Mahāgandhāyon Monastery (Burmese: မဟာဂန္ဓာရုံကျောင်းတိုက်; Pali: Mahāgandhārāma Vihāra), located in Amarapura, Myanmar, is the country's most prominent monastic college. The monastery, known for its strict adherence to the Vinaya, the Buddhist monastic code.
The monastery was first established by Agatithuka Sayadaw, a Thudhamma-affiliated monk around 1908, as a meditation monastery for forest-dwelling monks. The monastery gained further prominence under the leadership of Ashin Janakābhivaṃsa, who began living there in 1914. During the 1970s, Ne Win, the country's leader, sought advice from Shwegyin monks at the monastery.
- Buswell Jr, Robert E.; Lopez Jr, Donald S. (2013). The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton University Press. ISBN 9781400848058.
- Mendelson, E. Michael (1975). Sangha and State in Burma: A Study of Monastic Sectarianism and Leadership. Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801408755.
- Lynn, Nyan Hlaing (29 August 2016). "A refuge of monastic discipline in Mandalay". Frontier Myanmar. Retrieved 2016-11-13.
- Carbine, Jason A. (2011). Sons of the Buddha: Continuities and Ruptures in a Burmese Monastic Tradition. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 9783110254099.
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