist sites and shrines in India: history, art, and architecture (1. ed.). Delhi: Sri Satguru Publ. p. 198. ISBN 8170307740.
  4. ^ http://www.privi.com/contact-us