Mahal (1949 film)
|Directed by||Kamal Amrohi|
|Produced by||Ashok Kumar
|Written by||Kamal Amrohi|
|Music by||Khemchand Prakash|
|Edited by||Bimal Roy
R. M. Tipnis
|Language||Hindi / Urdu|
|Box office||1 cr|
Mahal (Hindi: महल; Urdu: محل; English translation: The Mansion) is a 1949 Indian Hindi film directed by Kamal Amrohi and starring Ashok Kumar and Madhubala. It was India's first reincarnation thriller film.
Produced by Bombay Talkies studio, this Kamal Amrohi's directorial debut launched both playback singer Lata Mangeshkar and the leading lady Madhubala into super-stardom. Its songs, particularly "Aayega Aane Waala" sung by Lata Mangeshkar, are perennial favorites. Rajkumari sang two other well-known songs from the film, "Mein woh dulhan hon" and "Yeh raat phir na aayge". Their lyrics were written by Nakshab. Rajkumari also sang these songs live on a Channel 4 (a UK TV station) programme called 'Mahfil' aired on 24 March 1991.
Mahal made Lata Mangeshkar famous and established playback singers as stars in their own right. Before Mahal, records listed character names and indeed the first batch of records credited "Aayega aane wala" to Kamini, the character played by Madhubala. When the song first played on All India Radio, its phone lines were flooded with callers inquiring the singer's name. All India Radio had to find this out from the record company before it could announce Lata Mangeshkar's name on the air. The film was included in the British Film Institute's list, "10 great romantic horror films".
The movie was a groundbreaking supernatural suspense thriller and one of the earliest known films dealing with reincarnation. Mahal became one of the biggest box office hits of 1949 in India  and paved way for Indian gothic fiction.
Many established actresses and new faces were screen-tested for the coveted female lead. The part was written with the then-reigning superstar, Suraiya in mind. However after two screen tests, the fledgling Madhubala, only 16 at the time was selected. The film was key in defining her screen persona and establishing her as one of the most successful and illustrious actresses of the 1950s.
- Ashok Kumar as Hari Shankar
- Madhubala as Kamini
- M. Kumar as Hari Shankar's Father
- Vijayalaxmi as Ranjana
- Kanu Roy as Shrinath
- S. Nazir
- Eruch Tarapore
- Sheela Naik
- Leela Pandey
- Laxman Rao
- S.A. Baker
- Raja Salim
For lyrics written by Nakshab, the music of the songs was composed by Khemchand Prakash.
- "Aayega Aanewala" - Singer: Lata Mangeshkar
- "Chun Chun Gunguruva Baje Jhumba" - Singers: Rajkumari, Zohrabai Ambalawali
- "Ghabrekar Ke Jo Hum Sir Ko Takraayan" - Singer: Rajkumari
- "Dil Ne Fir Yaad Kiya" - Singer: Lata Mangeshkar
- "Main Wo Hansi Hun Lab Pe Jo Aane Se Rah Gayi" - Singer: Rajkumari
- "Ek Teer Chala Dil Pe Laga" - Singer: Rajkumari
- "Mushkil Hai Bahot Mushkil" - Singer: Lata Mangeshkar
Bimal Roy, who was the editor for Mahal, would later go on to direct Madhumati, which itself went on to become the source of inspiration for many later works dealing with the theme of reincarnation in Indian cinema, Indian television, and perhaps world cinema. It was the source of inspiration for the American film The Reincarnation of Peter Proud (1975) and the Hindi film Karz (1980), both of which dealt with reincarnation and have been influential in their respective cultures. Karz in particular was remade several times: as the Kannada film Yuga Purusha (1989), the Tamil film Enakkul Oruvan (1984), and Om Shanti Om 
- "Palace Of Delusion:Kamal Amrohi’s Mahal is our first reincarnation thriller". Outlook (magazine). 4 June 2012. Archived from the original on 3 July 2014.
- Roshmila Bhattacharya (6 May 2013). "Testing times for Madhubala". Pune Mirror. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- Sidharth Bhatia (4 May 2013). "Kamal Amrohi Producer Kamal Amrohi was the master of old-world elegance and heartache". Mint. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
- "Birth Centenaries" (PDF). pib.nic.in. Press Information Bureau. p. 3. Retrieved 25 December 2011.
- Mahal (1949) Classic Films at upperstall
- Mishra, Vijay (2002), Bollywood cinema: temples of desire, Routledge, pp. 49–57, ISBN 0-415-93014-6
- Doniger, Wendy (2005), "Chapter 6: Reincarnation", The woman who pretended to be who she was: myths of self-imitation, Oxford University Press, pp. 112–136 , ISBN 0-19-516016-9
- Ashanti nags Om Shanti Om Mumbai Mirror, 7 August 2008.
- Shah Rukh, Farah Sued: Writer Claims SRK stole his script for Om Shanti Om