Mahajani

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Mahajani
Mahajani Script.jpg
Mahajani characters
Type
Languages Hindi, Punjabi, and Marwari
Parent systems
ISO 15924 Mahj, 314
Direction Left-to-right
Unicode alias
Mahajani

U+11150–U+1117F

Final Accepted Script Proposal
[a] The Semitic origin of the Brahmic scripts is not universally agreed upon.

Mahajani is a Laṇḍā mercantile script that was historically used in northern India for writing accounts and financial records in Hindi, Punjabi, and Marwari.[1] It is a Brahmic script and is written left-to-right. Mahajani refers to the Hindi word for 'bankers', also known as 'sarrafi' or 'kothival' (merchant).

History[edit]

Mahajani has been used as a primary accounting script for Marwari traders and for the use of Hindi and Punjabi in a wide region across northwest India and eastern Pakistan. It was taught in merchant schools as part of the education system. A vast majority of documents in which it is found are financial documents, in addition to primers. Its use has been reported by bookkeepers in Haryana as the Langdi script, although its relationship with Langdi is uncertain. Mahajani descended from Landa scripts in the greater Punjab region in historic times and was well-known as a merchant's script throughout north India. It may have also been influenced by Kaithi and Devanagari.

Characters[edit]

It has fewer vowels than most North Indian scripts, and the use of them is optional. The vowels i and u can represent both their short and long forms in additional to diphthongs and related vowels. Since vowels are optional, they must be interpreted in context for most Mahajani texts. There are no special conjunct consonant forms, and there are no viramas to indicate them. Nasalization, if indicated, is typically represented by 'na'. It also has various fraction marks, accounting marks, and textual organization marks, to indicate paragraph and word spacing, and abbreviation, punctuation, and space marks. As many Mahajani texts are accounting books, accounting symbols have been found, but they are undergoing further research for proper encoding. It also uses a Devanagari-like baseline only to mark title headings on texts, not like in Devenagari where the baseline is an integral part of the characters. Some characters also have glyphic variants, which can be found in greater detail in the Unicode Proposal.

Unicode[edit]

Mahajani script was added to the Unicode Standard in June 2014 with the release of version 7.0.

The Unicode block for Mahajani is U+11150–U+1117F:

Mahajani[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1115x 𑅐 𑅑 𑅒 𑅓 𑅔 𑅕 𑅖 𑅗 𑅘 𑅙 𑅚 𑅛 𑅜 𑅝 𑅞 𑅟
U+1116x 𑅠 𑅡 𑅢 𑅣 𑅤 𑅥 𑅦 𑅧 𑅨 𑅩 𑅪 𑅫 𑅬 𑅭 𑅮 𑅯
U+1117x 𑅰 𑅱 𑅲 𑅳 𑅴 𑅵 𑅶
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 8.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pandey, Anshuman. "N4126: Proposal to Encode the Mahajani Script in ISO/IEC 10646" (PDF). Retrieved 3 July 2014.